Useful primitives for wallets





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Wally is a cross-platform, cross-language collection of useful primitives for cryptocurrency wallets.

Read the API documentation at https://wally.readthedocs.io.

Note that library interfaces may change slightly while the library design matures. Please see the CHANGES file to determine if the API has changed when upgrading.

Please report bugs and submit patches to Our github repository. If you wish to report a security issue, please read Our security reporting guidelines.

Build Status Documentation Status


Wally can currently be built for:

  • Linux
  • Android
  • macOS
  • iOS
  • Windows
  • WebAssembly

And can be used from:

  • C and compatible languages which can call C interfaces
  • C++ (see include/wally.hpp for C++ container support)
  • Python 2.7+ or 3.x
  • Java
  • Javascript via node.js or Cordova or WebAssembly/Emscripten compatible


# Initialise the libsecp sources (Needs to be run only once)
$ git submodule init
$ git submodule sync --recursive
$ git submodule update --init --recursive`

# Build
$ ./tools/autogen.sh
$ ./configure <options - see below>
$ make
$ make check

Building on macOS

Using homebrew,

$ brew install gnu-sed

If you wish to enable the SWIG interface, you will need install the Java JDK 8 or newer, and install SWIG:

$ brew install swig

configure options

  • --enable-debug. Enables debugging information and disables compiler optimisations (default: no).
  • --enable-export-all. Export all functions from the wally shared library. Ordinarily only API functions are exported. (default: no). Enable this if you want to test the internal functions of the library or are planning to submit patches.
  • --enable-swig-python. Enable the SWIG Python interface. The resulting shared library can be imported from Python using the generated interface file src/swig_python/wallycore/__init__.py. (default: no).
  • --enable-python-manylinux. Enable manylinux support for building PyPI compatible python wheels. Using the resulting library in non-python programs requires linking with libpython.so.
  • --enable-swig-java. Enable the SWIG Java (JNI) interface. After building, see src/swig_java/src/com/blockstream/libwally/Wally.java for the Java interface definition (default: no).
  • --enable-elements. Enables support for Elements features, including Liquid support.
  • --enable-js-wrappers. Enable the Node.js and Cordova Javascript wrappers. This currently requires python to be available at build time (default: no).
  • --enable-coverage. Enables code coverage (default: no) Note that you will need lcov installed to build with this option enabled and generate coverage reports.
  • --disable-shared. Disables building a shared library and builds a static library instead.
  • --disable-tests. Disables building library tests.
  • --disable-clear-tests. Disables just the test_clear test (required to pass the test suite with some compilers).
$ ./configure --enable-debug --enable-export-all --enable-swig-python --enable-swig-java --enable-coverage

Compiler options

Set CC=clang to use clang for building instead of gcc, when both are installed.


For non-development use, you can install wally with pip as follows:

pip install wallycore==0.8.3

For python development, you can build and install wally using:

$ pip install .

It is suggested you only install this way into a virtualenv while the library is under heavy development.

If you wish to explicitly choose the python version to use, set the PYTHON_VERSION environment variable (to e.g. 2.7, 3, 3.7 etc) before running pip or (when compiling manually) ./configure.

You can also install the binary wally releases using the released wheel files without having to compile the library, e.g.:

pip install wallycore-0.8.3-cp37-cp37m-linux_x86_64.whl

The script tools/build_python_manylinux_wheels.sh builds the Linux release files and can be used as an example for your own python projects.


Android builds are currently supported for all Android binary targets using the Android NDK. The script tools/android_helpers.sh can be sourced from the shell or scripts to make it easier to produce builds:

$ export ANDROID_HOME=/opt/android-sdk
$ . ./tools/android_helpers.sh

$ android_get_arch_list
armeabi-v7a arm64-v8a x86 x86_64

# Prepare to build
$ ./tools/cleanup.sh
$ ./tools/autogen.sh

# See the comments in tools/android_helpers.sh for arguments
$ android_build_wally armeabi-v7a $ANDROID_NDK/toolchains/llvm/prebuilt/linux-x86_64 19 "--enable-swig-java"

The script tools/build_android_libraries.sh builds the Android release files and can be used as an example for your own Android projects.


WebAssembly is available as a preview feature. Users may want to avoid using wally compiled for wasm for signing or encryption/decryption as the transpiled code may not remain constant time.

Building wally as wasm requires following emsdk instructions for your platform and sourcing the emsdk_env.sh file:

# Set up the environment variables for the toolchain
$ source $HOME/emsdk/emsdk_env.sh

# Optionally set the list of wally functions to export to wasm (default: all)
$ export EXPORTED_FUNCTIONS="['_malloc','_free','_wally_init','_wally_cleanup',...]"

`# Build
$ ./tools/build_wasm.sh [--enable-elements]

The script tools/build_wasm.sh builds the wallycore.html example as well as the required wallycore.js and wallycore.wasm files, which can be used as an example for your own WebAssembly projects.

Open wallycore.html in a browser via a webserver like nginx or python2 -m SimpleHTTPServer 8000 to run the example.


$ ./tools/cleanup.sh

Submitting patches

Please use pull requests on github to submit. Before producing your patch you should format your changes using uncrustify version 0.60 or later. The script ./tools/uncrustify will reformat all C sources in the library as needed, with the currently chosen uncrustify options.

To reformat a single source file, use e.g.:

$ ./tools/uncrustify src/transaction.c

Or to reformat all source files, pass no arguments:

$ ./tools/uncrustify

If you have added new API functions in your patch, run ./tools/build_wrappers.py to update the auto-generated support code for various platforms.

You should also make sure the existing tests pass and if possible write tests covering any new functionality, following the existing style. You can run the tests via:

$ make check

Python ctypes tests (in ./src/test/) are strongly preferred, but you can add to the other test suites if your changes target a specific language or your tests need to be written at a higher level of abstraction.

Generating a coverage report

To generate an HTML coverage report, install lcov and use:

$ ./tools/cleanup.sh
$ ./tools/autogen.sh
$ ./configure --enable-debug --enable-export-all --enable-swig-python --enable-swig-java --enable-js_wrappers --enable-coverage --enable-elements
$ make
$ ./tools/coverage.sh clean
$ make check
$ ./tools/coverage.sh

The coverage report can then be viewed at ./src/lcov/src/index.html. Patches to increase the test coverage are welcome.

Users of libwally-core

Projects and products that are known to depend on or use libwally:

Please note that some of the listed projects may be experimental or superseded.

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