knack

Knack - A Python command line interface framework

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Knack

.. image:: https://img.shields.io/pypi/v/knack.svg :target: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/knack

.. image:: https://img.shields.io/pypi/pyversions/knack.svg :target: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/knack

.. image:: https://dev.azure.com/azure-sdk/public/_apis/build/status/cli/microsoft.knack?branchName=dev :target: https://dev.azure.com/azure-sdk/public/_build/latest?definitionId=1643&branchName=dev


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A Command-Line Interface framework

Installation is easy via pip:

.. code-block:: bash

pip install knack

Knack can be installed as a non-privileged user to your home directory by adding "--user" as below:

.. code-block:: bash

pip install knack --user

.. note:: The project is in initial development phase <https://semver.org/#how-should-i-deal-with-revisions-in-the-0yz-initial-development-phase>__. We recommend pinning to at least a specific minor version when marking knack as a dependency in your project.


Usage

.. code-block:: python

import sys
from collections import OrderedDict

from knack import CLI, ArgumentsContext, CLICommandsLoader
from knack.commands import CommandGroup


def abc_str(length=3):
    import string
    return string.ascii_lowercase[:length]


class MyCommandsLoader(CLICommandsLoader):
    def load_command_table(self, args):
        with CommandGroup(self, 'abc', '__main__#{}') as g:
            g.command('str', 'abc_str')
        return OrderedDict(self.command_table)

    def load_arguments(self, command):
        with ArgumentsContext(self, 'abc str') as ac:
            ac.argument('length', type=int)
        super(MyCommandsLoader, self).load_arguments(command)


mycli = CLI(cli_name='mycli', commands_loader_cls=MyCommandsLoader)
exit_code = mycli.invoke(sys.argv[1:])
sys.exit(exit_code)

# $ python mycli.py abc str
# "abc"

# $ python mycli.py abc str --length 5
# "abcde"

# $ python mycli.py abc str --length 100
# "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"

More samples and snippets are available at examples <https://github.com/Microsoft/knack/tree/dev/examples>__.

Documentation

Documentation is available at docs <https://github.com/Microsoft/knack/tree/dev/docs>__.

Developer Setup

In a virtual environment, install the requirements.txt file.

.. code-block:: bash

pip install -r requirements.txt
pip install -e .

Run Automation

This project supports running automation using tox <https://tox.readthedocs.io/en/latest/>__.

.. code-block:: bash

pip install tox
tox

Real-world uses

  • Azure CLI <https://github.com/Azure/azure-cli/>__: The Azure CLI 2.0 is Azure's new command line experience for managing Azure resources.
  • VSTS CLI <https://github.com/Microsoft/vsts-cli>__: A command-line interface for Visual Studio Team Services (VSTS) and Team Foundation Server (TFS). With the VSTS CLI, you can manage and work with resources including pull requests, work items, builds, and more.
  • Service Fabric CLI <https://github.com/Azure/service-fabric-cli>__: A command-line interface for interacting with Azure Service Fabric clusters and their related entities.

Do you use knack in your CLI as well? Open a pull request to include it here. We would love to have it in our list.

Release History

See GitHub Releases <https://github.com/Microsoft/knack/releases>__.

Contribute Code

This project has adopted the Microsoft Open Source Code of Conduct <https://opensource.microsoft.com/codeofconduct/>__.

For more information see the Code of Conduct FAQ <https://opensource.microsoft.com/codeofconduct/faq/> or contact opencode@microsoft.com <mailto:opencode@microsoft.com> with any additional questions or comments.

If you would like to become an active contributor to this project, please follow the instructions provided in Contribution License Agreement <https://cla.microsoft.com/>__.

License

Knack is licensed under MIT <LICENSE>__.

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