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django-data-exports
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django-data-exports

Model data exports for Django

by Mathieu Agopian

0.7 (see all)License:BSD license, see LICENSE file
pypi i django-data-exports
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Django-data-exports

.. image:: https://secure.travis-ci.org/magopian/django-data-exports.png?branch=master :alt: Build Status :target: https://travis-ci.org/magopian/django-data-exports

.. _contributors: https://github.com/magopian/django-data-exports/contributors

Django-data-exports is a model data exports app for Django. It allows you to easily create exports for your models.

Adding this app to your project will let you create exports for your models, and customize the data that will be exported by specifying which columns to include, and which format to use.

Typical use case: display a few columns from one of your models as a HTML table to be easily copy/pasted to a spreadsheet.

Installation

::

pip install django-data-exports

Then add to your project's INSTALLED_APPS. In settings.py:

::

INSTALLED_APPS = (
    '...',
    # whatever you already have
    '...',
    'data_exports',
)

Install the models:

::

./manage.py syncdb  # or ./manage.py migrate if you're using south

And finally, plug the urls to your ROOT_URLCONF:

::

urlpatterns = patterns(
    '',
    # ... all the other urls you already have

    # exports
    url(r'^exports/', include('data_exports.urls', namespace='data_exports')),
)

Usage

Either add exports through the admin, or use the included example views. If there's no export format attached to an export, the data_exports/export_detail.html template will be rendered with the following context:

  • export: the export itself
  • data: a queryset of all the export.model's instance

Using the admin


There's nothing specific to do here: connect to the admin, and add new exports. A few things to note:

* when you create an export, it's not possible to add columns at first. The reason being that the model is needed to be able to populate the column names
* when you add an export, clicking on the "save" button will have the same effect as clicking on "save and continue editing"
* once an export is created, and is being edited, the columns can be added (and are displayed as inlines)


Using the included example views

There's three included example views:

  • /exports/add: create a new export
  • /exports/<export slug>/columns: add columns to your export
  • /exports/<export slug>: visualize your export

There is, at the moment, no example view for the export formats.

Export columns


Column choices make use of django-inspect-model_ to build the list of accessible "items". Please check this app's documentation to know more about "items".

.. _django-inspect-model: http://django-inspect-model.readthedocs.org/en/latest/

Choices are built by ``data_exports.forms.get_choices``, and will consist of all the accessible items on the exported model, and on all its related models. The only related fields accessible are those on models that are directly related, using forward or reverse OneToOne fields and forward ForeignKey fields.

*Example*:

::

    class Foo(models.Model):
        name = CharField(max_length=50)
        bar = ForeignKey(Bar)

    class Bar(models.Model):
        name = CharField(max_length=50)

An export of ``Foo`` will have the following column choices:

* ``name``: Foo.name
* ``bar``: Foo.bar, which is unicode(Foo.bar)
* ``bar.name``: Bar.name

To display the value of those columns, the included templates use ``data_exports.templatetags.getter_tags``:


Getattribute filter

::

{% load getter_tags %}
{{ obj|getattribute:column }}

This is roughly equivalent to the getattr python builtin, but can cope with column choices:

  • if column doesn't have a dot, return getattr(obj, column), or getattr(obj, column)() if it's a callable
  • if column does have a dots (eg: bar.name), recursively call getattribute() to get to the final attribute:

::

attr = getattribute(obj, 'bar.name')
# equivalent to:
temp = getattr(obj, 'bar')
attr = getattr(temp, 'name')

Nice_display filter


::

    {% load getter_tags %}
    {{ obj|getattribute:column|nice_display }}

For now, all this does is return a comma-separated list of related instances for a many-to-many field.

If the ``item`` field has an ``all`` method:

::

    return ', '.join(map(unicode, item.all()))


Advanced usage
--------------

Export formats
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Exports can export to a given format:

::

    class Format(models.Model):
        name = models.CharField(max_length=50)
        file_ext = models.CharField( max_length=10, blank=True)
        mime = models.CharField(max_length=50)
        template = models.CharField(max_length=255)

The ``mime`` field is the ``Content-Type`` needed for the response. ``file_ext`` will be used to compute the export's filename, provided via ``Content-Disposition`` header.

*Example*: let's take a naive export to csv:

* mime: text/csv
* file_ext: csv
* name: Naive CSV format
* template: ``data_exports/export_detail_csv.html`` (included as an example)

If an export uses this format, visiting the export's view page ``/exports/<export slug>`` will offer a file download, named ``<export slug>.csv``.

Filtering exports
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

To restrict entries access, you can use a class method or a static method ``export_queryset`` which will get the request object
and returns the queryset of items to display.

::

    from django.contrib.auth.models import User
    from django.db import models
    
    class Client(models.Model):
        name = models.CharField(max_length=63)
        users = models.ManyToManyField(User)


    class ClientData(models.Model):
        client = models.ForeignKey('Client')
        address = models.CharField(max_length=255)
        money_hidden_in_the_garden = models.IntegerField()
        
        @classmethod
        def export_queryset(cls, request):
            qs = cls.objects.all()
            if not request.user.is_superuser:
                qs = qs.filter(client__in=request.user.client_set.all())
            return qs


Using your own views

To use your own views, you need to use the same url names as in data_exports/urls.py, and make sure they use the data_exports namespace, as django.core.urlresolvers.reverse is used internally to compute the needed urls.

You can check the included example views in data_exports/views.py, and of course reuse the forms provided in data_exports/forms.py.

Decorating the included views


Say you need to decorate the export view with the ``staff_member_required``
decorator:

::

    url(r'^export/(?P<slug>[^/]+)/?$',
        staff_member_required(export_view),
        name='export_view'),

You still need to include this new url using a namespace, or the calls to
``reverse`` in the views won't work. This is a way to do it (taken from the
`Django documentation`_:

::

    from django.conf.urls import include, patterns, url

    data_exports_patterns = patterns('',
        url(r'^export/(?P<slug>[^/]+)/?$',
            staff_member_required(export_view),
            name='export_view'),
    )

    url(r'^exports', include(data_exports_patterns, namespace='data_exports')),

.. _Django documentation:
    https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/dev/topics/http/urls/#url-namespaces-and-included-urlconfs


Using your own templates
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

``Django-data-exports`` makes use of Django's template overloading mechanism. This means that if you provide a ``data_exports/export_detail.html`` template which has precedence over the one bundled with the app, it'll be used.

*Example*: say you have a ``templates/`` folder in your project, and the appropriate ``TEMPLATE_DIRS`` setting. Place your own template in ``project/templates/data_exports/export_detail.html`` to have it used instead of the template bundled with the app in ``data_exports/templates/data_exports/export_detail.html``.

There's three included templates:

* ``data_exports/base.html``: extended by the two other templates
* ``data_exports/export_detail.html``: used by default for exports that don't specify a format
* ``data_exports/export_detail_csv.html``: used by the "naive csv format" detailed in `Export formats`_.


Hacking
-------

Setup your environment:

::

    git clone https://github.com/magopian/django-data-exports.git
    cd django-data-export

Hack and run the tests using `Tox <https://pypi.python.org/pypi/tox>`_ to test
on all the supported python and Django versions:

::

    make test

To build the docs:

::

    make docs

GitHub Stars

38

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8yrs ago

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1

CONTRIBUTORS

8

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1

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