pypi i ast2vec

ast2vec is a library and command line tools to build and apply machine learning models on top of Universal Abstract Syntax Trees

by src-d

0.3.8a0 (see all)License:Apache 2.0
pypi i ast2vec

MLonCode research playground PyPI Build Status Docker Build Status codecov

This project is no longer maintained, it has evolved into several others:

Below goes the original README.

This project is the foundation for MLonCode research and development. It abstracts feature extraction and training models, thus allowing to focus on the higher level tasks.

Currently, the following models are implemented:

  • BOW - weighted bag of x, where x is many different extracted feature types.
  • id2vec, source code identifier embeddings.
  • docfreq, feature document frequencies (part of TF-IDF).
  • topic modeling over source code identifiers.

It is written in Python3 and has been tested on Linux and macOS. source{d} ml is tightly coupled with source{d} engine and delegates all the feature extraction parallelization to it.

Here is the list of proof-of-concept projects which are built using

  • vecino - finding similar repositories.
  • tmsc - listing topics of a repository.
  • snippet-ranger - topic modeling of source code snippets.
  • apollo - source code deduplication at scale.


Whether you wish to include Spark in your installation or would rather use an existing installation, to use sourced-ml you will need to have some native libraries installed, e.g. on Ubuntu you must first run: apt install libxml2-dev libsnappy-dev. Tensorflow is also a requirement - we support both the CPU and GPU version. In order to select which version you want, modify the package name in the next section to either sourced-ml[tf] or sourced-ml[tf-gpu] depending on your choice. If you don't, neither version will be installed.

With Apache Spark included

pip3 install sourced-ml

Use existing Apache Spark

If you already have Apache Spark installed and configured on your environment at $APACHE_SPARK you can re-use it and avoid downloading 200Mb through pip "editable installs" by

pip3 install -e "$SPARK_HOME/python"
pip3 install sourced-ml

In both cases, you will need to have some native libraries installed. E.g., on Ubuntu apt install libxml2-dev libsnappy-dev. Some parts require Tensorflow.


This project exposes two interfaces: API and command line. The command line is

srcml --help

Docker image

docker run -it --rm srcd/ml --help

If this first command fails with

Cannot connect to the Docker daemon. Is the docker daemon running on this host?

And you are sure that the daemon is running, then you need to add your user to docker group: refer to the documentation.


...are welcome! See CONTRIBUTING and


Apache 2.0


Identifier embeddings

We build the source code identifier co-occurrence matrix for every repository.

  1. Read Git repositories.

  2. Classify files using enry.

  3. Extract UAST from each supported file.

  4. Split and stem all the identifiers in each tree.

  5. Traverse UAST, collapse all non-identifier paths and record all

    identifiers on the same level as co-occurring. Besides, connect them with their immediate parents.

  6. Write the global co-occurrence matrix.

  7. Train the embeddings using Swivel (requires Tensorflow). Interactively view

    the intermediate results in Tensorboard using --logs.

  8. Write the identifier embeddings model.

1-5 is performed with repos2coocc command, 6 with id2vec_preproc, 7 with id2vec_train, 8 with id2vec_postproc.

Weighted Bag of X

We represent every repository as a weighted bag-of-vectors, provided by we've got document frequencies ("docfreq") and identifier embeddings ("id2vec").

  1. Clone or read the repository from disk.
  2. Classify files using enry.
  3. Extract UAST from each supported file.
  4. Extract various features from each tree, e.g. identifiers, literals or node2vec-like structural fingerprints.
  5. Group by repository, file or function.
  6. Set the weight of each such feature according to TF-IDF.
  7. Write the BOW model.

1-7 are performed with repos2bow command.

Topic modeling

See here.


See here.

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