stix-shifter-threatbus

🚌 Threat Bus – A threat intelligence dissemination layer for open-source security tools.

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Threat Bus

A threat intelligence dissemination layer for open-source security tools.

PyPI Status Build Status Total alerts Language grade: Python Development Status Latest Release License

Getting Started β€” Contributing Guidelines β€” Writing Plugins β€” License β€” Documentation

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Key Features

  • Connect Open-Source Security Tools: Threat Bus is a pub-sub broker for threat intelligence data. With Threat Bus you can seamlessly integrate threat intel platforms like OpenCTI or MISP with detection tools and databases like Zeek or VAST.

  • Native STIX-2: Threat Bus transports indicators and sightings encoded as per the STIX-2 open format specification.

  • Plugin-based Architecture: The project is plugin-based and can be extended easily. Read about the different plugin types and how to write your own. We welcome contributions to adopt new open source tools!

  • Official Plugins: We maintain many plugins right in the official Threat Bus repository. Check out our integrations for MISP, Zeek, CIFv3, and generally apps that connect via ZeroMQ, like vast-threatbus and our OpenCTI connector.

  • Snapshotting: The snapshot feature allows subscribers to directly request threat intelligence data for a certain time range from other applications. Threat Bus handles the point-to-point communication of all involved apps.

Getting Started

The config.yaml.example file provides a working configuration for Threat Bus with all existing application plugins enabled together with the RabbitMQ backbone.

The following example shows how to connect Zeek via Threat Bus. There are more integrations available, so make sure to check out all Threat Bus projects on PyPI.

The example assumes that threatbus is available in your PATH. See the section on Installation below for more information on how to get there.

Start Threat Bus

threatbus

Start with a specially named config file

The config.yaml.example file in this directory gives an overview of the available config keys and their default values.

threatbus -c /path/to/your/special-config.yaml

Environment variables take precedence over config file values. Prefix everything with THREATBUS_

export THREATBUS_LOGGING__CONSOLE=true
threatbus -c /path/to/your/special-config.yaml

Note that you must use a double underscores __ in your env to refer to nested config variables.

Start Zeek as Threat Bus app

zeek -i <INTERFACE> -C ./apps/zeek/threatbus.zeek

Start Zeek and request a snapshot

zeek -i <INTERFACE> -C ./apps/zeek/threatbus.zeek "Tenzir::snapshot_intel=30 days"

Threat Bus also ships as pre-built Docker image and is available on Docker Hub.

Use the Threat Bus Docker container

docker run tenzir/threatbus:latest --help

Start Threat Bus container with a custom config file

docker run -p 47661:47661 -v $PWD/my-custom-config.yaml:/opt/tenzir/threatbus/my-custom-config.yaml tenzir/threatbus:latest -c my-custom-config.yaml

Tip: Threat Bus checks for config files with default names. If you mount your config file to /opt/tenzir/threatbus/config.yaml, you can start the application without specifying the config file location with the -c parameter.

Installation

Install threatbus and all plugins that you require. Optionally, use a virtual environment.

Note that Threat Bus requires at least Python 3.7+, earlier versions are not supported.

virtualenv venv                       # optional
source venv/bin/activate              # optional
pip install threatbus
pip install threatbus-inmem           # inmemory backbone plugin
pip install threatbus-rabbitmq        # RabbitMQ backbone plugin
pip install threatbus-misp[zmq]       # MISP application plugin
pip install threatbus-zeek            # Zeek application plugin
pip install threatbus-zmq             # ZeroMQ application plugin
pip install threatbus-<plugin_name>

Testing

Use the Makefile to run unit and integration tests.

make unit-tests
make integration-tests

The integration tests require a local Zeek and Docker installation.

Development

Setup a virtual environment and install threatbus and some plugins with the in development mode:

virtualenv venv
source venv/bin/activate
make dev-mode

Configuration & Extension

A plugin must define a setup.py. Whenever a plugin is installed, you have to add a corresponding configuration section to threatbus' config.yaml. That section has to be named after the name in the entrypoint declaration of the plugin's setup.py file.

Please adhere to the plugin naming conventions and always prefix your plugin name with threatbus-.

Plugins can either be apps or backbones. Application plugins (apps) add new functionality to Threat Bus and allow communication to a specific app and/or via a specific protocol (e.g., ZeroMQ or Zeek/broker). Backbone plugins add a new storage and distribution backend to Threat Bus (e.g., in-memory or RabbitMQ).

Example:

  • plugin folder structure:
    plugins
    β”œβ”€β”€ apps
    |   └── threatbus-myapp
    β”‚       β”œβ”€β”€ setup.py
    |       └── threatbus_myapp.py
    └── backbones
        └── threatbus-inmem
            β”œβ”€β”€ setup.py
            └── threatbus_inmem.py
    
  • setup.py
    from setuptools import setup
    setup(
      name="threatbus-myapp",
      install_requires="threatbus",
      entry_points={"threatbus.app": ["myapp = threatbus_myapp"]},
      py_modules=["threatbus_myapp"],
    )
    
  • config.yaml entry for threatbus
    ...
    plugins:
      apps:
        myapp:
        ...
    

Threat Bus API

Plugins specifications are available in threatbus/appspecs.py and threatbus/backbonespecs.py, respectively. For any plugin, you should at least implement the run function.

App plugins are provided two callback functions to use for subscription management. Internally, Threat Bus will propagate subscription requests to all installed backbone plugins.

The subscription callback allows applications to request an optional snapshot time delta. Threat Bus will forward snapshot requests to all those apps that have implemented the snapshot feature (see threatbus/appspecs.py).

Implementation

Please use the StoppableWorker base class to model your plugin's busy work. Plugins should never block the main thread of the application. Implementing that class also facilitates a graceful shutdown.

All officially maintained Threat Bus plugins implement StoppableWorker. Refer to any of the existing plugins for an example.

License

Threat Bus comes with a 3-clause BSD license.

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