pypi i django-countries


A Django application that provides country choices for use with forms, flag icons static files, and a country field for models.

by Chris Beaven

7.3.2 (see all)License:MITCategories:Django Country Database
pypi i django-countries


Django Countries

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.. image:: https://github.com/SmileyChris/django-countries/actions/workflows/tests.yml/badge.svg :alt: Build status :target: https://github.com/SmileyChris/django-countries/actions/workflows/tests.yml

A Django application that provides country choices for use with forms, flag icons static files, and a country field for models.

.. contents:: :local: :backlinks: none


  1. pip install django-countries

    For more accurate sorting of translated country names, install it with the optional pyuca_ package:

    pip install django-countries[pyuca]

  2. Add django_countries to INSTALLED_APPS

.. _pyuca: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/pyuca/


A country field for Django models that provides all ISO 3166-1 countries as choices.

CountryField is based on Django's CharField, providing choices corresponding to the official ISO 3166-1 list of countries (with a default max_length of 2).

Consider the following model using a CountryField:

.. code:: python

from django.db import models
from django_countries.fields import CountryField

class Person(models.Model):
    name = models.CharField(max_length=100)
    country = CountryField()

Any Person instance will have a country attribute that you can use to get details of the person's country:

.. code:: python

>>> person = Person(name='Chris', country='NZ')
>>> person.country
>>> person.country.name
'New Zealand'
>>> person.country.flag

This object (person.country in the example) is a Country instance, which is described below.

Use blank_label to set the label for the initial blank choice shown in forms:

.. code:: python

country = CountryField(blank_label='(select country)')

You can filter using the full English country names, even though only the country codes are stored in the database (using contains, startswith, endswith, regex, and their case insensitive versions). Use __name or __iname for the "exact"/"iexact" equivalent:

.. code:: python

>>> Person.objects.filter(country__name="New Zealand").count()
>>> Person.objects.filter(country__icontains="zealand").count()


This field can also allow multiple selections of countries (saved as a comma separated string). The field will always output a list of countries in this mode. For example:

.. code:: python

class Incident(models.Model):
    title = models.CharField(max_length=100)
    countries = CountryField(multiple=True)

>>> for country in Incident.objects.get(title='Pavlova dispute').countries:
...     print(country.name)
New Zealand

The Country object

An object used to represent a country, instantiated with a two character country code, three character code, or numeric code.

It can be compared to other objects as if it was a string containing the country code and when evaluated as text, returns the country code.

name Contains the full country name.

flag Contains a URL to the flag. If you page could have lots of different flags then consider using flag_css instead to avoid excessive HTTP requests.

flag_css Output the css classes needed to display an HTML element as the correct flag from within a single sprite image that contains all flags. For example:

.. code:: jinja

<link rel="stylesheet" href="{% static 'flags/sprite.css' %}">
<i class="{{ country.flag_css }}"></i>

For multiple flag resolutions, use sprite-hq.css instead and add the flag2x, flag3x, or flag4x class. For example:

.. code:: jinja

<link rel="stylesheet" href="{% static 'flags/sprite-hq.css' %}">
Normal: <i class="{{ country.flag_css }}"></i>
Bigger: <i class="flag2x {{ country.flag_css }}"></i>

You might also want to consider using aria-label for better accessibility:

.. code:: jinja

<i class="{{ country.flag_css }}"
    aria-label="{% blocktrans with country_code=country.code %}
        {{ country_code }} flag
    {% endblocktrans %}"></i>

unicode_flag A unicode glyph for the flag for this country. Currently well-supported in iOS and OS X. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regional_Indicator_Symbol for details.

code The two letter country code for this country.

alpha3 The three letter country code for this country.

numeric The numeric country code for this country (as an integer).

numeric_padded The numeric country code as a three character 0-padded string.

ioc_code The three letter International Olympic Committee country code.


A widget is included that can show the flag image after the select box (updated with JavaScript when the selection changes).

When you create your form, you can use this custom widget like normal:

.. code:: python

from django_countries.widgets import CountrySelectWidget

class PersonForm(forms.ModelForm):
    class Meta:
        model = models.Person
        fields = ('name', 'country')
        widgets = {'country': CountrySelectWidget()}

Pass a layout text argument to the widget to change the positioning of the flag and widget. The default layout is:

.. code:: python

'{widget}<img class="country-select-flag" id="{flag_id}" style="margin: 6px 4px 0" src="{country.flag}">'

Custom forms

If you want to use the countries in a custom form, use the model field's custom form field to ensure the translatable strings for the country choices are left lazy until the widget renders:

.. code:: python

from django_countries.fields import CountryField

class CustomForm(forms.Form):
    country = CountryField().formfield()

Use CountryField(blank=True) for non-required form fields, and CountryField(blank_label='(Select country)') to use a custom label for the initial blank option.

You can also use the CountrySelectWidget_ as the widget for this field if you want the flag image after the select box.

Get the countries from Python

Use the django_countries.countries object instance as an iterator of ISO 3166-1 country codes and names (sorted by name).

For example:

.. code:: python

>>> from django_countries import countries
>>> dict(countries)['NZ']
'New Zealand'

>>> for code, name in list(countries)[:3]:
...     print(f"{name} ({code})")
Afghanistan (AF)
Åland Islands (AX)
Albania (AL)

Country names are translated using Django's standard gettext. If you would like to help by adding a translation, please visit https://www.transifex.com/projects/p/django-countries/

Template Tags

If you have your country code stored in a different place than a CountryField you can use the template tag to get a Country object and have access to all of its properties:

.. code:: jinja

{% load countries %}
{% get_country 'BR' as country %}
{{ country.name }}

If you need a list of countries, there's also a simple tag for that:

.. code:: jinja

{% load countries %}
{% get_countries as countries %}
{% for country in countries %}
    <option value="{{ country.code }}">{{ country.name }}</option>
{% endfor %}


Customize the country list

Country names are taken from the official ISO 3166-1 list, with some country names being replaced with their more common usage (such as "Bolivia" instead of "Bolivia, Plurinational State of").

To retain the official ISO 3166-1 naming for all fields, set the COUNTRIES_COMMON_NAMES setting to False.

If your project requires the use of alternative names, the inclusion or exclusion of specific countries then set the COUNTRIES_OVERRIDE setting to a dictionary of names which override the defaults. The values can also use a more complex dictionary format_.

Note that you will need to handle translation of customised country names.

Setting a country's name to None will exclude it from the country list. For example:

.. code:: python

from django.utils.translation import gettext_lazy as _

    'NZ': _('Middle Earth'),
    'AU': None,
    'US': {'names': [
        _('United States of America'),

If you have a specific list of countries that should be used, use COUNTRIES_ONLY:

.. code:: python


or to specify your own country names, use a dictionary or two-tuple list (string items will use the standard country name):

.. code:: python

    ('NZ', _('Middle Earth')),
    ('AU', _('Desert')),

Show certain countries first

Provide a list of country codes as the COUNTRIES_FIRST setting and they will be shown first in the countries list (in the order specified) before all the alphanumerically sorted countries.

If you want to sort these initial countries too, set the COUNTRIES_FIRST_SORT setting to True.

By default, these initial countries are not repeated again in the alphanumerically sorted list. If you would like them to be repeated, set the COUNTRIES_FIRST_REPEAT setting to True.

Finally, you can optionally separate these 'first' countries with an empty choice by providing the choice label as the COUNTRIES_FIRST_BREAK setting.

Customize the flag URL

The COUNTRIES_FLAG_URL setting can be used to set the url for the flag image assets. It defaults to::

COUNTRIES_FLAG_URL = 'flags/{code}.gif'

The URL can be relative to the STATIC_URL setting, or an absolute URL.

The location is parsed using Python's string formatting and is passed the following arguments:

* code
* code_upper

For example: COUNTRIES_FLAG_URL = 'flags/16x10/{code_upper}.png'

No checking is done to ensure that a static flag actually exists.

Alternatively, you can specify a different URL on a specific CountryField:

.. code:: python

class Person(models.Model):
    name = models.CharField(max_length=100)
    country = CountryField(

Single field customization

To customize an individual field, rather than rely on project level settings, create a Countries subclass which overrides settings.

To override a setting, give the class an attribute matching the lowercased setting without the COUNTRIES_ prefix.

Then just reference this class in a field. For example, this CountryField uses a custom country list that only includes the G8 countries:

.. code:: python

from django_countries import Countries

class G8Countries(Countries):
    only = [
        'CA', 'FR', 'DE', 'IT', 'JP', 'RU', 'GB',
        ('EU', _('European Union'))

class Vote(models.Model):
    country = CountryField(countries=G8Countries)
    approve = models.BooleanField()

Complex dictionary format

For COUNTRIES_ONLY and COUNTRIES_OVERRIDE, you can also provide a dictionary rather than just a translatable string for the country name.

The options within the dictionary are:

name or names (required) Either a single translatable name for this country or a list of multiple translatable names. If using multiple names, the first name takes preference when using COUNTRIES_FIRST or the Country.name.

alpha3 (optional) An ISO 3166-1 three character code (or an empty string to nullify an existing code for this country.

numeric (optional) An ISO 3166-1 numeric country code (or None to nullify an existing code for this country. The numeric codes 900 to 999 are left available by the standard for user-assignment.

ioc_code (optional) The country's International Olympic Committee code (or an empty string to nullify an existing code).

Country object external plugins

Other Python packages can add attributes to the Country_ object by using entry points in their setup script.

.. Country: The Country object

For example, you could create a django_countries_phone package which had a with the following entry point in the setup.py file. The entry point name (phone) will be the new attribute name on the Country object. The attribute value will be the return value of the get_phone function (called with the Country instance as the sole argument).

.. code:: python

setup( ... entry_points={ 'django_countries.Country': 'phone = django_countries_phone.get_phone' }, ... )

Django Rest Framework

Django Countries ships with a CountryFieldMixin to make the CountryField_ model field compatible with DRF serializers. Use the following mixin with your model serializer:

.. code:: python

from django_countries.serializers import CountryFieldMixin

class CountrySerializer(CountryFieldMixin, serializers.ModelSerializer):

    class Meta:
        model = models.Person
        fields = ('name', 'email', 'country')

This mixin handles both standard and multi-choice_ country fields.

Django Rest Framework field

For lower level use (or when not dealing with model fields), you can use the included CountryField serializer field. For example:

.. code:: python

from django_countries.serializer_fields import CountryField

class CountrySerializer(serializers.Serializer):
    country = CountryField()

You can optionally instantiate the field with the countries argument to specify a custom Countries_ instance.

.. Countries: Single field customization

REST output format ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

By default, the field will output just the country code. To output the full country name instead, instanciate the field with name_only=True.

If you would rather have more verbose output, instantiate the field with country_dict=True, which will result in the field having the following output structure:

.. code:: json

{"code": "NZ", "name": "New Zealand"}

Either the code or this dict output structure are acceptable as input irregardless of the country_dict argument's value.

OPTIONS request

When you request OPTIONS against a resource (using the DRF metadata support_) the countries will be returned in the response as choices:

.. code:: text

OPTIONS /api/address/ HTTP/1.1

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Content-Type: application/json

"actions": {
  "POST": {
    "country": {
    "type": "choice",
    "label": "Country",
    "choices": [
        "display_name": "Australia",
        "value": "AU"
        "display_name": "United Kingdom",
        "value": "GB"

.. _metadata support: http://www.django-rest-framework.org/api-guide/metadata/


A Country graphene object type is included that can be used when generating your schema.

.. code:: python

import graphene
from graphene_django.types import DjangoObjectType
from django_countries.graphql.types import Country

class Person(ObjectType):
    country = graphene.Field(Country)

    class Meta:
        model = models.Person
        fields = ["name", "country"]

The object type has the following fields available:

  • name for the full country name
  • code for the ISO 3166-1 two character country code
  • alpha3 for the ISO 3166-1 three character country code
  • numeric for the ISO 3166-1 numeric country code
  • iocCode for the International Olympic Committee country code

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