pypi i django-sharding


A sharding library for Django

by Joseph Kahn

5.2.0 (see all)License:BSD
pypi i django-sharding

Django Sharding <https://github.com/JBKahn/django-sharding>_

Django Sharding is a library and part-framework for sharding Django applications.

Note: Does not support Django 1.10.3 due to a bug in the release <https://github.com/JBKahn/django-sharding/issues/48>_.

It helps you to scale your applications by sharding your data across multiple databases in a consistent way.

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What is Sharding? ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

Sharding is a way of horizontally partitioning your data by storing different rows of the same table in multiple tables across multiple databases. This helps to increase the number of connections to a given resource as well as improves read performance of your application.

Read The Documentation ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

For information about how to setup sharding in your application, read the documentation <http://josephkahn.io/django-sharding/>_.

Developer Experience ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

I wrote this library after working on this problem for Wave <https://www.waveapps.com>_ and not being able to find a library that suited our needs. What we were looking for was something that was powerful, extensible and customizable. This library was created for just that purpose and includes at least one implementation of each part of the pipeline with room to replace any individual components.

Influences ^^^^^^^^^^

The package was influenced by my experiences at Wave as well as the help and code of my co-workers.

Installation ^^^^^^^^^^^^

Check out the installation section <http://josephkahn.io/django-sharding/docs/installation/Settings.html>_ of the docs for basic package setup.

Basis Setup & Usage ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

Sharding by User

Select a model to shard by and open up the models.py file. Here we'll use the user model:

.. code-block:: python

   from django.contrib.auth.models import AbstractUser

   from django_sharding_library.decorators import shard_storage_config
   from django_sharding_library.models import ShardedByMixin

   class User(AbstractUser, ShardedByMixin):

Add that custom User to your settings file using the string class path:

.. code-block:: python

   AUTH_USER_MODEL = '<app_with_user_model>.User'

Create Your First Sharded Model

Define your new model, eg:

.. code-block:: python

from django.db import models

from django_sharding_library.decorators import model_config from django_sharding_library.fields import TableShardedIDField from django_sharding_library.models import TableStrategyModel

@model_config(database='default') class ShardedCarIDs(TableStrategyModel): pass

@model_config(sharded=True) class Car(models.Model): id = TableShardedIDField(primary_key=True, source_table_name='app.ShardedCarIDs') ignition_type = models.CharField(max_length=120) company = models.ForeignKey('companies.Company')

   def get_shard(self):
       return self.company.user.shard

Running migrations ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

Run them as normal, for example:

.. code-block::

./manage.py makemigrations <app_name>

To let django run the migrations in all the right places.

./manage.py migrate

To specify the database to run it on

./manage.py migrate --database=<database_alias>

Acccessing sharded data ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

.. code-block:: python

TODO: Update this with methods.

shard = User.shard Car.objects.using(shard).get(id=123)

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