uli

ulidx

ULID generator for NodeJS and the browser

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ulidx

ULID generator for NodeJS and the browser

ulidx

ULID generator library, based off of the original ulid for NodeJS and the browser. ULIDs are Universally Unique Lexicographically Sortable Identifiers. This library adheres to this specification.

The original ulid is no longer maintained, and has several outstanding compatibility-related issues that were never addressed. This library aims to address those and remain compatible in a larger range of environments.

Installation

Install using npm by running: npm install ulidx --save.

ulidx provides types and is written entirely in Typescript.

Usage

Import ulid to generate new ULIDs:

import { ulid } from "ulidx";

ulid(); // 01F7DKCVCVDZN1Z5Q4FWANHHCC

Time seed

You can also provide a time seed which will consistently give you the same string for the time component.

This is useful for migrating to ulid.

ulid(1469918176385); // 01ARYZ6S41TSV4RRFFQ69G5FAV

Monotonic ULID factory

To generate monotonically increasing ULIDs, create a monotonic counter using the factory:

import { monotonicFactory } from "ulidx";

const ulid = monotonicFactory();

// Strict ordering for the same timestamp, by incrementing the least-significant random bit by 1
ulid(150000); // 000XAL6S41ACTAV9WEVGEMMVR8
ulid(150000); // 000XAL6S41ACTAV9WEVGEMMVR9
ulid(150000); // 000XAL6S41ACTAV9WEVGEMMVRA
ulid(150000); // 000XAL6S41ACTAV9WEVGEMMVRB
ulid(150000); // 000XAL6S41ACTAV9WEVGEMMVRC

// Even if a lower timestamp is passed (or generated), it will preserve sort order
ulid(100000); // 000XAL6S41ACTAV9WEVGEMMVRD

Pseudo-Random Number Generation (PRNG)

ulidx will attempt to locate a suitable cryptographically-secure random number generator in the environment where it's loaded. On NodeJS this will be crypto.randomBytes and in the browser it will be crypto.getRandomValues.

Math.random() is not supported: The environment must have a suitable crypto random number generator.

Compatibility

ulidx is compatible with the following environments:

  • NodeJS 10 and up
  • Browsers with working crypto / msCrypto libraries
    • Web workers

Web

ulidx is not currently bundled for web - you can do this yourself using a tool like Webpack or Rollup. You should absolutely disable polyfills for crypto in this case, as ulidx will use the built-in crypto global API rather than any polyfilled crypto anyway. Including a polyfill for crypto will just bloat your application.

Goals

React-Native support, with synchronous PRNG is a goal of this library. No ETA, however.

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