ddc
django-db-constraints
pypi i django-db-constraints
ddc

django-db-constraints

Add database table-level constraints to your Django model's Meta

by David Sanders

0.3.0 (see all)License:MIT
pypi i django-db-constraints
Readme

django-db-constraints

What is this?

Add database table-level constraints to your Django model's Meta class and have makemigrations add the appropriate migration.

class Foo(models.Model):
    bar = models.IntegerField()
    baz = models.IntegerField()

    class Meta:
        db_constraints = {
            'bar_equal_baz': 'check (bar = baz)',
        }

This should generate a migration like so:

class Migration(migrations.Migration):

    initial = True

    dependencies = [
    ]

    operations = [
        migrations.CreateModel(
            name='Foo',
            fields=[
                ('id', models.AutoField(auto_created=True, primary_key=True, serialize=False, verbose_name='ID')),
                ('bar', models.IntegerField()),
                ('baz', models.IntegerField()),
            ],
        ),
        django_db_constraints.operations.AlterConstraints(
            name='Foo',
            db_constraints={'bar_equal_baz': 'check (bar = baz)'},
        ),
    ]

The resulting SQL applied:

CREATE TABLE "sample_foo" ("id" serial NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY, "bar" integer NOT NULL, "baz" integer NOT NULL)
ALTER TABLE "sample_foo" ADD CONSTRAINT "bar_equal_baz" check (bar = baz)

Composite foreign keys

It's possible to support composite foreign keys if you have a unique key on your reference model:

(Why are composite foreign keys useful?)

class Bar(models.Model):
    baz = models.IntegerField()

    class Meta:
        unique_together = ('id', 'baz')


class Foo(models.Model):
    bar = models.ForeignKey(Bar)
    baz = models.IntegerField()

    class Meta:
        db_constraints = {
            'composite_fk': 'foreign key (bar_id, baz) references sample_bar (id, baz)',
        }

Results in:

ALTER TABLE "sample_foo" ADD CONSTRAINT "composite_fk" foreign key (bar_id, baz) references sample_bar (id, baz)

Migration operation ordering

Given that nothing will depend on a constraint operation, they're simply added to the end of the list of operations for a migration. This includes operations that drop fields used in a constraint as the database drop will any related constraints as well (at least with PostgreSQL).

Caveats

It's possible to end up in a situation where the constraints are declared on the Meta class but do not exist in the database due to a database dropping a constraint implicitly when a field in the constraint is dropped.

Installation

pip install django-db-constraints

in your settings.py:

INSTALLED_APPS = [
    'django_db_constraints',
    …
]
VersionTagPublished
0.3.0
5yrs ago
0.2.0
5yrs ago
No alternatives found
No tutorials found
Add a tutorial
No dependencies found

Rate & Review

100
No reviews found
Be the first to rate