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node-redis-queue

Simple queueing and work queues provided by this message oriented middleware

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node-redis-queue

Overview

This is a very simple queing wrapper for Redis that is intended for communication between separate processes. It comes with two APIs:

  1. Channel -- the push/pop interface

    The process creates an instance of Channel. The sending process uses the Channel instance to push data onto the queue via the push function. The receiving process uses the Channel instance to remove data from the same queue via the pop function, which delivers the data to a callback function which accepts a single data parameter. Some variants of the pop function may have a timeout parameter so they don't block indefinitely.

  2. WorkQueueMgr -- the send/consume interface

    The process creates an instance of WorkQueueMgr. Then, it uses that instance to create one or more instances of WorkQueue, each representing a different queue having a unique name. The sending process uses a WorkQueue instance to send data to the corresponding queue via the send function. The receiving process uses a WorkQueue instance to remove data from the corresponding queue via the consume function, which delivers the data to a callback function which accepts a data parameter and an ack parameter. The latter is a function that is called to indicate that the callback function is complete and is ready to accept some additional data, if any, in the queue. See the usage examples below and also the worker03 and worker04 files in the demo src or lib directories for examples of how to do this. To achieve greater throughput with consume, one may specify the number of async callback functions to operate in parallel. The later feature is referred to as 'arity'. One also may specify a timeout parameter so that consume doesn't block indefinitely.

    consume is different from pop in that a single call to consume can fetch multiple data items from the given queue, while pop must be called repeatedly to fetch items from the queue.

##Details of the Channel Interface

The Channel interface is implemented with a single Channel class, which represents a Redis client connection. It wraps a redis module client object, which may be accessed as a property.

###The public methods of the Channel class are:

####constructor(configFilePath)

Optionally, takes a config file path, which may be overridden by the QUEUE_CONFIG_PATH environment variable. One accesses the constructor most typically by something like var channel = new Channel();.

####connect(onReadyCB)

Obtains a single Redis client connection using the config file information. We refer to this as 'half-duplex' mode. This method calls the given callback when the connection is ready. The client property provides access to this connection, which is used internally for both push/send and pop/consume operations.

####connect2(onReadyCB)

Obtains two Redis client connections using the config file information. We refer to this as 'full-duplex' mode. This method calls the given callback when the connection is ready. The client2 property is used internally for push/send, while the client property is used for pop/consume. Use this feature to avoid hangs on push/send when multiple pop/consume operations may be outstanding.

####attach(client, client2)

This is an alternative to calling connect. It attaches to the given Redis client connection or connections. The client2 parameter is optional and may be omitted.

####push(queueName, data)

Pushes the given data into the queue specified by the given queue name.

####pop(queueName, onDataCB)

Blocks indefinitely waiting for data to become available in the queue specified by the given queue name, at which time it calls the given callback with a single data parameter.

####popTimeout(queueName, timeout, onDataCB)

Blocks waiting for data to become available in the queue specified by the given queue name. While waiting, it may time out after the specified timeout interval (seconds), at which time it emits a timeout event and returns. Once data becomes available, it calls the callback with a single data parameter.

####popAny(queueNames..., onDataCB)

Blocks indefinitely waiting for data to become available in any of the queues specified by the given queue names, at which time it calls the given callback with two parameters: a queue name and a data parameter.

####popAnyTimeout(queueNames..., timeout, onDataCB)

Blocks waiting for data to become available in any of the queues specified by the given queue names. While waiting, it may time out after the specified timeout interval (seconds), at which time it emits a timeout event and returns. Once data becomes available, it calls the callback with two parameters: a queue name and a data parameter.

####clear(queueNames..., onClearCB)

Removes the data from the queues specified by the given queue names. Calls the given callback function once all the given queues have been cleared.

####disconnect()

Quits accepting data and closes the connection.

####end()

Closes the connection.

####shutdownSoon(delay)

Closes the connection after waiting for the redis client's offline_queue_length to go to zero. The delay specifies the interval at which the offline_queue_length will be checked. Defaults to 500 milliseconds.

####commandQueueLength()

Returns the size of the Redis client's command queue (i.e., commands queued to be sent to Redis).

###The public properties of the Channel class are:

####client

This is a Redis client connection used for both push/send and pop/consume operations if opened with connect. However, if opened with connect2, it is used only for pop/consume operations.

####client2

This also is a Redis client connection. If opened with connect, it is the same connection as the client property. However, if opened with connect2, it is a seperate connection used only for push/send operations.

####outstanding

This is a count of the number of pop/consume operations currently outstanding.

##Details of the WorkQueueMgr Interface

This interface is implemented with two classes: WorkQueue and WorkQueueMgr. The WorkQueue class represents a single queue identified by its name. The WorkQueueMgr class represents a collection of WorkQueue instances. It wraps a Channel instance that provides the Redis connection and push and pop functionality for those work queues.

###The public methods of the WorkQueue class are:

####send(data)

Pushes data into the associated work queue.

####consume(onDataCB, arity, timeout)

Consumes data that becomes available in the associated work queue. The arity and timeout parameters are optional and default to 1 and 0 respectively. A zero timeout implies indefinite blocking.

####clear(onClearCB)

Removes the data from the associated queue. Calls the given callback when the operation is complete.

####destroy()

Destroys the meta-data about this WorkQueue instance in the associated WorkQueueMgr class.

###The public properties of the WorkQueue class are:

####queueName

The name of the work queue represented by this class instance.

###The public methods of the WorkQueueMgr class are:

####constructor(configFilePath)

Optionally, takes a config file path, which may be overridden by the QUEUE_CONFIG_PATH environment variable. Creates an internal Channel instance.

####connect(onReadyCB)

Obtains a single Redis client connection using the config file information. We refer to this as 'half-duplex' mode. This method calls the given callback when the connection is ready. The channel's client property provides access to this connection, which is used internally for both push/send and pop/consume operations.

####connect2(onReadyCB)

Obtains two Redis client connections using the config file information. We refer to this as 'full-duplex' mode. This method calls the given callback when the connection is ready. The channel's client2 property is used internally for push/send, while the channel's client property is used for pop/consume. Use this feature to avoid hangs on push/send when multiple pop/consume operations may be outstanding.

####attach(client, client2)

This is an alternative to calling connect. It attaches to a given Redis client connection or connections. The client2 parameter is optional and may be omitted.

####createQueue(queueName)

Returns a WorkQueue instance for the given queue name.

####clear(queueNames..., onClearCB)

Removes the data from one or more queues specified by the given queue names. Calls the given callback function once all the given queues have been cleared.

####clearAll(onClearCB)

Removes data from all the queues that have been created by this WorkQueueMgr instance and not subsequently destroyed. Calls the given callback function once all the queues have been cleared.

####disconnect()

Quits accepting data and closes the connection.

####end()

Closes the connection.

####shutdownSoon(delay)

Closes the connection after waiting for the redis client's offline_queue_length to go to zero. The delay specifies the interval at which the offline_queue_length will be checked. Defaults to 500 milliseconds.

####commandQueueLength()

Returns the size of the Redis client's command queue (i.e., commands queued to be sent to Redis).

###The public properties of the WorkQueueMgr class are:

####channel

This property provides access to the internal Channel instance, which may have been opened in 'half-duplex' mode or 'full-duplex' mode, depending on whether connect or connect2 was used to open the channel.

You may use the channel property, for example, to push response data to an arbitrary result queue when consuming a request queue where the request specifies the name of the response queue to use. The worker04 demo code shows how to do this.

##Events Emitted by Both Interfaces

####'error'

Emitted when an error is reported by Redis.

####'end'

Emitted when a connection to the Redis server has been lost.

####'timeout'

Emitted when a timeout occurs on a popTimeout operation, popAnyTimeout operation, or on a consume operation with a timeout specified. The callback provided to on 'timeout' receives two parameters:

  1. queueNames -- one or more queue names on which the operation was waiting when the timeout occurred.

  2. cancel -- a function that may be called to prevent another outstanding blocking operation from being performed. This is useful, for example, to get a clean exit from a test case.

####'drain'

Emitted when the TCP connection to the Redis server has been buffering, but is now writable. This event can be used to stream commands in to Redis and adapt to backpressure: Call commandQueueLength to detect when the length is too much, then use the 'drain' event to resume sending data to the queue or queues.

##Installation

npm install node-redis-queue --save

##Configuration

Sample configuration files may be found in the sample-configs directory. In each config file, the redis_provider type setting specifies the strategy to use. The verbose setting, if true, specifies to display the config file settings on startup.

The environment variable QUEUE_CONFIG_FILE specifies which config file is to be used. If not set, it defaults to node-redis-queue/redis-queue-config.json, which specifies to use the local Redis server with no password. If you do nothing, that is what you get.

Currently implemented strategies are:

####connStrategyDefaultLocal

Local Redis server, no password

####connStrategyCustom

Configurable host, port, and password; defaults to local Redis server, no password

####connStrategyHerokuRedisCloud

Host, port, and password specified by REDISCLOUD_URL environment variable; if not set, then defaults to local Redis server, no password

####connStrategyBlueMixRedisCloud

Host, port, and password specified by VCAP_SERVICES environment variable; if not set, then defaults to local Redis server, no password

Note that redisQueueConfig determines which strategy is used to configure the client. It is easy to add your own strategy.

##Usage

###Coffescript Usage Examples

See the Coffeescript usage examples here.

###Javascript Usage Examples

See the Javascript usage examples here.

##Running the demos

Instructions for running the demo code may be found here.

##Developer Info

For developers who wish to make changes to the code, information on running the test suite and how to use grunt may be found here;

##Change Log

View the change log here.

##Architecture Notes

The Channel class is a very thin wrapper around existing redis module functions. It delegates all its operations to that module. The Channel class uses different strategies to connect to redis. A config file specifies which strategy to use and also supplies options to the redis module.

The WorkQueueMgr class serves as a factory for WorkQueue class instances.

The WorkQueueMgr class delegates queue send and consume to the Channel class. It maintains a hash of queues created (@queue), which defines which queues currently are valid. For each queue that is consuming data, it maintains an entry in a hash of callbacks (@consumingCB) and and an entry in an ordered list of names of queues currently being consumed (@consumingNames). The ordered list of names represents the priority for consumption of queue data and is used by the consume function as the list of queues to be monitored by qmgr.popAny.

The WorkQueue class is a very simple envelope wrapping four functions, each bound to an instance of the WorkQueueMgr class and the queue name, effectively delegating all operations to the WorkQueueMgr class and to that particular queue.

##Historical Note

Part of this work is derived from node-simple-redis-queue v0.9.3 by James Smith and retains the same license. However, the current version bears almost no resemblance to James' project.

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