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django-spurl

A Django template library for manipulating URLs

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Super URLs for Django

.. code:: raw

           .=.,
          ;c =\
        __|  _/
      .'-'-._/-'-._
     /..   ____    \
    /  {% spurl %}  \
   (  / \--\_>/-/'._ )
    \-;_/\__;__/ _/ _/
     '._}|==o==\{_\/
      /  /-._.--\  \_
     // /   /|   \ \ \
    / | |   | \;  |  \ \
   / /  | :/   \: \   \_\
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  |  |  |--| . |--|     \_\
  / _/   \ | : | /___--._) \
 |_(---'-| >-'-| |       '-'
        /_/     \_\

Spurl is a Django template library for manipulating URLs. It's built on top of Zachary Voase's excellent urlobject <https://github.com/zacharyvoase/urlobject/>__.

Authored by Jamie Matthews <http://www.j4mie.org/>, and some great contributors <https://github.com/j4mie/django-spurl/contributors>.

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Installation

Either checkout spurl from GitHub, or install using pip:

.. code:: shell

pip install django-spurl

Add spurl to your INSTALLED_APPS:

.. code:: python

INSTALLED_APPS = (
    ...
    'spurl',
)

Finally, whenever you want to use Spurl in a template, you need to load its template library:

.. code:: html+django

{% load spurl %}

Usage

Spurl is not a replacement for Django's built-in {% url %} template tag. It is a general-purpose toolkit for manipulating URL components in templates. You can use it alongside {% url %} if you like (see below).

Spurl provides a single template tag, called (surprisingly enough), spurl. You call it with a set of key=value keyword arguments, which are described fully below.

To show some of the features of Spurl, we'll go over a couple of simple example use cases.

Adding query parameters to URLs


Say you have a list of external URLs in your database. When you create
links to these URLs in a template, you need to add a
``referrer=mysite.com`` query parameter to each. The simple way to do
this might be:

.. code:: html+django

    {% for url, title in list_of_links %}
        <a href="{{ url }}?referrer=mysite.com">{{ title }}</a>
    {% endfor %}

The problem here is that you don't know in advance if the URLs stored in
your database *already* have query parameters. If they do, you'll
generate malformed links like
``http://www.example.com?foo=bar?referrer=mysite.com``.

Spurl can fix this. Because it knows about the components of a URL, it
can add parameters onto an existing query, if there is one.

.. code:: html+django

    {% for url, title in list_of_links %}
        <a href="{% spurl base=url add_query="referrer=mysite.com" %}">{{ title }}</a>
    {% endfor %}

Note that **when you pass a literal string to Spurl, you have to wrap it
in double quotes**. If you don't, Spurl will assume it's a variable name
and try to look it up in the template's context.

SSL-sensitive external URLs.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Suppose your site needs to display a gallery of images, the URLs of
which have come from some third-party web API. Additionally, imagine
your site needs to run both in secure and non-secure mode - the same
content is available at both ``https`` or ``http`` URLs (depending on
whether a visitor is logged in, say). Some browsers will complain loudly
(displaying "Mixed content warnings" to the user) if the page being
displayed is ``https`` but some of the assets are ``http``. Spurl can
fix this.

.. code:: html+django

    {% for image_url in list_of_image_urls %}
        <img src="{% spurl base=image_url secure=request.is_secure %}" />
    {% endfor %}

This will take the image URL you supply and replace the scheme component
(the ``http`` or ``https`` bit) with the correct version, depending on
the return value of ``request.is_secure()``. Note that the above assumes
you're using a ``RequestContext`` so that ``request`` is available in
your template.

Using alongside ``{% url %}``
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Notice that Spurl's functionality doesn't overlap with Django's built-in
``{% url %}`` tag. Spurl doesn't know about your urlconf, and doesn't do
any URL reversing. In fact, Spurl is mostly useful for manipulating
**external** URLs, rather than URLs on your own site. However, you can
easily use Spurl with ``{% url %}`` if you need to. You just have to use
the ``as`` keyword to put your reversed URL in a template variable, and
then pass this to Spurl. As it's a relative path (rather than a full
URL) you should pass it using the ``path`` argument. For example, say
you want to append some query parameters to a URL on your site:

.. code:: html+django

    {% url your_url_name as my_url %}
    <a href="{% spurl path=my_url query="foo=bar&bar=baz" %}">Click here!</a>

There is another way to use Spurl with ``{% url %}``, see *Embedding
template tags* below.

Available arguments
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Below is a full list of arguments that Spurl understands.

base
^^^^

If you pass a ``base`` argument to Spurl, it will parse its contents and
use this as the base URL upon which all other arguments will operate. If
you *don't* pass a ``base`` argument, Spurl will generate a URL from
scratch based on the components that you pass in separately.

scheme
^^^^^^

Set the scheme component of the URL. Example:

.. code:: html+django

    {% spurl base="http://example.com" scheme="ftp" %}

This will return ``ftp://example.com``

See also: ``scheme_from``, below.

host
^^^^

Set the host component of the URL. Example:

.. code:: html+django

    {% spurl base="http://example.com/some/path/" host="google.com" %}

This will return ``http://google.com/some/path/``

See also: ``host_from``, below.

auth
^^^^

Handle HTTP Basic authentication, username and password can be passed in
URL. Example:

.. code:: html+django

    {% spurl base="https://example.com" auth="user:pass" %}

This will return ``https://user:pass@example.com``

path
^^^^

Set the path component of the URL. Example:

.. code:: html+django

    {% spurl base="http://example.com/some/path/" path="/different/" %}

This will return ``http://example.com/different/``

See also: ``path_from``, below.

add\_path
^^^^^^^^^

Append a path component to the existing path. You can add multiple
``add_path`` calls, and the results of each will be combined. Example:

.. code:: html+django

    {% spurl base=STATIC_URL add_path="javascript" add_path="lib" add_path="jquery.js" %}

This will return ``http://cdn.example.com/javascript/lib/jquery.js``
(assuming ``STATIC_URL`` is set to ``http://cdn.example.com``)

See also: ``add_path_from``, below.

fragment
^^^^^^^^

Set the fragment component of the URL. Example:

.. code:: html+django

    {% spurl base="http://example.com" fragment="myfragment" %}

This will return ``http://example.com/#myfragment``

See also: ``fragment_from``, below.

port
^^^^

Set the port component of the URL. Example:

.. code:: html+django

    {% spurl base="http://example.com/some/path/" port="8080" %}

This will return ``http://example.com:8080/some/path/``

See also: ``port_from``, below.

query
^^^^^

Set the query component of the URL. Example:

.. code:: html+django

    {% spurl base="http://example.com/" query="foo=bar&bar=baz" %}

This will return ``http://example.com/?foo=bar&bar=baz``

The ``query`` argument can also be passed a dictionary from your
template's context.

.. code:: python

    # views.py
    def my_view(request):
        my_query_params = {'foo': 'bar', 'bar': 'baz'}
        return render(request, 'path/to/template.html', {'my_query_params': my_query_params})

.. code:: html+django

    <!-- template.html -->
    {% spurl base="http://example.com/" query=my_query_params %}

This will return ``http://example.com/?foo=bar&bar=baz``

Finally, you can pass individual template variables to the query. To do
this, Spurl uses Django's template system. For example:

.. code:: html+django

    {% spurl base="http://example.com/" query="foo={{ variable_name }}" %}

See also: ``query_from``, below.

add\_query
^^^^^^^^^^

Append a set of parameters to an existing query. If your base URL might
already have a query component, this will merge the existing parameters
with your new ones. Example:

.. code:: html+django

    {% spurl base="http://example.com/?foo=bar" add_query="bar=baz" %}

This will return ``http://example.com?foo=bar&bar=baz``

You can add multiple ``add_query`` calls, and the results of each will
be combined:

.. code:: html+django

    {% spurl base="http://example.com/" add_query="foo=bar" add_query="bar=baz" %}

This will return ``http://example.com?foo=bar&bar=baz``

Like the ``query`` argument above, the values passed to ``add_query``
can also be dictionaries, and they can contain Django template
variables.

See also: ``add_query_from``, below.

set\_query
^^^^^^^^^^

Appends a set of parameters to an existing query, overwriting existing
parameters with the same name. Otherwise uses the exact same syntax as
``add_query``.

See also: ``set_query_from``, below.

toggle\_query
^^^^^^^^^^^^^

Toggle the value of one or more query parameters between two possible
values. Useful when reordering list views. Example:

.. code:: html+django

    {% spurl base=request.get_full_path toggle_query="sort=ascending,descending" %}

If the value of ``request.get_full_path()`` doesn't have a ``sort``
parameter, one will be added with a value of ``ascending`` (the first
item in the list is the default). If it already has a ``sort``
parameter, and it is currently set to ``ascending``, it will be set to
``descending``. If it's already set to ``descending``, it will be set to
``ascending``.

You can also specify the options as a dictionary, mapping the parameter
name to a two-tuple containing the values to toggle. Example:

.. code:: python

    # views.py

    SORT_PARAM = 'sort'
    ASCENDING = 'ascending'
    DESCENDING = 'descending'

    def my_view(request):

        if request.GET.get(SORT_PARAM, ASCENDING) == DESCENDING:
            object_list = MyModel.objects.order_by('-somefield')
        else:
            object_list = MyModel.objects.order_by('somefield')

        return render(request, 'path/to/template.html', {
            'object_list': object_list,
            'sort_params': {SORT_PARAM: (ASCENDING, DESCENDING)},
        })

.. code:: html+django

    <!-- template.html -->
    <a href="{% spurl base=request.get_full_path toggle_query=sort_params %}">Reverse order</a>

remove\_query\_param
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

Remove a query parameter from an existing query:

.. code:: html+django

    {% spurl base="http://example.com/?foo=bar&bar=baz" remove_query_param="foo" %}

This will return ``http://example.com?bar=baz``

Again, you can add multiple ``remove_query_param`` calls, and the
results will be combined:

.. code:: html+django

    {% spurl base="http://example.com/?foo=bar&bar=baz" remove_query_param="foo" remove_query_param="bar" %}

This will return ``http://example.com/``

You can also remove parameters with specific values:

.. code:: html+django

    {% spurl base="http://example.com/?foo=bar&bar=baz&foo=baz" remove_query_param="foo" remove_query_param="foo=baz" %}

This will return ``http://example.com/?bar=baz``

Finally, you can pass individual template variables to the
``remove_query_param`` calls. To do this, Spurl uses Django's template
system. For example:

.. code:: html+django

    {% spurl base="http://example.com/?foo=bar&bar=baz" remove_query_param="{{ variable_name }}" %}

secure
^^^^^^

Control whether the generated URL starts with ``http`` or ``https``. The
value of this argument can be a boolean (``True`` or ``False``), if
you're using a context variable. If you're using a literal argument
here, it must be a quoted string. The strings ``"True"`` or ``"on"``
(case-insensitive) will be converted to ``True``, any other string will
be converted to ``False``. Example:

.. code:: html+django

    {% spurl base="http://example.com/" secure="True" %}

This will return ``https://example.com/``

autoescape
^^^^^^^^^^

By default, Spurl will escape its output in the same way as Django's
template system. For example, an ``&`` character in a URL will be
rendered as ``&amp;``. You can override this behaviour by passing an
``autoescape`` argument, which must be either a boolean (if passed from
a template variable) or a string. The strings ``"True"`` or ``"on"``
(case-insensitive) will be converted to ``True``, any other string will
be converted to ``False``.

Added bonus: ``_from`` parameters

As well as those listed above, Spurl provides a family of parameters for combining URLs. Given a base URL to start with, you can copy a component from another URL. These arguments expect to be passed a full URL (or anything that can be understood by URLObject.parse). This URL will be parsed, and then the component in question will be extracted and combined with the base URL.

Below is a full list of the available _from methods. They have identical semantics to their counterparts above (except they expect a full URL, not just a URL component).

  • query_from
  • add_query_from
  • set_query_from
  • scheme_from
  • host_from
  • path_from
  • add_path_from
  • fragment_from
  • port_from

Example:

.. code:: html+django

{% spurl base="http://example.com/foo/bar/?foo=bar path_from="http://another.com/something/?bar=foo" %}

This will return http://example.com/something/?foo=bar

Building a URL without displaying it


Like Django's ``{% url %}`` tag, Spurl allows you to insert the
generated URL into the template's context for later use. Example:

.. code:: html+django

    {% spurl base="http://example.com" secure="True" as secure_url %}
    <p>The secure version of the url is {{ secure_url }}</p>

Embedding template tags
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

As mentioned above, Spurl uses Django's template system to individually
parse any arguments which can be passed strings. This allows the use of
syntax such as:

.. code:: html+django

    {% spurl base="http://example.com" add_query="foo={{ bar }}" %}

This works fine for variable and filters, but what if we want to use
other template tags *inside* our Spurl tag? We can't nest ``{%`` and
``%}`` tokens inside each other, because Django's template parser would
get very confused. Instead, we have to escape the inner set of tag
markers with backslashes:

.. code:: html+django

    {% spurl base="http://example.com" add_query="next={\% url home %\}" %}

Note that any tags or filters loaded in your template are automatically
available in the nested templates used to render each variable. This
means we can do:

.. code:: html+django

    {% load url from future %}
    {% spurl base="{\% url 'home' %\}" %}

Be careful with your quotation marks! If you use double-quotes to
surround the nested template, you have to use single quotes inside it.

**Warning!** This functionality only exists to serve the most complex of
use cases, and is extremely magical (and probably a bad idea). You may
prefer to use:

.. code:: html+django

    {% url "home" as my_url %}
    {% spurl base=my_url %}

Development
-----------

To contribute, fork the repository, make your changes, add some tests,
commit, push, and open a pull request.

How to run the tests
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Spurl is tested with `nose <http://nose.readthedocs.org>`__. Clone the
repository, then run ``pip install -r requirements.txt`` to install nose
and Django into your virtualenv. Then, simply type ``nosetests`` to find
and run all the tests.

(Un)license
-----------

This is free and unencumbered software released into the public domain.

Anyone is free to copy, modify, publish, use, compile, sell, or
distribute this software, either in source code form or as a compiled
binary, for any purpose, commercial or non-commercial, and by any means.

In jurisdictions that recognize copyright laws, the author or authors of
this software dedicate any and all copyright interest in the software to
the public domain. We make this dedication for the benefit of the public
at large and to the detriment of our heirs and successors. We intend
this dedication to be an overt act of relinquishment in perpetuity of
all present and future rights to this software under copyright law.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.
IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING
FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER
DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

For more information, please refer to http://unlicense.org/

Artwork credit
--------------

Superman ASCII art comes from http://ascii.co.uk/art/superman

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