Ergonomic bindings for nanomsg next generation (nng), in Python. pynng provides a nice interface on top of the full power of nng. nng, and therefore pynng, make it easy to communicate between processes on a single computer or computers across a network. This library is compatible with Python ≥ 3.5. nng is the rewriting of Nanomsg, which is the spiritual successor to ZeroMQ.
Provide a Pythonic, works-out-of-the box library on Windows and Unix-y platforms. Like nng itself, the license is MIT, so it can be used without restriction.
On Windows, MacOS, and Linux, the usual
pip3 install pynng
should suffice. Note that on 32-bit Linux and on macOS no binary distributions are available, so CMake is also required.
Building from the GitHub repo works as well, natch:
git clone https://github.com/codypiersall/pynng cd pynng pip3 install -e .
(If you want to run tests, you also need to
pip3 install trio curio pytest pytest-asyncio pytest-trio pytest-curio,
then just run
pynng might work on the BSDs as well. Who knows!
Using pynng is easy peasy:
from pynng import Pair0 s1 = Pair0() s1.listen('tcp://127.0.0.1:54321') s2 = Pair0() s2.dial('tcp://127.0.0.1:54321') s1.send(b'Well hello there') print(s2.recv()) s1.close() s2.close()
Since pynng sockets support setting most parameters in the socket's
method and is a context manager, the above code can be written much shorter:
from pynng import Pair0 with Pair0(listen='tcp://127.0.0.1:54321') as s1, \ Pair0(dial='tcp://127.0.0.1:54321') as s2: s1.send(b'Well hello there') print(s2.recv())
Asynchronous sending also works with
import pynng import trio async def send_and_recv(sender, receiver, message): await sender.asend(message) return await receiver.arecv() with pynng.Pair0(listen='tcp://127.0.0.1:54321') as s1, \ pynng.Pair0(dial='tcp://127.0.0.1:54321') as s2: received = trio.run(send_and_recv, s1, s2, b'hello there old pal!') assert received == b'hello there old pal!'
Many other protocols are available as well:
Pair0: one-to-one, bidirectional communication.
Pair1: one-to-one, bidirectional communication, but also supporting polyamorous sockets
Sub0: publish/subscribe sockets.
Respondent0: Broadcast a survey to respondents, e.g. to find out what services are available.
Rep0: request/response pattern.
Pull0: Aggregate messages from multiple sources and load balance among many destinations.
Some examples (okay, just two examples) are available in the examples directory.
The only stable branch is
master. There will never be a
git push -f
on master. On the other hand, all other branches are not considered stable;
they may be deleted, rebased, force-pushed, and any other manner of funky