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django-grpc

Easy gRPC service based on Django application

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django-grpc

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Easy way to launch gRPC server with access to Django ORM and other handy stuff. gRPC calls are much faster that traditional HTTP requests because communicate over persistent connection and are compressed. Underlying gRPC library is written in C which makes it work faster than any RESTful framework where a lot of time is spent on serialization/deserialization.

Note that you need this project only if you want to use Django functionality in gRPC service. For pure python implementation read this

  • Supported Python: 3.4+
  • Supported Django: 2.X and 3.X

Installation

pip install django-grpc

Update settings.py

INSTALLED_APPS = [
    # ...
    'django_grpc',
]

GRPCSERVER = {
    'servicers': ['dotted.path.to.callback.eg.grpc_hook'],  # see `grpc_hook()` below
    'interceptors': ['dotted.path.to.interceptor_class',],  # optional, interceprots are similar to middleware in Django
    'maximum_concurrent_rpcs': None,
    'options': [("grpc.max_receive_message_length", 1024 * 1024 * 100)],  # optional, list of key-value pairs to configure the channel. The full list of available channel arguments: https://grpc.github.io/grpc/core/group__grpc__arg__keys.html
}

The callback that initializes "servicer" must look like following:

import my_pb2
import my_pb2_grpc

def grpc_hook(server):
    my_pb2_grpc.add_MYServicer_to_server(MYServicer(), server)

...
class MYServicer(my_pb2_grpc.MYServicer):

    def GetPage(self, request, context):
        response = my_pb2.PageResponse(title="Demo object")
        return response

Usage

python manage.py grpcserver

For developer's convenience add --autoreload flag during development.

Signals

The package uses Django signals to allow decoupled applications get notified when some actions occur:

  • django_grpc.signals.grpc_request_started - sent before gRPC server begins processing a request
  • django_grpc.signals.grpc_request_finished - sent when gRPC server finishes delivering response to the client
  • django_grpc.signals.grpc_got_request_exception - this signal is sent whenever RPC encounters an exception while processing an incoming request.

Note that signal names are similar to Django's built-in signals, but have "grpc_" prefix.

Serializers

There is an easy way to serialize django model to gRPC message using django_grpc.serializers.serialize_model.

Testing

Test your RPCs just like regular python methods which return some structure or generator. You need to provide them with only 2 parameters: request (protobuf structure or generator) and context (use FakeServicerContext from the example below).

Fake Context

You can pass instance of django_grpc_testtools.context.FakeServicerContext to your gRPC method to verify how it works with context (aborts, metadata and etc.).

import grpc
from django_grpc_testtools.context import FakeServicerContext
from tests.sampleapp.servicer import Greeter
from tests.sampleapp.helloworld_pb2 import HelloRequest

servicer = Greeter()
context = FakeServicerContext()
request = HelloRequest(name='Tester')

# To check metadata set by RPC 
response = servicer.SayHello(request, context)
assert context.get_trailing_metadata("Header1") == '...'

# To check status code
try:
    servicer.SayHello(request, context) 
except Exception:
    pass

assert context.abort_status == grpc.StatusCode.INVALID_ARGUMENT
assert context.abort_message == 'Cannot say hello to John'

In addition to standard gRPC context methods, FakeServicerContext provides:

  • .set_invocation_metadata() allows to simulate metadata from client to server.
  • .get_trailing_metadata() to get metadata set by your server
  • .abort_status and .abort_message to check if .abort() was called