casbin
cargo install casbin

casbin

An authorization library that supports access control models like ACL, RBAC, ABAC in Rust.

by casbin

2.0.3 (see all)License:Apache-2.0
cargo install casbin
Readme

casbin-rs

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News: still worry about how to write the correct Casbin policy? Casbin online editor is coming to help! Try it at: https://casbin.org/editor/

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Casbin-RS is a powerful and efficient open-source access control library for Rust projects. It provides support for enforcing authorization based on various access control models.

All the languages supported by Casbin:

golang

java

nodejs

php

Casbin

jCasbin

node-Casbin

PHP-Casbin

production-ready

production-ready

production-ready

production-ready

python

dotnet

c++

rust

PyCasbin

Casbin.NET

Casbin-CPP

Casbin-RS

production-ready

production-ready

beta-test

production-ready

Installation

Add this package to Cargo.toml of your project. (Check https://crates.io/crates/casbin for right version)

[dependencies]
casbin = { version = "2.0.2", default-features = false, features = ["runtime-async-std", "logging"] }
async-std = { version = "1.6.4", features = ["attributes"] }

Get started

  1. New a Casbin enforcer with a model file and a policy file:

    use casbin::prelude::*;

    #[async_std::main] async fn main() -> Result<()> { let mut e = Enforcer::new("examples/rbac_with_domains_model.conf", "examples/rbac_with_domains_policy.csv").await?; e.enable_log(true);

    e.enforce(("alice", "domain1", "data1", "read"))?;
    Ok(())
    

    }

  1. Add an enforcement hook into your code right before the access happens:

    let sub = "alice"; // the user that wants to access a resource.
    let obj = "data1"; // the resource that is going to be accessed.
    let act = "read"; // the operation that the user performs on the resource.
    
    if let Ok(authorized) = e.enforce((sub, obj, act)) {
        if authorized {
            // permit alice to read data1
        } else {
            // deny the request
        }
    } else {
        // error occurs
    }
    

Table of contents

Supported models

  1. ACL (Access Control List)
  2. ACL with superuser
  3. ACL without users: especially useful for systems that don't have authentication or user log-ins.
  4. ACL without resources: some scenarios may target for a type of resources instead of an individual resource by using permissions like write-article, read-log. It doesn't control the access to a specific article or log.
  5. RBAC (Role-Based Access Control)
  6. RBAC with resource roles: both users and resources can have roles (or groups) at the same time.
  7. RBAC with domains/tenants: users can have different role sets for different domains/tenants.
  8. ABAC (Attribute-Based Access Control): syntax sugar like resource.Owner can be used to get the attribute for a resource.
  9. RESTful: supports paths like /res/*, /res/:id and HTTP methods like GET, POST, PUT, DELETE.
  10. Deny-override: both allow and deny authorizations are supported, deny overrides the allow.
  11. Priority: the policy rules can be prioritized like firewall rules.

How it works?

In casbin-rs, an access control model is abstracted into a CONF file based on the PERM metamodel (Policy, Effect, Request, Matchers). So switching or upgrading the authorization mechanism for a project is just as simple as modifying a configuration. You can customize your own access control model by combining the available models. For example, you can get RBAC roles and ABAC attributes together inside one model and share one set of policy rules.

The most basic and simplest model in casbin-rs is ACL. ACL's model CONF is:

# Request definition
[request_definition]
r = sub, obj, act

# Policy definition
[policy_definition]
p = sub, obj, act

# Policy effect
[policy_effect]
e = some(where (p.eft == allow))

# Matchers
[matchers]
m = r.sub == p.sub && r.obj == p.obj && r.act == p.act

An example policy for ACL model is like:

p, alice, data1, read
p, bob, data2, write

It means:

  • alice can read data1
  • bob can write data2

Features

What casbin-rs does:

  1. enforce the policy in the classic {subject, object, action} form or a customized form as you defined, both allow and deny authorizations are supported.
  2. handle the storage of the access control model and its policy.
  3. manage the role-user mappings and role-role mappings (aka role hierarchy in RBAC).
  4. support built-in superuser like root or administrator. A superuser can do anything without explict permissions.
  5. multiple built-in operators to support the rule matching. For example, keyMatch can map a resource key /foo/bar to the pattern /foo*.

What casbin-rs does NOT do:

  1. authentication (aka verify username and password when a user logs in)
  2. manage the list of users or roles. I believe it's more convenient for the project itself to manage these entities. Users usually have their passwords, and casbin-rs is not designed as a password container. However, casbin-rs stores the user-role mapping for the RBAC scenario.

Documentation

https://casbin.org/docs/en/overview

Online editor

You can also use the online editor (http://casbin.org/editor/) to write your casbin-rs model and policy in your web browser. It provides functionality such as syntax highlighting and code completion, just like an IDE for a programming language.

Tutorials

https://casbin.org/docs/en/tutorials

Policy management

casbin-rs provides two sets of APIs to manage permissions:

  • Management API: the primitive API that provides full support for casbin-rs policy management. See here for examples.
  • RBAC API: a more friendly API for RBAC. This API is a subset of Management API. The RBAC users could use this API to simplify the code. See here for examples.

We also provide a web-based UI for model management and policy management:

model editor

policy editor

Policy persistence

https://casbin.org/docs/en/adapters

Role manager

https://casbin.org/docs/en/role-managers

Examples

Model

Model file

Policy file

ACL

basic_model.conf

basic_policy.csv

ACL with superuser

basic_model_with_root.conf

basic_policy.csv

ACL without users

basic_model_without_users.conf

basic_policy_without_users.csv

ACL without resources

basic_model_without_resources.conf

basic_policy_without_resources.csv

RBAC

rbac_model.conf

rbac_policy.csv

RBAC with resource roles

rbac_model_with_resource_roles.conf

rbac_policy_with_resource_roles.csv

RBAC with domains/tenants

rbac_model_with_domains.conf

rbac_policy_with_domains.csv

ABAC

abac_model.conf

N/A

RESTful

keymatch_model.conf

keymatch_policy.csv

Deny-override

rbac_model_with_deny.conf

rbac_policy_with_deny.csv

Priority

priority_model.conf

priority_policy.csv

Middlewares

Authz middlewares for web frameworks: https://casbin.org/docs/en/middlewares

Our adopters

https://casbin.org/docs/en/adopters

Contributors

This project exists thanks to all the people who contribute.

Backers

Thank you to all our backers! 🙏 [Become a backer]

Sponsors

Support this project by becoming a sponsor. Your logo will show up here with a link to your website. [Become a sponsor]

License

This project is licensed under the Apache 2.0 license.

Contact

If you have any issues or feature requests, please contact us. PR is welcomed.

GitHub Stars

476

LAST COMMIT

9mos ago

MAINTAINERS

3

CONTRIBUTORS

22

OPEN ISSUES

19

OPEN PRs

1
VersionTagPublished
2.0.3
2yrs ago
2.0.2
2yrs ago
2.0.1
2yrs ago
2.0.0
2yrs ago
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