swi

SwiftPrettyPrint

Pretty print for Swift.

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SwiftPrettyPrint

Test CocoaPods Carthage Compatible SPM Compatible License Twitter

Logo

SwiftPrettyPrint gives Human-readable outputs than print(), debugPrint() and dump() in Swift standard library.

Screenshot

Features 🚀

  • Style
    • ✅ Single-line
    • ✅ Multi-line
  • Integration
    • ✅ LLDB
    • ✅ Terminal
    • ✅ Combine
    • RxSwift
  • Package Manager
    • ✅ Swift Package Manager
    • ✅ CocoaPods
    • ✅ Carthage
  • OS Support
    • ✅ Apple platforms
    • ✅ Linux
    • Windows

Table of Contents 📖

Motivation 💪

The print(), debugPrint() and dump() are implemented in standard library of Swift. But outputs of these functions are difficult to read sometimes.

For example, there are following types and a value:

enum Enum {
    case foo(Int)
}

struct ID {
    let id: Int
}

struct Struct {
    var array: [Int?]
    var dictionary: [String: Int]
    var tuple: (Int, string: String)
    var `enum`: Enum
    var id: ID
}

let value = Struct(array: [1, 2, nil],
                   dictionary: ["one": 1, "two": 2],
                   tuple: (1, string: "string"),
                   enum: .foo(42),
                   id: ID(id: 7))

Use Standard library of Swift

When you use the standard library, you get the following results.

print(value)
// Struct(array: [Optional(1), Optional(2), nil], dictionary: ["one": 1, "two": 2], tuple: (1, string: "string"), enum: SwiftPrettyPrintExample.Enum.foo(42), id: SwiftPrettyPrintExample.ID(id: 7))

debugPrint(value)
// SwiftPrettyPrintExample.Struct(array: [Optional(1), Optional(2), nil], dictionary: ["one": 1, "two": 2], tuple: (1, string: "string"), enum: SwiftPrettyPrintExample.Enum.foo(42), id: SwiftPrettyPrintExample.ID(id: 7))

dump(value)
// ▿ SwiftPrettyPrintExample.Struct
//   ▿ array: 3 elements
//     ▿ Optional(1)
//       - some: 1
//     ▿ Optional(2)
//       - some: 2
//     - nil
//   ▿ dictionary: 2 key/value pairs
//     ▿ (2 elements)
//       - key: "one"
//       - value: 1
//     ▿ (2 elements)
//       - key: "two"
//       - value: 2
//   ▿ tuple: (2 elements)
//     - .0: 1
//     - string: "string"
//   ▿ enum: SwiftPrettyPrintExample.Enum.foo
//     - foo: 42
//   ▿ id: SwiftPrettyPrintExample.ID
//     - id: 7

These outputs are enough informations for debugging, but not human-readable outputs.

Use SwiftPrettyPrint

With the SwiftPrittyPrint, it looks like this:

Pretty.print(value)
// Struct(array: [1, 2, nil], dictionary: ["one": 1, "two": 2], tuple: (1, string: "string"), enum: .foo(42), id: 7)

Pretty.prettyPrint(value)
// Struct(
//     array: [
//         1,
//         2,
//         nil
//     ],
//     dictionary: [
//         "one": 1,
//         "two": 2
//     ],
//     tuple: (
//         1,
//         string: "string"
//     ),
//     enum: .foo(42),
//     id: 7
// )

Of course, we also can use the SwiftPrettyPrint with LLDB. (By using LLDB integration, you can use it with shorter keywords such as _p and _pp)

(lldb) e Pretty.prettyPrint(value)
Struct(
    array: [
        1,
        2,
        nil
    ],
    dictionary: [
        "one": 1,
        "two": 2
    ],
    tuple: (
        1,
        string: "string"
    ),
    enum: .foo(42),
    id: 7
)

API

SwiftPrettyPrint has four basic functions as follows:

  • print(label: String?, _ targets: Any..., separator: String, option: Pretty.Option)
    • print in one-line.
  • prettyPrint(label: String?, _ targets: Any..., separator: String, option: Pretty.Option)
    • print in multiline.
  • printDebug(label: String?, _ targets: Any..., separator: String, option: Pretty.Option)
    • print in one-line with type-information.
  • prettyPrintDebug(label: String?, _ targets: Any..., separator: String, option: Pretty.Option)
    • print in multiline with type-information.

The only required argument is targets, it can usually be described as follows.

let array: [URL?] = [
    URL(string: "https://github.com/YusukeHosonuma/SwiftPrettyPrint"),
    nil
]

Pretty.print(array)
// => [https://github.com/YusukeHosonuma/SwiftPrettyPrint, nil]

Pretty.prettyPrint(array)
// =>
// [
//     https://github.com/YusukeHosonuma/SwiftPrettyPrint,
//     nil
// ]

Pretty.printDebug(array)
// => [Optional(URL("https://github.com/YusukeHosonuma/SwiftPrettyPrint")), nil]

Pretty.prettyPrintDebug(array)
// =>
// [
//     Optional(URL("https://github.com/YusukeHosonuma/SwiftPrettyPrint")),
//     nil
// ]

Operator-based API

You can use operator based alias APIs that like Ruby.

This isn't needed to enclose in parentheses that convenient to long expression.

p >>> 42
// => 42

p >>> 42 + 2 * 4 // It can also be applied to expression
// => 50

p >>> String(string.reversed()).hasSuffix("eH")
// => true

pp >>> ["Hello", "World"]
// =>
// [
//     "Hello",
//     "World"
// ]
Operator syntaxEquatable to
p >>> 42Pretty.print(42)
pp >>> 42Pretty.prettyPrint(42)
pd >>> 42Pretty.printDebug(42)
ppd >>> 42Pretty.prettyPrintDebug(42)

Format options

You can configure format options, shared or passed by arguments.

Indent size

You can specify indent size in pretty-print like following:

// Global option
Pretty.sharedOption = Pretty.Option(indentSize: 4)

let value = (bool: true, array: ["Hello", "World"])

// Use `sharedOption`
Pretty.prettyPrint(value)
// =>
// (
//     bool: true,
//     array: [
//         "Hello",
//         "World"
//     ]
// )

// Use option that is passed by argument
Pretty.prettyPrint(value, option: Pretty.Option(prefix: nil, indentSize: 2))
// =>
// (
//   bool: true,
//   array: [
//     "Hello",
//     "World"
//   ]
// )

Prefix and Label

You can specify a global prefix and a label (e.g. variable name) like following:

Pretty.sharedOption = Pretty.Option(prefix: "[DEBUG]")

let array = ["Hello", "World"]

Pretty.print(label: "array", array)
// => [DEBUG] array: ["Hello", "World"]

Pretty.p("array") >>> array
// => [DEBUG] array: ["Hello", "World"]

Outputting in Console.app

Applying .osLog to Option.outputStrategy makes the output be shown in Console.app:

Console.app Image

The outputs in xcode-debug-console will be the following.

Debug.sharedOption = Debug.Option(outputStrategy: .osLog)

let dog = Dog(id: DogId(rawValue: "pochi"), price: Price(rawValue: 10.0), name: "ポチ")

Debug.print(dog)
// => 2020-04-02 11:51:10.766231+0900 SwiftPrettyPrintExample[41397:2843004] Dog(id: "pochi", price: 10.0, name: "ポチ")

Integrations 🔌

LLDB

Please copy and add follows to your ~/.lldbinit (please create the file if the file doesn't exist):

command regex _p  's/(.+)/e -l swift -o -- var option = Pretty.sharedOption; option.prefix = nil; Pretty.print(%1, option: option)/'
command regex _pp 's/(.+)/e -l swift -o -- var option = Pretty.sharedOption; option.prefix = nil; Pretty.prettyPrint(%1, option: option)/'

or install via lowmad:

$ lowmad install https://github.com/YusukeHosonuma/SwiftPrettyPrint.git

Note: If you already installed 1.1.0 or older version of SwiftPrettyPrint via lowmad, please remove scripts manually before update. (e.g. rm /usr/local/lib/lowmad/commands/YusukeHosonuma-SwiftPrettyPrint/swift_pretty_print.py)

This lets you to use the lldb command in debug console as follows:

(lldb) e -l swift -- import SwiftPrettyPrint # If needed
(lldb) _p dog
Dog(id: "pochi", price: 10.0, name: "ポチ")

(lldb) _pp dog
Dog(
    id: "pochi",
    price: 10.0,
    name: "ポチ"
)

Terminal

SwiftPrettyPrint outputs log files to the following files automatically when running iOS Simulator or macOS.

  • /tmp/SwiftPrettyPrint/output.log
  • /tmp/SwiftPrettyPrint/output-colored.log (ANSI colored)

So you can read them from other tools such as tail or grep and others.

$ tail -F /tmp/SwiftPrettyPrint/output-colored.log

A output-colored.log is ANSI colorlized, so this looks beautiful on terminal.

Terminal

Customize

You can customize terminal ANSI colors by Debug.Option.theme property like as follows.

let theme = ColorTheme(
    type: { $0.green().bold() },
    nil: { $0.yellow() },
    bool: { $0.yellow() },
    string: { $0.blue() },
    number: { $0.cyan() },
    url: { $0.underline() }
)

Debug.sharedOption = Debug.Option(theme: theme)

ANSI colors can be easily specified using ColorizeSwift.

Did you create a beautiful theme?

Please add new theme to ColorTheme.swift and create PR.

public struct ColorTheme {
    ...    
+   public static let themeName = ColorTheme(
+       type: { ... },
+       nil: { ... },
+       bool: { ... },
+       string: { ... },
+       number: { ... },
+       url: { ... }
+   )
    
    public var type: (String) -> String
    public var `nil`: (String) -> String
    ...

Thanks!

Combine

You can use prettyPrint() operator in Combine framework.

[[1, 2], [3, 4]]
    .publisher
    .prettyPrint("🍌")
    .sink { _ in }
    .store(in: &cancellables)
// =>
// 🍌: receive subscription: [[1, 2], [3, 4]]
// 🍌: request unlimited
// 🍌: receive value:
// [
//     1,
//     2
// ]
// 🍌: receive value:
// [
//     3,
//     4
// ]
// 🍌: receive finished

You can specify when: and format:.

[[1, 2], [3, 4]]
    .publisher
    .prettyPrint("🍌", when: [.output, .completion], format: .singleline)
    .sink { _ in }
    .store(in: &cancellables)
// =>
// 🍌: receive value: [1, 2]
// 🍌: receive value: [3, 4]
// 🍌: receive finished

You can use alias API p() and pp() too.

[[1, 2], [3, 4]]
    .publisher
    .p("🍎")  // Output as single-line
    .pp("🍊") // Output as multiline
    .sink { _ in }
    .store(in: &cancellables)

Installation

pod "SwiftPrettyPrint", "~> 1.2.0", :configuration => "Debug" # enabled on `Debug` build only

The example app is here.

Carthage

github "YusukeHosonuma/SwiftPrettyPrint"

Swift Package Manager

Add the following line to the dependencies in your Package.swift file:

.package(url: "https://github.com/YusukeHosonuma/SwiftPrettyPrint.git", .upToNextMajor(from: "1.2.0"))

Finally, include "SwiftPrettyPrint" as a dependency for your any target:

let package = Package(
    // name, platforms, products, etc.
    dependencies: [
        .package(url: "https://github.com/YusukeHosonuma/SwiftPrettyPrint.git", .upToNextMajor(from: "1.2.0")),
        // other dependencies
    ],
    targets: [
        .target(name: "<your-target-name>", dependencies: ["SwiftPrettyPrint"]),
        // other targets
    ]
)

Alternatively, use Xcode integration. This function is available since Xcode 10.

Recommend Settings 📝

If you don't want to write an import statement when debugging.

We recommend to create Debug.swift and to declaration any type as typealias like following:

// Debug.swift
#if canImport(SwiftPrettyPrint)
    import SwiftPrettyPrint
    typealias Debug = SwiftPrettyPrint.Pretty // You can use short alias such as `D` too.
#endif

You don't need to write a import statement in each sources any longer.

// AnySource.swift
Debug.print(42)
Debug.prettyPrint(label: "array", array)

Note: This can't be used to the operator-based API such as p >>>. (This is a Swift language's limitation)

Requirements

  • Xcode 11.3+ (Swift 5.1+)
  • Platforms
    • iOS 10.0+
    • macOS 10.12+
    • watchOS 5.0+
    • tvOS 12.0+

Development

Require:

  • Xcode 11.3.1
    • Note: But run tests are failed on macOS 11.0.1, please use make test or latest version of Xcode to run unit tests.
  • pre-commit

Execute make setup to install development tools to system (not include Xcode 11.3).

$ make help
setup      Install requirement development tools to system and setup (not include Xcode 11.3)
build      swift - build
test       swift - test
xcode      swift - generate xcode project
format     format sources by SwiftFormat
lint       cocoapods - lint podspec
release    cocoapods - release
info       cocoapods - show trunk information

Author

Developed by Penginmura.

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