py2

py2many

Python to CLike languages transpiler

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py2many: Python to many CLike languages transpiler

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Why

Python is popular, easy to program in, but has poor runtime performance. We can fix that by transpiling a subset of the language into a more performant, statically typed language.

A second benefit is security. Writing security sensitive code in a low level language like C is error prone and could lead to privilege escalation. Specialized languages such as wuffs exist to address this use case. py2many can be a more general purpose solution to the problem where you can verify the source via unit tests before you transpile.

A third potential use case is to accelerate python code by transpiling it into an extension

Swift and Kotlin dominate the mobile app development workflow. However, there is no one solution that works well for lower level libraries where there is desire to share code between platforms. Kotlin Mobile Multiplatform (KMM) is a player in this place, but it hasn't really caught on. py2many provides an alternative.

Lastly, it's a great educational tool to learn a new language by implementing a backend for your favorite language.

Status

Rust is the language where the focus of development has been. C++14 is historically the first language to be supported.

Preliminary support exists for Julia, Kotlin, Nim, Go and Dart.

py2many can also emit Python 3 code that includes inferred type annotations, and revisions to the syntax intended to simplify parsing of the code.

History

Based on Julian Konchunas' pyrs http://github.com/konchunas/pyrs

Based on Lukas Martinelli Py14 (https://github.com/lukasmartinelli/py14) and Py14/python-3 (https://github.com/ProgVal/py14/tree/python-3) branch by Valentin Lorentz.

Example

Original Python version.

def fib(i: int) -> int:
    if i == 0 or i == 1:
        return 1
    return fib(i - 1) + fib(i - 2)

Transpiled Rust code:

fn fib(i: i32) -> i32 {
    if i == 0 || i == 1 {
        return 1;
    }
    return (fib((i - 1)) + fib((i - 2)));
}

Transpiled code for other languages:

https://github.com/adsharma/py2many/tree/main/tests/expected (fib*)

Trying it out

Requirements:

  • python 3
  • clang
  • rustc

Local installation:

./setup.py install --user  # installs to $HOME/.local

OR

sudo ./setup.py install  # installs systemwide

Add the py2many script to your $PATH and run:

Transpiling:

py2many --cpp=1 /tmp/fib.py
py2many --rust=1 /tmp/fib.py
py2many --julia=1 /tmp/fib.py
py2many --kotlin=1 /tmp/fib.py
py2many --nim=1 /tmp/fib.py
py2many --dart=1 /tmp/fib.py
py2many --go=1 /tmp/fib.py

Compiling:

clang fib.cpp
rustc fib.rs
...

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