postfix-parser

Postfix Log Parser

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Postfix Parser

It parses postfix log entries.

var parser = require('postfix-parser');

Each postfix program (smtp/qmgr/cleanup/etc..) has its own format. See the test file for complete examples.

Functions

asObject

Call with a syslog line:

parser.asObject('Jul  5 06:52:11 mx1 postfix/qmgr[20459]: 3mPVKl...');

Returns an object:

{
    date: 'Jul  5 06:52:11',
    host: 'prd-mx1',
    prog: 'postfix/qmgr',
    pid: '20459',
    qid: '3mPVKl0Mhjz7sXv',
    size: '2666',
    nrcpt: '2',
}

asObjectType

requires two positional arguments:

  1. type (see Parser Types)
  2. a single line syslog entry (or snippet)

asObjectType is most useful when the log lines have already been partially parsed, such as by Logstash.

Typical Usage

var parsed = parser.asObject('syslog', data);
if (!parsed) {
    // unparseable syslog line
    return;
}

if (!/^postfix/.test(parsed.prog)) {
    // not a postfix line
    return;
}

var msg = parser.asObject(parsed.prog, parsed.msg);

msg is an object of parsed.prog type (see examples below)

Parser Types

syslog

asObject(
    'syslog',
    'Jul  5 06:52:11 prd-mx1 postfix/qmgr[20459]: 3mPVKl0Mhjz7sXv: from=<>, size=2666, nrcpt=2 (queue active)'
);

Returns:

{
    date: 'Jul  5 06:52:11',
    host: 'prd-mx1',
    prog: 'postfix/qmgr',
    pid: '20459',
    msg: '3mPVKl0Mhjz7sXv: from=<>, size=2666, nrcpt=2 (queue active)',
}

This is comparable to what you'd already have in Elasticsearch if you had imported your logs using Logstash.

qmgr

asObject('3mPVKl0Mhjz7sXv: from=<>, size=2666, nrcpt=2 (queue active)');

Returns:

{
    qid: '3mPVKl0Mhjz7sXv',
    from: ''
    size: '2666',
    nrcpt: '2',
}

smtp

asObject('3mPVKl0Mhjz7sXv: to=<sam.bck@example.org>, relay=mafm.example.org[24.100.200.21]:25, conn_use=2, delay=1.2, delays=0.76/0.01/0.09/0.34, dsn=2.0.0, status=sent (250 2.0.0 t5UI2nBt018923-t5UI2nBw018923 Message accepted for delivery)');

Returns:

{
    qid: '3mPVKl0Mhjz7sXv',
    to: 'sam.bck@example.org',
    relay: 'mafm.example.org[24.100.200.21]:25',
    conn_use: '2',
    delay: '1.2',
    delays: '0.76/0.01/0.09/0.34',
    dsn: '2.0.0',
    status: 'sent (250 2.0.0 t5UI2nBt018923-t5UI2nBw018923 Message accepted for delivery)',
}

cleanup

asObject('3mKxs35RQsz7sXF: message-id=<3mKxs308vpz7sXd@mx14.example.net>');

Returns:

{
    qid: '3mKxs35RQsz7sXF',
    'message-id': '3mKxs308vpz7sXd@mx14.example.net',
}

error

asObject('3mJddz5fh3z7sdM: to=<rcarey@example.tv>, relay=none, delay=165276, delays=165276/0.09/0/0.09, dsn=4.4.1, status=deferred (delivery temporarily suspended: connect to 24.200.177.247[24.200.177.247]:25: Connection timed out)')

Returns:

{
    qid: '3mJddz5fh3z7sdM',
    to: 'rcarey@example.tv',
    relay: 'none',
    delay: '165276',
    delays: '165276/0.09/0/0.09',
    dsn: '4.4.1',
    status: 'deferred (delivery temporarily suspended: connect to 24.200.177.247[24.200.177.247]:25: Connection timed out)',
}

bounce

asObject('3mKxY750hmz7scK: sender non-delivery notification: 3mKxYH0vl4z7sWS')

Returns:

{
    qid: '3mKxY750hmz7scK',
    dsnQid: '3mKxYH0vl4z7sWS',
}

scache

asObject('statistics: domain lookup hits=0 miss=3 success=0%')

Returns:

{
    statistics: 'domain lookup hits=0 miss=3 success=0%',
}

pickup

asObject('3mKxs308vpz7sXd: uid=1206 from=<system>')

Returns:

{
    qid: '3mKxs308vpz7sXd',
    'uid': '1206',
    from: 'system',
}

local

asObject('3mLQKH6hqhz7sWK: to=<logspam@system.alerts>, relay=local, delay=3.1, delays=1.8/0.86/0/0.44, dsn=2.0.0, status=sent (forwarded as 3mLQKK4rDdz7sVS)')

Returns:

{
    qid: '3mLQKH6hqhz7sWK',
    to: 'logspam@system.alerts',
    relay: 'local',
    delay: '3.1',
    delays: '1.8/0.86/0/0.44',
    dsn: '2.0.0',
    status: 'forwarded',
    forwardedAs: '3mLQKK4rDdz7sVS',
}

See also

See log-ship-elastic-postfix for an example of combining all log entries for a single message into a normalized document.

Copyright 2015 by eFolder, Inc.

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