rtg
react-three-game-engine
npm i react-three-game-engine
rtg

react-three-game-engine

A very early experimental work-in-progress package to help provide game engine functionality for react-three-fiber

by simonghales

0.14.6 (see all)License:MITTypeScript:Built-In
npm i react-three-game-engine
Readme

⚠️ This will be replaced by an updated engine that I'm working on within a new repo. https://github.com/simonghales/rgg-engine The external API will be reasonably similar, but the internals are undergoing quite a few changes. I'm also working on an editor, you can check out a preview at https://rgg-demo.netlify.app/

⚠️ Currently under development, use at your own risk

react-three-game-engine

Version

A very early experimental work-in-progress package to help provide game engine functionality for react-three-fiber.

Key Features

  • planck.js 2d physics integration
  • Physics update rate independent of frame rate
  • OnFixedUpdate functionality
  • Additional React app running in web worker, sync'd with physics, for handling game logic etc

I will be working on an example starter-kit: react-three-game-starter which will be fleshed out over time.

Note

The planck.js integration currently isn't fully fleshed out. I've only been adding in support for functionality on an as-needed basis for my own games.

Note: if you delve into the source code for this package, it's a bit messy!

Note: right now I'm having issues getting this to run via codesandbox via create-react-app, hopefully I can resolve this eventually.

Get Started

General / Physics

  1. Install required packages

npm install react-three-game-engine

plus

npm install three react-three-fiber planck-js

  1. Create Physics Web Worker

You'll need to create your own web worker to handle the physics. You can check out my repo react-three-game-starter for an example of how you can do so with create-react-app without having to eject.

Within this worker you'll need to import physicsWorkerHandler and pass it self as the param.

Example:

// worker.js
import {physicsWorkerHandler} from "react-three-game-engine";

// because of some weird react/dev/webpack/something quirk
self.$RefreshReg$ = () => {};
self.$RefreshSig$ = () => () => {};

physicsWorkerHandler(self);
  1. Import and add <Engine/> component within your r3f <Canvas/> component.
import { Engine } from 'react-three-game-engine'
import { Canvas } from 'react-three-fiber'

And pass it the physics worker you created in the previous step.


const physicsWorker = new Worker('path/to/worker.js', { type: 'module' });
    
//...

<Canvas>
    <Engine physicsWorker={physicsWorker}>
        {/* Game components go here */}
    </Engine>
</Canvas>
  1. Create a planck.js driven physics body
import { useBody, BodyType, BodyShape } from 'react-three-game-engine'
import { Vec2 } from 'planck-js'
const [ref, api] = useBody(() => ({
    type: BodyType.dynamic,
    position: Vec2(0, 0),
    linearDamping: 4,
    fixtures: [{
        shape: BodyShape.circle,
        radius: 0.55,
        fixtureOptions: {
            density: 20,
        }
    }],
}))
  1. Control the body via the returned api
api.setLinearVelocity(Vec2(1, 1))
  1. Utilise useFixedUpdate for controlling the body
import { useFixedUpdate } from 'react-three-game-engine'

const velocity = Vec2(0, 0)

// ...

const onFixedUpdate = useCallback(() => {

    // ...

    velocity.set(xVel * 5, yVel * 5)
    api.setLinearVelocity(velocity)

}, [api])

useFixedUpdate(onFixedUpdate)

React Logic App Worker

A key feature provided by react-three-game-engine is the separate React app running within a web worker. This helps keep the main thread free to handle rendering etc, helps keep performance smooth.

To utilise this functionality you'll need to create your own web worker. You can check out my repo react-three-game-starter for an example of how you can do so with create-react-app without having to eject.

  1. Create a React component to host your logic React app, export a new component wrapped with withLogicWrapper
import {withLogicWrapper} from "react-three-game-engine";

const App = () => {
    // ... your new logic app goes here
}

export const LgApp = withLogicWrapper(App)
  1. Set up your web worker like such (note requiring the file was due to jsx issues with my web worker compiler)
/* eslint-disable no-restricted-globals */
import {logicWorkerHandler} from "react-three-game-engine";

// because of some weird react/dev/webpack/something quirk
(self).$RefreshReg$ = () => {};
(self).$RefreshSig$ = () => () => {};

logicWorkerHandler(self, require("../path/to/logic/app/component").LgApp)
  1. Import your web worker (this is just example code)
const [logicWorker] = useState(() => new Worker('../path/to/worker', { type: 'module' }))
  1. Pass worker to <Engine/>
<Engine logicWorker={logicWorker}>
    {/* ... */}
</Engine>

You should now have your Logic App running within React within your web worker, synchronised with the physics worker as well.

Controlling a body through both the main, and logic apps.

To control a body via either the main or logic apps, you would create the body within one app via useBody and then within the other app you can get api access via useBodyApi.

However you need to know the uuid of the body you wish to control. By default the uuid is one generated via threejs, but you can specify one yourself.

  1. Create body
useBody(() => ({
    type: BodyType.dynamic,
    position: Vec2(0, 0),
    linearDamping: 4,
    fixtures: [{
        shape: BodyShape.circle,
        radius: 0.55,
        fixtureOptions: {
            density: 20,
        }
    }],
}), {
    uuid: 'player'
})
  1. Get body api
const api = useBodyApi('player')

// ...

api.setLinearVelocity(Vec2(1, 1))

So with this approach, you can for example initiate your player body via the logic app, and then get api access via the main app, and use that to move the body around.

  1. Additionally, if you are creating your body in main / logic, you'll likely want to have access to the position / rotation of the body as well.

You can use useSubscribeMesh and pass in a ref you've created, which will synchronize with the physics body.

const ref = useRef<Object3D>(new Object3D())
useSubscribeMesh('player', ref.current, false)

// ...

return (
    <group ref={ref}>
        {/*...*/}
    </group>
)

Synchronising Logic App with Main App

I've added in useSyncWithMainComponent to sync from the logic app to the main app

  1. Within a component running on the logic app
const updateProps = useSyncWithMainComponent("player", "uniqueKey", {
    foo: "bar"
})

// ...

updateProps({
    foo: "updated"
})


  1. Then within the main app
const Player = ({foo}) => {
    // foo -> "bar"
    // foo -> "updated"
}

const mappedComponents = {
    "player": Player
}

<Engine logicWorker={logicWorker} logicMappedComponents={mappedComponents}>
    {/* ... */}
</Engine>

When useSyncWithMainComponent is mounted / unmounted, the <Player/> component will mount / unmount.

Note: currently this only supports sync'ing from logic -> main, but I will add in the reverse soon.

Communication

To communicate between the main and logic workers you can use useSendMessage to send and useOnMessage to subscribe

import {useSendMessage} from "react-three-game-engine"

// ...

const sendMessage = useSendMessage()

// ...

sendMessage('messageKey', "any-data")

import {useOnMessage} from "react-three-game-engine"

// ...

const onMessage = useOnMessage()

// ...

const unsubscribe = onMessage('messageKey', (data) => {
  // data -> "any-data"
})

// ...

unsubscribe()

API

Read the API documentation

Downloads/wk

2

GitHub Stars

26

LAST COMMIT

1yr ago

MAINTAINERS

1

CONTRIBUTORS

1

OPEN ISSUES

1

OPEN PRs

0
VersionTagPublished
0.14.6
latest
1yr ago
0.15.0-beta.5
beta
7mos ago
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