FactoryGentleman

A simple library to help define model factories for use when testing your iOS/Mac applications.

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FactoryGentleman Build Status coverage version platform

A simple library to help define model factories for use when testing your iOS/Mac applications. Heavily based on FactoryGirl for Ruby.

The Problem

We have a test on class SomeClass that requires an instance of Data Value Object User. The class only makes use of the username property.

In the test, we have to generate a valid User object, even though we don't care about almost all of it's properties:

SpecBegin(SomeClass)
    __block SomeClass *subject;

    before(^{
        User *user = [[User alloc] init];
        user.firstName = @"Bill";
        user.lastName = @"Smith";
        user.friendCount = 7;
        user.title = @"Mr";
        user.maidenName = @"Bloggs";
        subject = [[SomeClass alloc] initWithUser:user];
    });

    it(@"is valid", ^{
        expect([subject isValid]).to.beTruthy();
    });
});

This setup code begins to dominate even the simplest of tests, and as we start to write more tests requiring Users, we end up writing a ModelFixtures class to DRY it up a little bit:

SpecBegin(SomeClass)
    __block SomeClass *subject;

    before(^{
        User *user = [ModelFixtures user];
        subject = [[SomeClass alloc] initWithUser:user];
    });

    it(@"is valid", ^{
        expect([subject isValid]).to.beTruthy();
    });
});

This is OK for a while, but we realise then that we need multiple slightly different fixtures for different tests. The ModelFixtures class then ends up littered with extra methods to help like this:

@interface ModelFixtures : NSObject
+ (User *)user;
+ (User *)userWithFirstName:(NSString *)firstName;
+ (User *)userWithFirstName:(NSString *)firstName
                   lastName:(NSString *)lastName;
+ (User *)userWithFirstName:(NSString *)firstName
                   lastName:(NSString *)lastName
                 maidenName:(NSString *)maidenName;
@end

Introducing FactoryGentleman

With FactoryGentleman, you define the object's base fields in one file, and later build the objects, together with any overridden fields you wish.

Creating a factory

Create an implementation file (*.m) with the factory definition:

#import <FactoryGentleman/FactoryGentleman.h>

#import "User.h"

FGFactoryBegin(User)
    builder[@"firstName"] = @"Bob";
    builder[@"lastName"] = @"Bradley";
    [builder field:@"friendCount" integerValue:10];
    builder[@"title"] = @"Mr";
    builder[@"maidenName"] = @"Macallister";
FGFactoryEnd

Using the factory in your tests

#import <FactoryGentleman/FactoryGentleman.h>

#import "User.h"

SpecBegin(User)
    __block User *subject;

    before(^{
        subject = FGBuild(User.class);
    });

    it(@"is valid", ^{
        expect([subject isValid]).to.beTruthy();
    });
});

Overriding fields

You can override fields when building the objects by passing either the builder block:

#import <FactoryGentleman/FactoryGentleman.h>

#import "User.h"

SpecBegin(User)
    __block User *subject;

    context(@"when user has no first name", ^{
        before(^{
            subject = FGBuildWith(User.class, ^(FGDefinitionBuilder *builder) {
                [builder nilField:@"firstName"];
            });
        });

        it(@"is NOT valid", ^{
            expect([subject isValid]).to.beFalsy();
        });
    });
});

or by passing a dictionary of the values:

#import <FactoryGentleman/FactoryGentleman.h>

#import "User.h"

SpecBegin(User)
    __block User *subject;

    context(@"when user has no first name", ^{
        before(^{
            subject = FGBuildWith(User.class, @{ @"firstName" : @"" });
        });

        it(@"is NOT valid", ^{
            expect([subject isValid]).to.beFalsy();
        });
    });
});

Complex and Sequential Fields

You can define a field with some more complex state-dependent values using blocks:

#import <FactoryGentleman/FactoryGentleman.h>

#import "User.h"

FGFactoryBegin(User)
    __block int currentId = 0;
    [builder field:@"resourceId" by:^{
        return @(++currentId);
    }];
    builder[@"firstName"] = @"Bob";
    builder[@"lastName"] = @"Bradley";
    [builder field:@"friendCount" integerValue:10];
    builder[@"title"] = @"Mr";
    builder[@"maidenName"] = @"Macallister";
FGFactoryEnd

Immutable Properties

You can define objects with immutable (i.e. readonly) properties via listing initializer selector together with the field names needed:

#import <FactoryGentleman/FactoryGentleman.h>

#import "User.h"

FGFactoryBegin(User)
    builder[@"firstName"] = @"Bob";
    builder[@"lastName"] = @"Bradley";
    [builder field:@"friendCount" integerValue:10];
    builder[@"title"] = @"Mr";
    builder[@"maidenName"] = @"Macallister";
    [builder initWith:@selector(initWithFirstName:lastName:) fieldNames:@[ @"firstName", @"lastName" ]];
FGFactoryEnd

Associative Objects

You can define associative objects (objects that themselves have a factory definition) by giving in the name of the factory required:

#import <FactoryGentleman/FactoryGentleman.h>

#import "User.h"

FGFactoryBegin(User)
    builder[@"firstName"] = @"Bob";
    builder[@"lastName"] = @"Bradley";
    builder[@"friendCount"] = @10;
    builder[@"title"] = @"Mr";
    builder[@"maidenName"] = @"Macallister";
    [builder field:@"address" assoc:Address.class];
FGFactoryEnd

Traits

For objects with different traits, you can define them within the base definition:

#import <FactoryGentleman/FactoryGentleman.h>

#import "User.h"

FGFactoryBegin(User)
    builder[@"firstName"] = @"Bob";
    builder[@"lastName"] = @"Bradley";
    builder[@"friendCount"] = @10;
    builder[@"title"] = @"Mr";
    builder[@"maidenName"] = @"Macallister";
    [builder field:@"address" assoc:Address.class];

    traitDefiners[@"homeless"] = ^(FGDefinitionBuilder *homelessBuilder) {
        [homelessBuilder nilField:@"address"];
    };
FGFactoryEnd

These can then be used using the corresponding build macros:

subject = FGBuildTrait(User.class, @"homeless");
subject = FGBuildTraitWith(User.class, @"homeless", ^(FGDefinitionBuilder *builder) {
    builder[@"firstName"] = @"Brian";
});

as well as the associative definition:

[builder field:@"user" assoc:User.class trait:@"homeless"];

Readonly Properties

You can define values for readonly properties (non-primitive), although this functionality is not available by default. In order to set them you'll have to define FG_ALLOW_READONLY in your prefix header.

How to install

Add pod "FactoryGentleman" to your Podfile

Authors

License

FactoryGentleman is available under the MIT license. See the LICENSE file for more info.

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