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Hippolyte

HTTP Stubbing in Swift

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Hippolyte

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An HTTP stubbing library written in Swift.

Requirements

  • Swift 5
  • iOS 12+
  • macOS 10.13+

Install

Cocoapods

Hippolyte is available on Cocoapods. Add it to your Podfile's test target:

pod 'Hippolyte'

Carthage

Hippolyte is also available on Carthage. Make the following entry in your Cartfile:

github "JanGorman/Hippolyte"

Then run carthage update.

Add the Hippolyte.framework to the Link Binary with Libraries.

You'll need to go through some additional steps. Please see here.

Usage

To stub a request, first you need to create a StubRequest and StubResponse. You then register this stub with Hippolyte and tell it to intercept network requests by calling the start() method.

There are convenient Builder classes for both requests and responses:

func testStub() {
  // The stub response
  let response = StubResponse.Builder()
    .stubResponse(withStatusCode: 204)
    .addHeader(withKey: "X-Foo", value: "Bar")
    .build()
  // The request that will match this URL and return the stub response
  let request = StubRequest.Builder()
    .stubRequest(withMethod: .GET, url: URL(string: "http://www.apple.com")!)
    .addResponse(response)
    .build()
  // Register the request
  Hippolyte.shared.add(stubbedRequest: request)
  // And start intercepting requests by calling start
  Hippolyte.shared.start()
  …
}

Alternatively you can also construct them directly:

func testStub() {
  let url = URL(string: "http://www.apple.com")!
  var stub = StubRequest(method: .GET, url: url)
  var response = StubResponse()
  let body = "Hippolyte".data(using: .utf8)!
  response.body = body
  stub.response = response
  Hippolyte.shared.add(stubbedRequest: stub)
  Hippolyte.shared.start()

  let expectation = self.expectation(description: "Stubs network call")
  let task = URLSession.shared.dataTask(with: url) { data, _, _ in
    XCTAssertEqual(data, body)
    expectation.fulfill()
  }
  task.resume()

  wait(for: [expectation], timeout: 1)
}

It's also possible to configure a StubRequest to use a regular expression matcher to intercept URLs. The following example also shows a StubResponse that returns a certain status code:

func testStub() throws {
  let regex = try NSRegularExpression(pattern: "http://www.google.com/+", options: [])
  var stub = StubRequest(method: .GET, urlMatcher: RegexMatcher(regex: regex))
  stub.response = StubResponse(statusCode: 404)
  Hippolyte.shared.add(stubbedRequest: stub)
  Hippolyte.shared.start()

  myFictionalDataSource.get(URL(string: "http://www.google.com/foo.html")!) {
    …
  }
}

To match a POST request on the body that's sent, Hippolyte uses a Matcher. There is a ready made DataMatcher and JSONMatcher class available to use. Say you're POSTing a JSON to your server, you could make your stub match a particular value like this:

struct MyPostBody: Codable, Hashable {
  let id: Int
  let name: String
}

func testStub() throws {
  // The POST body that you want to match
  let body = MyPostbody(id: 100, name: "Tim")
  let matcher = JSONMatcher<MyPostBody>(object: body)
  // Construct your stub response
  let response = StubResponse.Builder()
    .stubResponse(withStatusCode: 204)
    .build()
  // The request that will match the URL and the body JSON
  let request = StubRequest.Builder()
    .stubRequest(withMethod: .POST, url: URL(string: "http://www.apple.com")!)
    .addMatcher(matcher)
    .addResponse(response)
    .build()
}

Delegate

You can add an optional ResponseDelegate into the mix to be notified when a response is mocked by Hippolyte. It has only one method onResponse.

Teardown

Remember to tear down stubbing in your tests:

override func tearDown() {
  Hippolyte.shared.stop()
  super.tearDown()
}

You can configure your stub response in a number of ways, such as having it return different HTTP status codes, headers, and errors.

License

Hippolyte is released under the MIT license. See LICENSE for details

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