kapture

kapture is a file format as well as a set of tools for manipulating datasets, and in particular Visual Localization and Structure from Motion data.

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KAPTURE

Continuous Integration
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Overview

Kapture is a pivot file format, based on text and binary files, used to describe SfM (Structure From Motion) and more generally sensor-acquired data.

It can be used to store sensor parameters and raw sensor data:

  • cameras

  • images

  • lidar and other sensor data

As well as computed data:

  • 2d features

  • 3d reconstruction

Finally, many popular datasets can directly be downloaded using the convenient downloader!

Specifications

The format specification is detailed in the kapture format specifications document.

Example File Structure

This is an example file structure of a dataset in the kapture format.

my_dataset                 # Dataset root path
├─ sensors/                # Sensor data root path
│  ├─ sensors.txt          # list of all sensors with their specifications (e.g. camera intrinsics)
│  ├─ rigs.txt             # geometric relationship between sensors (optional)
│  ├─ trajectories.txt     # extrinsics (timestamp, sensor, pose)
│  ├─ records_camera.txt   # all records of type 'camera' (timestamp, sensor and path to image)
│  ├─ records_SENSOR_TYPE.txt # all records of type SENSOR_TYPE (other sensors, eg: 'magnetic', 'pressure'...)
│  └─ records_data/            # image and lidar data path
│     ├─ map/cam_01/00001.jpg  # image path used in records_camera.txt (example)
│     ├─ map/cam_01/00002.jpg
│     ├─ map/lidar_01/0001.pcd # lidar data path used in records_lidar.txt
│     ├─ query/query001.jpg    # image path used in records_camera.txt
│     ├─ ...
└─ reconstruction/
   ├─ keypoints/                       # 2D keypoints files
   │  ├─ r2d2_WASF-N8_20k              # identify the type of keypoints
   │  │  ├─ keypoints.txt              # type of keypoint (shape and dtype)
   │  │  ├─ map/cam_01/00001.jpg.kpt   # keypoints for corresponding image (example)
   │  │  ├─ query/query001.jpg.kpt     # keypoints for corresponding image (example)
   │  │  ├─ ...
   │  ├─ d2_tf                         # identify the type of keypoints
   │  │  ├─ keypoints.txt              # type of keypoint (shape and dtype)
   │  │  ├─ keypoints.tar              # instead of regular files, you can use an archive
   │  │  │  ├─ map/cam_01/00001.jpg.kpt   # keypoints for corresponding image (example)
   │  │  │  ├─ query/query001.jpg.kpt     # keypoints for corresponding image (example)
   │  │  │  ├─ ...
   │  ├─ ...
   ├─ descriptors/                     # keypoint descriptors files
   │  ├─ r2d2_WASF-N8_20k              # identify the type of descriptors
   │  │  ├─ descriptors.txt            # type of descriptor (keypoints type, shape and dtype)
   │  │  ├─ map/cam_01/00001.jpg.desc  # descriptors for corresponding image (example)
   │  │  ├─ query/query001.jpg.desc    # descriptors for corresponding image (example)
   │  │  ├─ ...
   │  ├─ d2_tf                         # identify the type of descriptors
   │  │  ├─ descriptors.txt            # type of descriptor
   │  │  ├─ descriptors.tar            # instead of regular files, you can use an archive
   │  │  │  ├─ map/cam_01/00001.jpg.desc  # descriptors for corresponding image (example)
   │  │  │  ├─ query/query001.jpg.desc    # descriptors for corresponding image (example)
   │  │  │  ├─ ...
   │  ├─ ...
   ├─ points3d.txt                  # 3D points of the reconstruction
   ├─ observations.txt              # 2D/3D points corespondences
   ├─ matches/                      # matches files.
   │  ├─ r2d2_WASF-N8_20k           # identify the type of keypoints that are matched
   │  │  ├─ map/cam_01/00001.jpg.overlapping/cam_01/00002.jpg.matches # example
   │  │  ├─  ...
   │  ├─ d2_tf                      # identify the type of keypoints that are matched
   │  │  ├─ matches.tar             # instead of regular files, you can use an archive
   │  │  │  ├─ map/cam_01/00001.jpg.overlapping/cam_01/00002.jpg.matches # example
   │  │  │  ├─  ...
   │  ├─ ...
   └─ global_features/                 # global feature files
      ├─ AP-GeM-LM18                   # identify the type of global_features
      │  ├─ global_features.txt        # type of global feature
      │  ├─ map/cam_01/00001.jpg.gfeat # example of global feature for corresponding image
      │  ├─ query/query001.jpg.gfeat   # example of global feature for corresponding image
      │  └─ ...
      ├─ DELG                          # identify the type of global_features
      │  ├─ global_features.txt        # type of global feature
      │  ├─ global_features.tar        # instead of regular files, you can use an archive
      │  │  ├─ map/cam_01/00001.jpg.gfeat # example of global feature for corresponding image
      │  │  ├─ query/query001.jpg.gfeat   # example of global feature for corresponding image
      │  │  └─ ...
      ├─ ...

Software

The kapture format is provided with a Python library, as well as several conversion tools.

Install

pip install kapture

or see installation for more detailed instructions.

Using docker

Build the docker image:

# build the docker image : if you have already cloned the repository
docker build . -t kapture/kapture
# OR build the docker image directly from github
docker build git://github.com/naver/kapture -t kapture/kapture
# run unit tests
docker run -it --rm kapture/kapture python3 -m unittest discover -s /opt/src/kapture/tests

If you want to process your own data, you can bind directories between the host and the container using --volume or --mount option (See the docker documentation). The following example mounts /path/to/dataset/ from the host to /dataset inside the docker.

docker run -it \
    --rm \ # Automatically remove the container when it exits \
    --volume /path/to/dataset/:/dataset:ro \ #read only
    kapture/kapture

kapture Python library

See the tutorial for some examples using the kapture Python library.

kapture tools

In this repository, you will find a set of conversion tools to or from kapture format. Import results to kapture format, and conversely, export converts kapture data to other formats. Depending of the format, some data might not be converted, either because the other format does not support it () or because its was not implemented (). Here is a table summarizing the conversion capabilities:

conversion capabilities
Format ← → cam rig img trj gps kpt dsc gft p3D obs mch

colmap

import

(✓)

export

(✓)

openmvg

import

(✓)

export

(✓)

(✓)

(✓)

OpenSfM

import

export

bundler

import

image_folder

import

image_list

import

nvm

import

IDL_dataset_cvpr17

import

RobotCar_Seasons

import

ROSbag cameras+trajectory

import

(✓)

(✓)

SILDa

import

virtual_gallery

import

  • : supported, (✓) partially supported, : not implemented, : not supported by format.

  • cam: handle camera parameters, eg. intrisics

  • rig: handle rig structure.

  • img: handle the path to images.

  • trj: handle trajectories, eg. poses.

  • kpt: handle image keypoints locations.

  • dsc: handle image keypoints descriptors.

  • gft: handle global image feature descriptors.

  • p3D: handle 3D point clouds.

  • obs: handle observations, ie. 3D-points / 2D keypoints correspondences.

  • mch: handle keypoints matches.

kapture support in other packages

Local Features

  • R2D2 local features can be directly generated in kapture format. See here

  • D2-Net features can also be extracted in kapture format. See instructions here.

Global Features

  • AP-GeM global feature extractor in kapture format: here

Datasets

The kapture package provides conversion tools for several data formats and datasets used in the domain. But it also provides a tool to download datasets already converted to kapture. See the kapture tutorial for instructions to use the dataset downloader.

Here is a list of datasets you can directly download in kapture format with the downloader tool:

kapture-localization

Checkout kapture-localization, our toolbox which contains implementations for various localization related algorithms.

  • mapping and localization pipelines with custom features

  • mapping and localization pipelines with SIFT and vocabulary tree matching (default colmap pipeline)

  • image retrieval benchmark (global sfm, local sfm, pose approximation)

Tutorial

See the kapture tutorial for a short introduction to:

  • conversion tools

  • using kapture in your code

  • dataset download

Contributing

There are many ways to contribute to the kapture project:

  • provide feedback and suggestions of improvements

  • submit bug reports in the project bug tracker

  • provide a dataset in kapture format that we can add to the downloader tool

  • implement a feature or bug-fix for an outstanding issue

  • add support of kapture format in other software packages (e.g. SfM pipelines…​), thus adding support for more datasets

  • provide scripts to create data in kapture format (e.g. local/global feature extraction)

  • propose a new feature and implement it

If you wish to contribute, please refer to the CONTRIBUTING page.

License

Software license is detailed in the LICENSE file.

Contact Us

You can contact us through GitHub, or at kapture at naverlabs + com

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