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virtualenv-api

An API for virtualenv/pip

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virtualenv-api - an API for virtualenv

|Build Status| |Latest version| |BSD License|

virtualenv_ is a tool to create isolated Python environments. Unfortunately, it does not expose a native Python API. This package aims to provide an API in the form of a wrapper around virtualenv.

It can be used to create and delete environments and perform package management inside the environment.

Full support is provided for all supported versions of Python.

.. _virtualenv: http://www.virtualenv.org/ .. |Build Status| image:: https://travis-ci.org/sjkingo/virtualenv-api.svg :target: https://travis-ci.org/sjkingo/virtualenv-api .. |Latest version| image:: https://img.shields.io/pypi/v/virtualenv-api.svg :target: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/virtualenv-api .. |BSD License| image:: https://img.shields.io/pypi/l/virtualenv-api.svg :target: https://github.com/sjkingo/virtualenv-api/blob/master/LICENSE

Installation

The latest stable release is available on PyPi_:

::

$ pip install virtualenv-api

Please note that the distribution is named virtualenv-api, yet the Python package is named virtualenvapi.

Alternatively, you may fetch the latest version from git:

::

$ pip install git+https://github.com/sjkingo/virtualenv-api.git

.. _PyPi: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/virtualenv-api

Usage

To begin managing an environment (it will be created if it does not exist):

.. code:: python

from virtualenvapi.manage import VirtualEnvironment
env = VirtualEnvironment('/path/to/environment/name')

If you have already activated a virtualenv and wish to operate on it, simply call VirtualEnvironment without the path argument:

.. code:: python

env = VirtualEnvironment()

The VirtualEnvironment constructor takes some optional arguments (their defaults are shown below):

  • python=None - specify the Python interpreter to use. Defaults to the default system interpreter (new in 2.1.3)
  • cache=None - existing directory to override the default pip download cache
  • readonly=False - prevent all operations that could potentially modify the environment (new in 2.1.7)
  • system_site_packages=False - include system site packages in operations on the environment (new in 2.1.14)

Operations

Once you have a VirtualEnvironment object, you can perform operations on it.

  • Check if the mezzanine package is installed:

.. code:: python

>>> env.is_installed('mezzanine')
False
  • Install the latest version of the mezzanine package:

.. code:: python

>>> env.install('mezzanine')
  • A wheel of the latest version of the mezzanine package (new in 2.1.4):

.. code:: python

>>> env.wheel('mezzanine')
  • Install version 1.4 of the django package (this is pip’s syntax):

.. code:: python

>>> env.install('django==1.4')
  • Upgrade the django package to the latest version:

.. code:: python

>>> env.upgrade('django')
  • Upgrade all packages to their latest versions (new in 2.1.7):

.. code:: python

>>> env.upgrade_all()
  • Uninstall the mezzanine package:

.. code:: python

>>> env.uninstall('mezzanine')

Packages may be specified as name only (to work on the latest version), using pip’s package syntax (e.g. django==1.4) or as a tuple of ('name', 'ver') (e.g. ('django', '1.4')).

  • A package may be installed directly from a git repository (must end with .git):

.. code:: python

>>> env.install('git+git://github.com/sjkingo/cartridge-payments.git')

New in 2.1.10:

  • A package can be installed in pip's editable mode by prefixing the package name with -e (this is pip's syntax):

.. code:: python

>>> env.install('-e git+https://github.com/stephenmcd/cartridge.git')

New in 2.1.15:

  • Packages in a pip requirements file can be installed by prefixing the requirements file path with -r:

.. code:: python

>>> env.install('-r requirements.txt')
  • Instances of the environment provide an installed_packages property:

.. code:: python

>>> env.installed_packages
[('django', '1.5'), ('wsgiref', '0.1.2')]
  • A list of package names is also available in the same manner:

.. code:: python

>>> env.installed_package_names
['django', 'wsgiref']
  • Search for a package on PyPI (changed in 2.1.5: this now returns a dictionary instead of list):

.. code:: python

>>> env.search('virtualenv-api')
{'virtualenv-api': 'An API for virtualenv/pip'}
>>> len(env.search('requests'))
231
  • The old functionality (pre 2.1.5) of env.search may be used:

.. code:: python

>>> list(env.search('requests').items())
[('virtualenv-api', 'An API for virtualenv/pip')]

Verbose output from each command is available in the environment's build.log file, which is appended to with each operation. Any errors are logged to build.err.

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