rpl

RPLCD

A Raspberry Pi LCD library for the widely used Hitachi HD44780 controller, written in Python. GPIO (parallel) and I²C modes supported.

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RPLCD

.. image:: https://img.shields.io/travis/dbrgn/RPLCD/master.svg :target: https://travis-ci.org/dbrgn/RPLCD :alt: Build Status .. image:: https://img.shields.io/pypi/v/RPLCD.svg :target: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/RPLCD/ :alt: PyPI Version .. image:: https://img.shields.io/pypi/wheel/RPLCD.svg :target: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/RPLCD/ :alt: PyPI Wheel .. image:: https://img.shields.io/pypi/pyversions/RPLCD.svg :target: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/RPLCD/ :alt: PyPI Python Versions .. image:: https://img.shields.io/badge/dependencies-0-blue.svg :target: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/RPLCD/ :alt: Dependencies .. image:: https://img.shields.io/pypi/l/RPLCD.svg :target: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/RPLCD/ :alt: License

A Python 3/2 Raspberry PI Character LCD library for the Hitachi HD44780 controller. It supports both GPIO (parallel) mode as well as boards with an I²C port expander (e.g. the PCF8574 or the MCP23008).

This library is inspired by Adafruit Industries' CharLCD library as well as by Arduino's LiquidCrystal library.

For GPIO mode, no external dependencies (except the RPi.GPIO library, which comes preinstalled on Raspbian) are needed to use this library. If you want to control LCDs via I²C, then you also need the python-smbus or smbus2 library. If you want to control the LCD with pigpio, you have to install the pigpio_ library.

If you're trying to get started with RPLCD, you should probably read the docs <#documentation>__ :)

.. image:: https://raw.github.com/dbrgn/RPLCD/master/photo-i2c.jpg :alt: Photo of 20x4 LCD in action

Setup

You can install RPLCD directly from PyPI <https://pypi.python.org/pypi/RPLCD/>_ using pip::

$ sudo pip install RPLCD

If you want to use I²C, you also need either the smbus or smbus2 <https://pypi.org/project/smbus2/>_ library::

$ sudo apt install python-smbus
or
$ sudo pip install smbus2

RPLCD will first try to use smbus if available and if not, fall back to smbus2.

You can also install the library manually without pip. Either just copy the scripts to your working directory and import them, or download the repository and run python setup.py install to install it into your Python package directory.

Features

Implemented

  • Simple to use API
  • Support for both 4 bit and 8 bit modes
  • Support for both parallel (GPIO) and I²C connection
  • Support for custom characters
  • Support for backlight control circuits
  • Built-in support for A00, A02 (standard HD44780) or ST0B (see ST7066_, page 11) character tables
  • Python 2/3 compatible
  • Caching: Only write characters if they changed
  • No external dependencies (except RPi.GPIO, and python-smbus or smbus2 if you need I²C support)

Wishlist

These things may get implemented in the future, depending on my free time and motivation:

  • MicroPython port

Supported I²C Port Expanders

  • PCF8574 (used by a lot of I²C LCD adapters on Ali Express)
  • MCP23008 (used in Adafruit I²C LCD backpack)
  • MCP23017

Documentation

Testing

Interactive Test Script

To test your LCD, please run the rplcd-tests script with the testsuite target.

Unit Tests

There are also unit tests. First, install dependencies:

pip install -U -r requirements-dev.txt

Then run the tests:

py.test -v

Coding Guidelines

PEP8 <http://www.python.org/dev/peps/pep-0008/>_ via flake8 <https://pypi.python.org/pypi/flake8> with max-line-width set to 99 and E126-E128,C901 ignored::

flake8 --max-line-length=99 --ignore=E126,E127,E128,C901 RPLCD/lcd.py

About HD44780

The HD44780 LCD controller is a controller chip for driving alphanumeric LCD displays. Though it's not manufactured anymore there are a lot of compatible chips / clones of it e.g. the ST7066 or the KS0066. Displays sold with 'HD44780' in its name today typically are built with one of those clones, though they all look the same from the outside most of the time (like in the image at the start of this README).

Resources

License

This code is licensed under the MIT license, see the LICENSE file <https://github.com/dbrgn/RPLCD/blob/master/LICENSE> or tldrlegal <http://www.tldrlegal.com/license/mit-license> for more information.

.. _charlcd: https://github.com/adafruit/Adafruit-Raspberry-Pi-Python-Code/tree/master/Adafruit_CharLCD .. _liquidcrystal: http://arduino.cc/en/Reference/LiquidCrystal .. _pigpio: http://abyz.me.uk/rpi/pigpio/ .. _st7066: https://www.sparkfun.com/datasheets/LCD/st7066.pdf

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