redux-fetcher
npm i redux-fetcher

redux-fetcher

Simple isomorphic fetch for Redux

by vgno

2.1.0 (see all)License:MITTypeScript:Not Found
npm i redux-fetcher
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redux-fetcher

stability stable redux-fetcher Build Status Code Climate Coverage Status Dependency status

Really simple isomorphic fetch for Redux. Can be used in any Redux project that uses redux-api-middleware.

Recommended method for simple isomorphic HTTP data fetching in Roc.

Install

npm install --save redux-fetcher

Import

import { createFetchAction, createFetchReducer } from 'redux-fetcher';

Create your fetch actions using createFetchAction.
Create your fetch reducers using createFetchReducer.

Example Usage (HTTP GET)

The example illustrates requesting some data from the open Github API.

Define fetch identifier for this action

const FETCH_REPOS = 'repos';

This can be any unique string that will identify your request and its corresponding key in the state tree.

Create action for fetching data

const fetchRepos = createFetchAction(
    FETCH_REPOS,
    'https://api.github.com/users/rocjs/repos'
);

The action fetchRepos can then be used with dispatch() directly, or if using react-redux through mapDispatchToProps and used like normal in your React components.

Create fetch reducer for this action

The generated reducer will ensure that the state is updated according to the internal fetch actions.

const fetchReposReducer = createFetchReducer(FETCH_REPOS);

When adding your reducer to Redux using combineReducers, it is important that the key is equivalent to the action/reducer identifier above:

const myReducers = combineReducers({
    [FETCH_REPOS]: fetchReposReducer
});

Done!

For the rest of this section we assume

const state = store.getState();

After a successful dispatch of fetchRepos and its following actions your data will be in state.repos.payload along with state.repos.error and state.repos.loading. Some useful data like endpoint is also set to state.repos.meta. These can optionally be used to give a better user experience.

You can also pass in your own metadata.

How it works

When fetchAction is dispatched the following will happen internally:

  • It will check if the fetch should take place at all (See options)
  • It dispatches an action named REPOS_FETCH_PENDING
  • The fetchReposReducer handles REPOS_FETCH_PENDING and will set the state.repos.loading to true, state.repos.error to false and state.repos.meta.endpoint to the requested URL that is currently loading.
  • It (through redux-api-middleware) performs an isomorphic fetch using the url. This operation is async, and what it does depends if the fetch fails or succeeds.

If fetch succeeds

  • It dispatches an action named REPOS_FETCH_SUCCESS. The response will be stored in state.repos.payload. state.repos.error and state.repos.loading will always be false after reducing a success. Again state.repos.meta will provide endpoint, but also a response object with some basic information.

If fetch fails

  • It dispatches an action named REPOS_FETCH_FAILURE. state.repos.payload will contain the error name and message. state.repos.error will be set to true and state.repos.loading will be false after reducing an error. state.repos.meta will provide endpoint and response.

Note: In case of a network-error, redux-api-middleware will dispatch another PENDING type action, but with error set to true. See https://github.com/agraboso/redux-api-middleware/pull/26. This is likely to change in redux-api-middleware 3.x.x.

API

fetchAction(id, url, options, meta)

  • id: string uniquely identifying your fetch operation
  • url: string containing url to fetch
  • options: object
    Default options:
{
    force: false,
    method: 'GET',
    body: '',
    headers: undefined,
    credentials: undefined,
    bailout: undefined
}
    - `force`: boolean, set to true if you wish to perform fetch even if you have data in your store already. Only applies if you do not override bail yourself.
    - `method`: string, HTTP method to use in fetch.
    - `body`: string, request body to use (only applies to non-GET and non-HEAD requests)
    - `headers`: object, specify custom HTTP headers to use in your request
    - `credentials`: string, `omit`, `same-origin`, `include`. Include cookies in request?
    - `bailout`: function. Is always executed before performing a request and will abort if it evaluates to true.

    Your custom options passed will be shallow-merged with the default.
  • meta: object or function(action, state, res) that returns object
    The provided meta will be shallow-merged with the default metadata.

fetchReducer(id)

  • id: string uniquely identifying your fetch operation

Default bail:

const cached = !!state[id].payload && !force;
return state[id].loading || cached;

It will bail if it is already fetching data or if it already has data and is not forced.

Defining your own custom metadata

As mentioned in the API overview above we can enhance our resulting meta with additional data.

Examples

createFetchAction(FETH_REPOS, 'https://api.github.com/users/rocjs/repos', {}, { importantData: 'xyz'} );
or
createFetchAction(FETH_REPOS, 'https://api.github.com/users/rocjs/repos', {}, () => { importantData: 'xyz'} );

This will result in the default metadata also containing importantData: 'xyz'

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VersionTagPublished
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latest
6yrs ago
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