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tox-gh-actions
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tox-gh-actions

Seamless integration of tox into GitHub Actions for tox 3 and 4

by Yusuke Miyazaki

2.9.1 (see all)License:MIT
pypi i tox-gh-actions
Readme

tox-gh-actions

PyPI version PyPI Supported Python Versions GitHub Actions (Tests) codecov

tox-gh-actions is a tox plugin which helps running tox on GitHub Actions with multiple different Python versions on multiple workers in parallel. This project is inspired by tox-travis.

If you want to use this plugin with tox v4, please check the tox4 branch.

Features

When running tox on GitHub Actions, tox-gh-actions

Usage

  1. Add configurations under [gh-actions] section along with tox's configuration.

  2. Install tox-gh-actions package in the GitHub Actions workflow before running tox command.

Examples

Basic Example

The following configuration will create 4 jobs when running the workflow on GitHub Actions.

  • On Python 3.7 job, tox runs py37 environment
  • On Python 3.8 job, tox runs py38 environment
  • On Python 3.9 job, tox runs py39 environment
  • On Python 3.10 job, tox runs py310 and mypy environments

tox-gh-actions Configuration

Add [gh-actions] section to the same file as tox's configuration.

If you're using tox.ini:

[tox]
envlist = py37, py38, py39, py310, mypy

[gh-actions]
python =
    3.7: py37
    3.8: py38
    3.9: py39
    3.10: py310, mypy

[testenv]
...

If you're using setup.cfg:

[tox:tox]
envlist = py37, py38, py39, py310, mypy

[gh-actions]
python =
    3.7: py37
    3.8: py38
    3.9: py39
    3.10: py310, mypy

[testenv]
...

If you're using pyproject.toml:

[tool.tox]
legacy_tox_ini = """
[tox]
envlist = py37, py38, py39, py310, mypy

[gh-actions]
python =
    3.7: py37
    3.8: py38
    3.9: py39
    3.10: py310, mypy

[testenv]
"""

Workflow Configuration

.github/workflows/<workflow>.yml:

name: Python package

on:
  - push
  - pull_request

jobs:
  build:
    runs-on: ubuntu-latest
    strategy:
      matrix:
        python-version: ['3.7', '3.8', '3.9', '3.10']

    steps:
    - uses: actions/checkout@v1
    - name: Set up Python ${{ matrix.python-version }}
      uses: actions/setup-python@v2
      with:
        python-version: ${{ matrix.python-version }}
    - name: Install dependencies
      run: |
        python -m pip install --upgrade pip
        python -m pip install tox tox-gh-actions
    - name: Test with tox
      run: tox

Advanced Examples

Factor-Conditional Settings: Python Version

The following configuration will create 2 jobs when running the workflow on GitHub Actions.

  • On Python 2.7 job, tox runs py27-django111 environment
  • On Python 3.7 job, tox runs py37-django111 and py37-django20 environments

tox.ini:

[tox]
envlist = py27-django{111}, py37-django{111,20}

[gh-actions]
python =
    2.7: py27
    3.7: py37

[testenv]
...

When using pre-release versions of Python, please do not specify -beta or -dev in tox.ini.

.github/workflows/<workflow>.yml:

...
jobs:
  build:
    strategy:
      matrix:
        python-version: [3.9, 3.10.0-beta.3]
...

tox.ini:

[tox]
envlist = py39, py310

[gh-actions]
python =
    3.9: py39
    3.10: py310
    # The following won't work
    # 3.10-beta.3: py310
    # 3.10-dev: py310

[testenv]
...

PyPy is also supported in the python configuration key. Support of Pyston is experimental and not tested by our CI.

tox.ini:

[tox]
envlist = py27, py38, pypy2, pypy3, pyston38

[gh-actions]
python =
    2.7: py27
    3.8: py38, mypy
    pypy-2.7: pypy2
    pypy-3.7: pypy3
    pyston-3.8: pyston38

[testenv]
...

[testenv:pyston38]
basepython = pyston38

You can also specify without minor versions in the python configuration key.

tox.ini:

[tox]
envlist = py2, py3, pypy2, pypy3

[gh-actions]
python =
    2: py2
    3: py3, mypy
    pypy-2: pypy2
    pypy-3: pypy3

    # Using pypy2 and pypy3 as a key in still supported for backward compatibility
    # but the support will be removed in tox-gh-actions v3.
    # pypy2: pypy2
    # pypy3: pypy3

[testenv]
...

If there are multiple matching Python versions in the configuration, only the most precise one is used. For example, if you are running CPython 3.8 and gh-actions.python has both 3 and 3.8, tox-gh-actions gets factors only from the key 3.8.

Factor-Conditional Settings: Environment Variable

You can also use environment variable to decide which environment to run. The following is an example to install different dependency based on platform. It will create 12 jobs when running the workflow on GitHub Actions.

  • On Python 2.7/ubuntu-latest job, tox runs py27-linux environment
  • On Python 3.6/ubuntu-latest job, tox runs py36-linux environment
  • and so on.

.github/workflows/<workflow>.yml:

name: Python package

on:
  - push
  - pull_request

jobs:
  build:
    runs-on: ${{ matrix.platform }}
    strategy:
      matrix:
        platform: [ubuntu-latest, macos-latest, windows-latest]
        python-version: [2.7, 3.6, 3.7, 3.8]

    steps:
    - uses: actions/checkout@v1
    - name: Set up Python ${{ matrix.python-version }}
      uses: actions/setup-python@v2
      with:
        python-version: ${{ matrix.python-version }}
    - name: Install dependencies
      run: |
        python -m pip install --upgrade pip
        python -m pip install tox tox-gh-actions
    - name: Test with tox
      run: tox
      env:
        PLATFORM: ${{ matrix.platform }}

tox.ini:

[tox]
envlist = py{27,36,37,38}-{linux,macos,windows}

[gh-actions]
python =
    2.7: py27
    3.6: py36
    3.7: py37
    3.8: py38

[gh-actions:env]
PLATFORM =
    ubuntu-latest: linux
    macos-latest: macos
    windows-latest: windows

[testenv]
deps =
  <common dependency>
  linux: <Linux specific deps>
  macos: <macOS specific deps>
  windows: <Windows specific deps>
...

See tox's documentation about factor-conditional settings as well.

Overriding Environments to Run

Changed in 2.0: When a list of environments to run is specified explicitly via -e option or TOXENV environment variable (tox's help), tox-gh-actions respects the given environments and simply runs the given environments without enforcing its configuration.

Before 2.0, tox-gh-actions was always enforcing its configuration even when a list of environments is given explicitly.

Versioning

This project follows PEP 440 and uses a format of major.minor.patch (X.Y.Z). The major version (X) will be incremented when we make backward incompatible changes to a public API. The public API of this project is the configuration of tox-gh-actions. The major version can be also incremented when we require a new version of tox.

This project tries not to introduce backward incompatibles changes as much as possible so that users don't need to update their project's configuration too frequently.

Understanding Behavior of tox-gh-actions

How tox-gh-actions Works

See ARCHITECTURE.md for more details.

Logging

tox-gh-actions writes log messages using tox.reporter. This is handy for understanding behavior of tox-gh-actions and for debugging tox-gh-actions. To see the log messages, please run tox -vv.

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