adbutils

pure python adb library for google adb service.

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adbutils

Build Status PyPI

Python adb library for adb service (Only support Python3.6+)

Table of Contents

Install

pip3 install adbutils

Usage

Example

Connect ADB Server

import adbutils

adb = adbutils.AdbClient(host="127.0.0.1", port=5037)
print(adb.devices())

The above code can be short to from adbutils import adb

List all the devices and get device object

from adbutils import adb

for d in adb.devices():
    print(d.serial) # print device serial

d = adb.device(serial="33ff22xx")

# You do not need to offer serial if only one device connected
# RuntimeError will be raised if multi device connected
d = adb.device()

The following code will not write from adbutils import adb for short

Connect or disconnect remote device

Same as command adb connect

output = adb.connect("127.0.0.1:5555")
print(output)
# output: already connected to 127.0.0.1:5555

# connect with timeout
try:
    adb.connect("127.0.0.1:5555", timeout=3.0)
except AdbTimeout as e:
    print(e)

adb.disconnect("127.0.0.1:5555")
adb.disconnect("127.0.0.1:5555", raise_error=True) # if device is not present, AdbError will raise

# wait-for-device
adb.wait_for("127.0.0.1:5555", state="device") # wait for device online, state default value is "device"
adb.wait_for("127.0.0.1:5555", state="disconnect") # wait device disconnect

adb forward and adb reverse

Same as adb forward --list and adb reverse --list

# list all forwards
for item in adb.forward_list():
    print(item.serial, item.local, item.remote)
    # 8d1f93be tcp:10603 tcp:7912
    # 12345678 tcp:10664 tcp:7912

# list only one device forwards
for item in adb.forward_list("8d1f93be"):
    print(item.serial, item.local, item.remote)
    # 8d1f93be tcp:10603 tcp:7912
    # 12345678 tcp:10664 tcp:7912


for item in adb.reverse_list():
    print(item.serial, item.local, item.remote)

# 监控设备连接 track-devices
for event in adb.track_devices():
    print(event.present, event.serial, event.status)

## When plugin two device, output
# True WWUDU16C22003963 device
# True bf755cab device
# False bf755cab absent

# When adb-server killed, AdbError will be raised

Create socket connection to the device

For example

# minitouch: https://github.com/openstf/minitouch
c = d.create_connection("unix", "minitouch")
print(c.recv(500))
c.close()
c = d.create_connection("tcp", 7912) # the second argument must be int
c.send(b"GET / HTTP/1.1\r\nHost: localhost\r\n\r\n")
print(c.recv(500))
c.close()
# read device file
with d.create_connection(adbutils.Network.DEV, "/data/local/tmp/hello.txt") as c:
    print(c.recv(500))

There are many other usage, see SERVICES.TXT for more details

Thanks for Pull Request from @hfutxqd

Run shell command

I assume there is only one device connected.

import io
from adbutils import adb

d = adb.device()

print(d.serial) # 获取序列号

# Argument support list, str
serial = d.shell(["getprop", "ro.serial"]) # 获取Prop信息

# Same as
serial = d.shell("getprop ro.serial")

# Set timeout for shell command
d.shell("sleep 1", timeout=0.5) # Should raise adbutils.AdbTimeout

# show property, also based on d.shell
print(d.prop.name) # output example: surabaya
d.prop.model
d.prop.device
d.prop.get("ro.product.model")
d.prop.get("ro.product.model", cache=True) # a little faster, use cache data first

d.get_serialno() # same as adb get-serialno
d.get_devpath() # same as adb get-devpath
d.get_state() # same as adb get-state

Transfer files

d.sync.push(io.BytesIO(b"Hello Android"), "/data/local/tmp/hi.txt") # 推送文件

# 读取文件
for chunk in d.sync.iter_content("/data/local/tmp/hi.txt"):
    print("Chunk", chunk)

# 拷贝到本地
d.sync.pull("/data/local/tmp/hi.txt", "hi.txt")

# 获取包的信息
info = d.package_info("com.example.demo")
if info:
    print(info) 
    # output example:
    # {
    # "version_name": "1.2.3", "version_code": "12", "signature": "0xff132", 
    # "first_install_time": datetime-object, "last_update_time": datetime-object,
    # }

Extended Functions

AdbUtils provided some custom functions for some complex operations.

You can use it like this:

# install apk
d.install("apidemo.apk") # use local path
d.install("http://example.com/apidemo.apk") # install from url
# raise AdbInstallError if something went wrong

# simulate click
d.click(100, 100)

# swipe from(10, 10) to(200, 200) 500ms
d.swipe(10, 10, 200, 200, 0.5)

d.list_packages()
# example output: ["com.example.hello"]

d.window_size() 
# example output: (1080, 1920)

d.rotation()
# example output: 1
# other possible valus: 0, 1, 2, 3

d.package_info("com.github.uiautomator")
# example output: {"version_name": "1.1.7", "version_code": "1007"}

d.keyevent("HOME")

d.send_keys("hello world$%^&*") # simulate: adb shell input text "hello%sworld\%\^\&\*"

d.open_browser("https://www.baidu.com") # 打开百度
# There still too many functions, please see source codes

d.is_screen_on() # 返回屏幕是否亮屏 True or False

Screenrecord

# run screenrecord to record screen
r = d.screenrecord()
# sleep for a while, can not large then 3 minutes
r.stop() # stop recording
r.stop_and_pull("video.mp4") # stop recording and pull video to local, then remove video from device

# control start time manually
r = d.screenrecord(no_autostart=True)
r.start() # start record
r.stop_and_pull("video.mp4") # stop recording and pull video to local, then remove video from device

For further usage, please read mixin.py for details.

Run in command line 命令行使用

# List devices
$ python -m adbutils -l
8d1f93be              MI 5s
192.168.190.101:5555  Google Nexus 5X - 7.0.0 - API 24 - 1080x1920

# Show adb server version
$ python -m adbutils -V
39

# Install apk from local filesystem 安装本地apk(带有进度)
$ python -m adbutils -i some.apk
# Install apk from URL 通过URL安装apk(带有进度)
$ python -m adbutils -i http://example.com/some.apk
# Install and launch (-L or --launch)
$ python -m adbutils -i http://example.com/some.apk -L

# Uninstall 卸载应用
$ python -m adbutils -u com.github.example

# Push
$ python -m adbutils --push local.txt:/sdcard/remote.txt

# Pull
$ python -m adbutils --pull /sdcard/remote.txt # save to ./remote.txt

# List installed packages 列出所有应用
$ python -m adbutils --list-packages
com.android.adbkeyboard
com.buscode.whatsinput
com.finalwire.aida64
com.github.uiautomator

# Show URL of file QRCode 
$ python -m adbutils --qrcode some.apk
.--------.
|        |
| qrcode |
|        |
\--------/

# screenshot with screencap
$ python -m adbutils --screenshot screen.jpg 

# download minicap, minicap.so to device
$ python -m adbutils --minicap

# take screenshot with minicap
$ python -m adbutils --minicap --screenshot screen.jpg # screenshot with minicap

# Show more info for developers
$ python -m adbutils --dump-info
==== ADB Info ====
Path: /usr/local/bin/adb
Server version: 41

>> List of devices attached
- 9de75303 picasso Redmi K30 5G

# Track device status, function like: watch adb devices
$ python -m adbutils --track
15:09:59.534 08a3d291 -> device
15:10:02.683 08a3d291 -> absent
15:10:05.196 08a3d291 -> offline
15:10:06.545 08a3d291 -> absent
15:10:06.545 08a3d291 -> device

Environment variables

ANDROID_SERIAL  serial number to connect to
ANDROID_ADB_SERVER_HOST adb server host to connect to
ANDROID_ADB_SERVER_PORT adb server port to connect to

Color Logcat

For convenience of using logcat, I put put pidcat inside.

python3 -m adbutils.pidcat [package]

Experiment

Install Auto confirm supported(Beta), you need to famillar with uiautomator2 first

# Install with auto confirm (Experiment, based on github.com/openatx/uiautomator2)
$ python -m adbutils --install-confirm -i some.apk

For more usage, please see the code for details.

Examples

Record video using screenrecord

stream = d.shell("screenrecord /sdcard/s.mp4", stream=True)
time.sleep(3) # record for 3 seconds
with stream:
    stream.send("\003") # send Ctrl+C
    stream.read_until_close()

start = time.time()
print("Video total time is about", time.time() - start)
d.sync.pull("/sdcard/s.mp4", "s.mp4") # pulling video

Reading Logcat

d.shell("logcat --clear")
stream = d.shell("logcat", stream=True)
with stream:
    f = stream.conn.makefile()
    for _ in range(100): # read 100 lines
        line = f.readline()
        print("Logcat:", line.rstrip())
    f.close()

Develop

git clone https://github.com/openatx/adbutils adbutils
pip3 install -e adbutils # install as development mode

Now you can edit code in adbutils and test with

import adbutils
# .... test code here ...

Run tests requires one device connected to your computer

# change to repo directory
cd adbutils

pip3 install pytest
pytest tests/

Watch adb socket data

Watch the adb socket data using socat

$ socat -t100 -x -v TCP-LISTEN:5577,reuseaddr,fork TCP4:localhost:5037

open another terminal, type the following command then you will see the socket data

$ export ANDROID_ADB_SERVER_PORT=5577
$ adb devices

Generate TOC

gh-md-toc --insert README.md

https://github.com/ekalinin/github-markdown-toc

Thanks

Alternative

Ref

LICENSE

MIT

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