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regl-line
npm i regl-line
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regl-line

Flat 2D and 3D line rending with Regl for WebGL

by Fritz Lekschas

1.0.0 (see all)License:MITTypeScript:Not Found
npm i regl-line
Readme

Regl Line

npm version build status gzipped size code style prettier regl-line demo

A regl function to conveniently draw flat 2D and 3D lines.

Click here to see ☝️ in action!

This small library is inspired by Regl's line example and Matt Deslauriers' wonderful blog post on drawing lines in WebGL.

Install

npm -i regl-line

Getting started

import createRegl from 'regl';
import createCamera from 'canvas-orbit-camera';
import createLine from 'regl-line';

// Setup the canvas
const canvas = document.getElementById('canvas');
const { width, height } = canvas.getBoundingClientRect();
canvas.width = width * resize.scale;
canvas.height = height * resize.scale;

// Setup Regl
const regl = createRegl(canvas);
const camera = createCamera(canvas);

// Create a line
const line = createLine(regl, {
  width: 2,
  color: [0.8, 0.2, 0.0, 1.0],
  is2d: true,
  // Flat list of normalized-device coordinates
  points: [-0.9, +0.9, +0.9, +0.9, +0.9, -0.9, -0.9, -0.9, -0.9, +0.85],
});

// Draw
regl.frame(() => {
  regl.clear({ color: [0, 0, 0, 1], depth: 1 });
  camera.tick();
  line.draw({ view: camera.view() });
});

For a complete example, see example/index.js.

Draw Multiple Lines At Once

To draw multiple lines, you can pass a list of lists of flat point coordinates to setPoints() or the constructor.

line.setPoints([
  [-0.8, +0.9, +0.8, +0.9], // top line
  [+0.9, +0.8, +0.9, -0.8], // right line
  [+0.8, -0.9, -0.8, -0.9], // bottom line
  [-0.9, -0.8, -0.9, +0.8], // left line
]);

Variable Line Color

To give each line an individual color, you have to do 2 things. First, you have to specify all the colors you plan to use.

line.setStyle({
  color: [
    [0, 1, 1, 1], // cyan
    [1, 1, 0, 1], // yellow
  ],
});

Next, when you set the points (with setPoints()), specify an array of indices to associate lines with your previously specified colors.

line.setPoints(points, {
  colorIndices: [
    0, //    top line will be cyan
    1, //  right line will be yellow
    0, // bottom line will be cyan
    1, //   left line will be yellow
  ],
});

Color Gradient

You could even go one step further and specify the color for each point on the line using a list of list of indices.

line.setPoints(points, {
  colorIndices: [
    [0, 0, 1, 1], //    top line will have a cyan to yellow gradient
    [1, 1, 0, 0], //  right line will have a yellow to cyan gradient
    [0, 1, 0, 1], // bottom line will have a cyan, yellow, cyan, yellow gradient
    [0, 1, 1, 0], //   left line will have a cyan, yellow, cyan gradient
  ],
});

Variable Line Opacity

To adjust, you can adjust the line width using

line.setPoints(points, {
  opacities: [
    0.25, //    top line will have an opacity of 0.25
    0.5, //  right line will have an opacity of 0.5
    0.75, // bottom line will have an opacity of 0.75
    1.0, //   left line will have an opacity of 1.0
  ],
});

Similar to color gradient, you can also specify the opacity for each point on the line using a list of list of numbers.

Variable Line Width

To adjust, you can adjust the line width using

line.setPoints(points, {
  widths: [
    1, //    top line will have a width of 1
    2, //  right line will have a width of 2
    3, // bottom line will have a width of 3
    4, //   left line will have a width of 4
  ],
});

Similar to color gradient, you can also specify the width for each point on the line using a list of list of numbers.

API

Constructor

# createLine(regl, options = {})

Create a line instance.

Args:

  1. regl [regl]: Regl instance to be used for drawing the line.
  2. options [object]: An object with the following props to customize the line creator.
    • projection [mat4]: projection matrix (Defaut: identity matrix)
    • model [mat4]: model matrix (Defaut: identity matrix)
    • view [mat4]: view matrix (Defaut: identity matrix)
    • points [array]: flat list of normalized-device coordinates alternating x,y if is2d is true or x,y,z. (Defaut: []). To draw multiple lines at once, pass in a list of lists of coordinates.
    • widths [array]: flat array of point-wise widths, i.e., the line width at every point. (Defaut: [])
    • color [array]: a quadruple of floats (RGBA) ranging in [0,1] defining the color of the line. (Defaut: [0.8, 0.5, 0, 1])
    • width [number]: uniform line width scalar. This number sets the base line width. (Defaut: 1)
    • miter [boolean]: if true line segments are miter joined. (Defaut: true)
    • is2d [boolean]: if true points are expected to have only x,y coordinates otherwise x,y,z coordinates are expected. (Defaut: false)
    • zPos2d [number]: if is2d is true this value defines the uniform z coordinate. (Defaut: 0)

Returns: line instance.

Methods

# line.clear()

Clears all of the data to remove the drawn line.

# line.destroy()

Destroys all related objects to free memory.

# line.draw({ projection, model, view })

Draws the line according to the projection, model, and view matrices.

Args:

1 options [object]:

  • projection [mat4]: projection matrix (Defaut: identity matrix)
  • model [mat4]: model matrix (Defaut: identity matrix)
  • view [mat4]: view matrix (Defaut: identity matrix)

# line.getBuffer()

Get a reference to the point, width, and color index buffer objects. This can be useful for efficient animations.

Returns: { points, widths, colorIndices }

# line.getData()

Get a reference to the buffers' typed data arrays.

Returns: { points, widths, colorIndices }

# line.getPoints()

Get the original list of points defining the line.

Return: flat array of points

# line.getStyle()

Get all the style settings.

Returns: { color, miter, width }

# line.setPoints(points, widths, is2d)

Set points defining the line, the point-wise widths, and change the dimensionality.

Args:

  1. points [array]: flat list of normalized-device coordinates alternating x,y if is2d is true or x,y,z. To draw multiple lines at once, pass in a list of lists of coordinates.
  2. widths [array]: flat array of point-wise widths, i.e., the line width at every point.
  3. is2d [boolean]: if true points are expected to have only x,y coordinates otherwise x,y,z coordinates are expected.

# line.setStyle({ color, miter, width })

Args:

  1. option [object]:
    • color [array]: a quadruple of floats (RGBA) ranging in [0,1] defining the color of the line.
    • width [number]: uniform line width scalar. This number sets the base line width.
    • miter [boolean]: if true line segments are miter joined.

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