pinax-badges

a badges app for Django

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Pinax Badges

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About Pinax

Pinax is an open-source platform built on the Django Web Framework. It is an ecosystem of reusable Django apps, themes, and starter project templates. This collection can be found at http://pinaxproject.com.

Where you can find what you need:

pinax-badges

Overview

As a reusable Django app, pinax-badges provides the ecosystem with a well tested, documented, and proven badges application for awarding badges to users in Django.

It provides simple abstractions over awarding users badges for completing tasks, including multi-level badges, and repeatable badges, making it super simple to add badges to a Django project.

Supported Django and Python Versions

Django / Python3.63.73.8
2.2***
3.0***

Documentation

Installation

To install pinax-badges:

    $ pip install pinax-badges

Add pinax.badges to your INSTALLED_APPS setting:

    INSTALLED_APPS = [
        # other apps
        "pinax.badges",
    ]

Add pinax.badges.urls to your project urlpatterns:

    urlpatterns = [
        # other urls
        url(r"^badges/", include("pinax.badges.urls", namespace="pinax_badges")),
    ]

Usage

pinax.badges.base.Badge

Pinax Badges works by allowing you to define your badges as subclasses of a common Badge class and registering them with pinax-badges. For example if your site gave users points, and you wanted to award three ranks of badges based on how many points a user had your badge might look like this:

    from pinax.badges.base import Badge, BadgeAwarded
    from pinax.badges.registry import badges

    class PointsBadge(Badge):
        slug = "points"
        levels = [
            "Bronze",
            "Silver",
            "Gold",
        ]
        events = [
            "points_awarded",
        ]
        multiple = False

        def award(self, **state):
            user = state["user"]
            points = user.get_profile().points
            if points > 10000:
                return BadgeAwarded(level=3)
            elif points > 7500:
                return BadgeAwarded(level=2)
            elif points > 5000:
                return BadgeAwarded(level=1)


    badges.register(PointsBadge)

There are a few relevant attributes and methods here.

slug

The unique identifier for this Badge, it should never change.

levels

A list of the levels available for this badge (if this badge doesn't have levels it should just be a list with one item). It can either be a list of strings, which are the names of the levels, or a list of pinax.badges.base.BadgeDetail which have both names and description.

events

A list of events that can possibly trigger this badge to be awarded. How events are triggered is described in further detail below.

multiple

A boolean specifying whether or not this badge can be awarded to the same user multiple times, currently if this badge has multiple levels this must be False.

award(self, **state)

This method returns whether or not a user should be awarded this badge. state is guaranteed to have a "user" key, as well as any other custom data you provide. It should return either a BadgeAwarded instance, or None. If this Badge doesn't have multiple levels BadgeAwarded doesn't need to be provided an explicit level.

Note: BadgeAwarded.level is 1-indexed.

Now that you have your PointsBadge class you need to be able to tell Pinax Badges when to try to give it to a user. To do this, any time a user might have received a badge just call badges.possibly_award_badge with the name of the event, and whatever state these events might need and Pinax Badges will handle the details of seeing what badges need to be awarded to the user:

    from pinax.badges.registry import badges

    def my_view(request):
        if request.method == "POST":
            # do some things
            request.user.profile.award_points(15)
            badges.possibly_award_badge("points_awarded", user=request.user)
        # more view

By default badges will be awarded at the current time, if you need to override the award time of the badge you can pass a force_timestamp keyword argument to possibly_award_badge().

Asynchronous Badges

Important To use asynchronous badges you must have celery installed and configured.

If your Badge.award() method takes a long time to compute it may be prohibitively expensive to call during the request/response cycle. To solve this problem Pinax Badges provides an async_ option to Badges. If this is True Pinax Badges will defer calling your award() method, using celery, and it will be called at a later time, by another process (read the celery docs for more information on how celery works).

Because award() won't be called until later you can define a freeze() method which allows you to provide and additional state that you'll need to compute award() correctly. This may be necessary because your Badge requires some mutable state.

    class AddictBadge(Badge):
        # stuff
        async_ = True

        def freeze(self, **state):
            state["current_day"] = datetime.today()
            return state

In this example badge the user will be awarded the AddictBadge when they've visited the site every day for a month, this is expensive to calculate so it will be done outside the request/response cycle. However, what happens if they visit the site right before midnight, and then the award() method isn't actually called until the next day? Using the freeze method you can provide additional state to the award() method.

Models

Module: pinax.badges.models

BadgeAward
  • user - The user who was awarded this badge.
  • awarded_at - The datetime that this badge was awarded at.
  • slug - The slug for the Badge that this refers to.
  • name - The name for the Badge this refers to, for the appropriate level.
  • description - The description for the Badge this refers to, for the appropriate level.

Signals

Module: pinax.badges.signals

pinax-badges makes one signal available to developers.

badge_awarded

This signal is sent whenever a badge is awarded to a user. It provides a single argument, badge, which is an instance of pinax.badges.models.BadgeAward.

Template Tags

Module: pinax.badges.templatetags.pinax_badges_tags

pinax-badges offers a number of template tags for your convenience, which are available in the pinax_badges_tags library.

badge_count

This tag returns the number of badges that have been awarded to this user, it can either set a value in context, or simple display the count. To display the count its syntax is:

    {% badge_count user %}

To get the count as a template variable:

    {% badge_count user as badges %}
badges_for_user

This tag provides a QuerySet of all of a user's badges, ordered by when they were awarded, descending, and makes them available as a template variable. The QuerySet is composed of pinax.badges.models.BadgeAward instances.

    {% badges_for_user user as badges %}

Templates

Templates are supplied by the user, in a pinax/badges/ subfolder in your project template search path.

badges.html

Lists all badges.

Context data: A sorted iterable of badge dictionaries keyed by badge slug:

"badges": 
[ 
    "<badge slug>": {
        "level": val,  # badge level
        "name": val,  # badge level name
        "description": val,  # badge level description
        "count": val,  # badge count
        "user_has": val,  # name and level of badges of this type earned by user
    },
]

badge_detail.html

Context data:

"badge": badge,  # badge to be displayed
"badge_count": badge_count,  # number of times it has been awarded
"latest_awards": latest_awards,  # most recent awards of badge

Change Log

3.0.0

  • Drop Django 1.11, 2.0, and 2.1, and Python 2,7, 3.4, and 3.5 support
  • Add Django 2.2 and 3.0, and Python 3.6, 3.7, and 3.8 support
  • Update packaging configs
  • Direct users to community resources

2.0.3

  • Add Python 3.7 to the support versions matrix due to change made in v2.0.1
  • Change detox to tox --parallel

2.0.2

  • Don't fail when importing pinax.badges.tasks if celery is not installed.

2.0.1

  • Change Badge.async attribute to Badge.async_ since async is now a keyword in Python 3.7. This was implemented in a backwards compatible way so Badge.async is still valid in older Python versions.

2.0.0

  • Add Django 2.0 compatibility testing
  • Drop Django 1.8, 1.9, 1.10, and Python 3.3 support
  • Add application URL namespacing
  • Move documentation into README and standardize layout
  • Convert CI and coverage to CircleCi and CodeCov
  • Add PyPi-compatible long description

History

It was built by Eldarion as brabeion for use in Typewar and donated to Pinax in August 2017.

Contribute

Contributing information can be found in the Pinax community health file repo.

Code of Conduct

In order to foster a kind, inclusive, and harassment-free community, the Pinax Project has a Code of Conduct. We ask you to treat everyone as a smart human programmer that shares an interest in Python, Django, and Pinax with you.

Connect with Pinax

For updates and news regarding the Pinax Project, please follow us on Twitter @pinaxproject and check out our Pinax Project blog.

License

Copyright (c) 2012-present James Tauber and contributors under the MIT license.

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