eks-rolling-update

EKS Rolling Update is a utility for updating the launch configuration of worker nodes in an EKS cluster.

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EKS Rolling Update

EKS Rolling Update

EKS Rolling Update is a utility for updating the launch configuration or template of worker nodes in an EKS cluster.

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Intro

EKS Rolling Update is a utility for updating the launch configuration or template of worker nodes in an EKS cluster. It updates worker nodes in a rolling fashion and performs health checks of your EKS cluster to ensure no disruption to service. To achieve this, it performs the following actions:

  • Pauses Kubernetes Autoscaler (Optional)
  • Finds a list of worker nodes that do not have a launch config or template that matches their ASG
  • Scales up the desired capacity
  • Ensures the ASGs are healthy and that the new nodes have joined the EKS cluster
  • Cordons the outdated worker nodes
  • Suspends AWS Autoscaling actions while update is in progress
  • Drains outdated EKS outdated worker nodes one by one
  • Terminates EC2 instances of the worker nodes one by one
  • Detaches EC2 instances from the ASG one by one
  • Scales down the ASG to original count (in case of failure)
  • Resumes AWS Autoscaling actions
  • Resumes Kubernetes Autoscaler (Optional)

Requirements

  • kubectl installed
  • KUBECONFIG environment variable set, or config available in ${HOME}/.kube/config per default
  • AWS credentials configured

IAM Requirements

The following IAM permissions are required:

autoscaling:DescribeAutoScalingGroups
autoscaling:TerminateInstanceInAutoScalingGroup
autoscaling:SuspendProcesses
autoscaling:ResumeProcesses
autoscaling:UpdateAutoScalingGroup
autoscaling:CreateOrUpdateTags
autoscaling:DeleteTags
ec2:DescribeLaunchTemplates
ec2:DescribeInstance

Installation

From PyPi

pip3 install eks-rolling-update

From source

virtualenv -p python3 venv
source venv/bin/activate
pip3 install -r requirements.txt

Usage

usage: eks_rolling_update.py [-h] --cluster_name CLUSTER_NAME [--plan]

Rolling update on cluster

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  --cluster_name CLUSTER_NAME, -c CLUSTER_NAME
                        the cluster name to perform rolling update on
  --plan, -p            perform a dry run to see which instances are out of
                        date

Example:

eks_rolling_update.py -c my-eks-cluster

Configuration

Core Configuration

Environment VariableDescriptionDefault
RUN_MODEOverall strategy for handling multiple ASGs & identifying nodes to roll. See Run Modes section below1
DRY_RUNIf True, only a query will be run to determine which worker nodes are outdated without running an update operationFalse
CLUSTER_HEALTH_WAITNumber of seconds to wait after ASG has been scaled up before checking health of nodes with the cluster90
CLUSTER_HEALTH_RETRYNumber of attempts to validate the health of the cluster after ASG has been scaled1
GLOBAL_MAX_RETRYNumber of attempts of a node health or instance termination check12
GLOBAL_HEALTH_WAITNumber of seconds to wait before retrying a health node health or instance termination check20
BETWEEN_NODES_WAITNumber of seconds to wait after removing a node before continuing on0
Environment VariableDescriptionDefault
ASG_DESIRED_STATE_TAGTemporary tag which will be saved to the ASG to store the state of the EKS cluster prior to updateeks-rolling-update:desired_capacity
ASG_ORIG_CAPACITY_TAGTemporary tag which will be saved to the ASG to store the state of the EKS cluster prior to updateeks-rolling-update:original_capacity
ASG_ORIG_MAX_CAPACITY_TAGTemporary tag which will be saved to the ASG to store the state of the EKS cluster prior to updateeks-rolling-update:original_max_capacity
ASG_NAMESList of space-delimited ASG names. Out of ASGs attached to the cluster, only these will be processed for rolling update. If this is left empty all ASGs of the cluster will be processed.""
BATCH_SIZE# of instances to scale the ASG by at a time. When set to 0, batching is disabled. See Batching section0
MAX_ALLOWABLE_NODE_AGEThe max age each node allowed to be. This works with RUN_MODE 4 as node rolling is updating based on age of node6
EXCLUDE_NODE_LABEL_KEYSList of space-delimited keys for node labels. Nodes with a label using one of these keys will be excluded from the node count when scaling the cluster.spotinst.io/node-lifecycle
ASG_USE_TERMINATION_POLICYPrefer ASG termination policy (instance terminate/detach handled by ASG according to configured termination policy)False
INSTANCE_WAIT_FOR_STOPPINGOnly wait for terminated instances to be in stopping or shutting-down state, instead of fully terminated or stoppedFalse

K8S Node & Pod Controls

Environment VariableDescriptionDefault
K8S_AUTOSCALER_ENABLEDIf True Kubernetes Autoscaler will be paused before running updateFalse
K8S_AUTOSCALER_NAMESPACENamespace where Kubernetes Autoscaler is deployeddefault
K8S_AUTOSCALER_DEPLOYMENTDeployment name of Kubernetes Autoscalercluster-autoscaler
K8S_AUTOSCALER_REPLICASNumber of replicas to scale back up to after Kubernentes Autoscaler paused2
K8S_CONTEXTContext from the Kubernetes config to use. If this is left undefined the current-context is usedNone
K8S_PROXY_BYPASSSet to true to ignore HTTPS_PROXY and HTTP_PROXY and disable use of any configured proxy when talking to the K8S APIFalse
TAINT_NODESReplace the default cordon-before-drain strategy with NoSchedule tainting, as a workaround for K8S < 1.19 prematurely removing cordoned nodes from Service-managed LoadBalancersFalse
EXTRA_DRAIN_ARGSAdditional space-delimited args to supply to the kubectl drain function, e.g --force=true. See kubectl drain -h""
ENFORCED_DRAININGIf draining fails for a node due to corrupted PodDisruptionBudgets or failing pods, retry draining with --disable-eviction=true and --force=true for this node to prevent aborting the script. This is useful to get the rolling update done in development and testing environments and should not be used in productive environments since this will bypass checking PodDisruptionBudgetsFalse

Run Modes

There are a number of different values which can be set for the RUN_MODE environment variable.

1 is the default.

Mode NumberDescription
1Scale up and cordon/taint the outdated nodes of each ASG one-by-one, just before we drain them.
2Scale up and cordon/taint the outdated nodes of all ASGs all at once at the beginning of the run.
3Cordon/taint the outdated nodes of all ASGs at the beginning of the run but scale each ASG one-by-one.
4Roll EKS nodes based on age instead of launch config (works with MAX_ALLOWABLE_NODE_AGE with default 6 days value).

Each of them have different advantages and disadvantages.

  • Scaling up all ASGs at once may cause AWS EC2 instance limits to be exceeded
  • Only cordoning the nodes on a per-ASG basis will mean that pods are likely to be moved more than once
  • Cordoning the nodes for all ASGs at once could cause issues if new pods needs to start during the process

Batching

EKS Rolling Update can batch scale-out the ASG to progressively reach the desired instance count before it begins draining the nodes.

This is intended for use in cases where a large ASG scale-out may result in instances failing to register with EKS. Such a scenario is more likely to occur with larger ASGs where (for example) a 100 instance ASG may be asked to scale to 200 (temporarily). Users may find that some instances never register, and this causes EKS Rolling Update to hang indefinitely waiting for the registered EKS node count to match the instance count.

If this happens, you may want to consider batching.

For example, if the ASG will be scaled from 100 instances to 200 instances, specifying a batch size of 10 will result in the ASG first scaling to 110, then 120, 130, etc instances until 200 is reached. Once the desired count is reached, the tool will proceed with the normal draining/scale-in operations.

Examples

  • Plan
$ python eks_rolling_update.py --cluster_name YOUR_EKS_CLUSTER_NAME --plan
  • Apply Changes
$ python eks_rolling_update.py --cluster_name YOUR_EKS_CLUSTER_NAME
  • Cluster Autoscaler

If using cluster-autoscaler, you must let eks-rolling-update know that cluster-autoscaler is running in your cluster by exporting the following environment variables:

$ export  K8S_AUTOSCALER_ENABLED=true \
          K8S_AUTOSCALER_NAMESPACE="${CA_NAMESPACE}" \
          K8S_AUTOSCALER_DEPLOYMENT="${CA_DEPLOYMENT_NAME}"
  • Disable operations on cluster-autoscaler
$ unset K8S_AUTOSCALER_ENABLED
  • Configure tool via .env file

Rather than using environment variables, you can use a .env file within your working directory to load updater settings. e.g:

$ cat .env
DRY_RUN=1

Docker

Although no public Docker image is currently published for this project, feel free to use the included Dockerfile to build your own image.

make docker-dist version=1.0.DEV

After building the image, run using the command

docker run -ti --rm \
  -e AWS_DEFAULT_REGION \
  -v "${HOME}/.aws:/root/.aws" \
  -v "${HOME}/.kube/config:/root/.kube/config" \
  eks-rolling-update:latest \
  -c my-cluster

Pass in any additional environment variables and options as described elsewhere in this file.

Contributing

Please read CONTRIBUTING.md for details on our code of conduct, and the process for submitting pull requests to us.

License

This project is licensed under the Apache 2.0 License - see the LICENSE file for details

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