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ngx-drag-drop
npm i ngx-drag-drop
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ngx-drag-drop

Angular directives using the native HTML Drag And Drop API

by Stefan Steinhart

15.0.1 (see all)License:BSD-3-ClauseTypeScript:Built-In
npm i ngx-drag-drop
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NgxDragDrop

Demo / StackBlitz Issue Template

npm install ngx-drag-drop --save

Angular directives for declarative drag and drop using the HTML5 Drag-And-Drop API

  • sortable lists by using placeholder element (vertical and horizontal)
  • nestable
  • dropzones optionally support external/native draggables (img, txt, file)
  • conditional drag/drop
  • typed drag/drop
  • utilize EffectAllowed
  • custom CSS classes
  • touch support by using a polyfill
  • AOT compatible

Port of angular-drag-drop-lists but without the lists 😉

This has dropzones though 👍 The idea is that the directive does not handle lists internally so the dndDropzone can be general purpose.

Usage

app.component.html

<!--a draggable element-->
<div [dndDraggable]="draggable.data"
     [dndEffectAllowed]="draggable.effectAllowed"
     [dndDisableIf]="draggable.disable"
     (dndStart)="onDragStart($event)"
     (dndCopied)="onDraggableCopied($event)"
     (dndLinked)="onDraggableLinked($event)"
     (dndMoved)="onDraggableMoved($event)"
     (dndCanceled)="onDragCanceled($event)"
     (dndEnd)="onDragEnd($event)">
      
    <!--if [dndHandle] is used inside dndDraggable drag can only start from the handle-->
    <div *ngIf="draggable.handle"
         dndHandle>HANDLE
    </div>
    
    draggable ({{draggable.effectAllowed}}) <span [hidden]="!draggable.disable">DISABLED</span>
    
    <!--optionally select a child element as drag image-->
    <div dndDragImageRef>DRAG_IMAGE</div>
    
</div>

<!--a dropzone-->
<!--to allow dropping content that is not [dndDraggable] set dndAllowExternal to true-->
<section dndDropzone
         (dndDragover)="onDragover($event)"
         (dndDrop)="onDrop($event)">
      
    dropzone 
    
    <!--optional placeholder element for dropzone-->
    <!--will be removed from DOM on init-->
    <div style="border: 1px orangered solid; border-radius: 5px; padding: 15px;"
         dndPlaceholderRef>
        placeholder
    </div>

</section>

app.component

import { Component } from '@angular/core';

import { DndDropEvent } from 'ngx-drag-drop';

@Component()
export class AppComponent {
  
  draggable = {
    // note that data is handled with JSON.stringify/JSON.parse
    // only set simple data or POJO's as methods will be lost 
    data: "myDragData",
    effectAllowed: "all",
    disable: false,
    handle: false
  };
  
  onDragStart(event:DragEvent) {

    console.log("drag started", JSON.stringify(event, null, 2));
  }
  
  onDragEnd(event:DragEvent) {
    
    console.log("drag ended", JSON.stringify(event, null, 2));
  }
  
  onDraggableCopied(event:DragEvent) {
    
    console.log("draggable copied", JSON.stringify(event, null, 2));
  }
  
  onDraggableLinked(event:DragEvent) {
      
    console.log("draggable linked", JSON.stringify(event, null, 2));
  }
    
  onDraggableMoved(event:DragEvent) {
    
    console.log("draggable moved", JSON.stringify(event, null, 2));
  }
      
  onDragCanceled(event:DragEvent) {
    
    console.log("drag cancelled", JSON.stringify(event, null, 2));
  }
  
  onDragover(event:DragEvent) {
    
    console.log("dragover", JSON.stringify(event, null, 2));
  }
  
  onDrop(event:DndDropEvent) {
  
    console.log("dropped", JSON.stringify(event, null, 2));
  }
}

app.module

import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';

import { DndModule } from 'ngx-drag-drop';

import { AppComponent } from './app.component';

@NgModule({
  declarations: [
    AppComponent
  ],
  imports: [
    BrowserModule,
    DndModule
  ],
  providers: [],
  bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule { 
}

API

// https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/DataTransfer/dropEffect
export type DropEffect = "move" | "copy" | "link" | "none";

// https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/DataTransfer/effectAllowed
export type EffectAllowed = DropEffect | "copyMove" | "copyLink" | "linkMove" | "all";
export type DndDragImageOffsetFunction = ( event:DragEvent, dragImage:Element ) => { x:number, y:number };

@Directive( {
  selector: "[dndDraggable]"
} )
export declare class DndDraggableDirective {

    // the data attached to the drag
    dndDraggable: any;
    
    // the allowed drop effect
    dndEffectAllowed: EffectAllowed;
    
    // optionally set the type of dragged data to restrict dropping on compatible dropzones
    dndType?: string;
    
    // conditionally disable the draggability
    dndDisableIf: boolean;
    dndDisableDragIf: boolean;
    
    // set a custom class that is applied while dragging
    dndDraggingClass: string = "dndDragging";
    
    // set a custom class that is applied to only the src element while dragging
    dndDraggingSourceClass: string = "dndDraggingSource";
    
    // set the class that is applied when draggable is disabled by [dndDisableIf]
    dndDraggableDisabledClass = "dndDraggableDisabled";
    
    // enables to set a function for calculating custom dragimage offset
    dndDragImageOffsetFunction:DndDragImageOffsetFunction = calculateDragImageOffset;
    
    // emits on drag start
    readonly dndStart: EventEmitter<DragEvent>;
    
    // emits on drag
    readonly dndDrag: EventEmitter<DragEvent>;
    
    // emits on drag end
    readonly dndEnd: EventEmitter<DragEvent>;
    
    // emits when the dragged item has been dropped with effect "move"
    readonly dndMoved: EventEmitter<DragEvent>;
    
    // emits when the dragged item has been dropped with effect "copy"
    readonly dndCopied: EventEmitter<DragEvent>;
    
    // emits when the dragged item has been dropped with effect "link"
    readonly dndLinked: EventEmitter<DragEvent>;
    
    // emits when the drag is canceled
    readonly dndCanceled: EventEmitter<DragEvent>;
}
export interface DndDropEvent {

    // the original drag event
    event: DragEvent;
    
    // the actual drop effect
    dropEffect: DropEffect;
    
    // true if the drag did not origin from a [dndDraggable]
    isExternal:boolean;
    
    // the data set on the [dndDraggable] that started the drag 
    // for external drags use the event property which contains the original drop event as this will be undefined
    data?: any;
    
    // the index where the draggable was dropped in a dropzone
    // set only when using a placeholder
    index?: number;
    
    // if the dndType input on dndDraggable was set
    // it will be transported here
    type?: any;
}

@Directive( {
  selector: "[dndDropzone]"
} )
export declare class DndDropzoneDirective {

    // optionally restrict the allowed types
    dndDropzone?: string[];
    
    // set the allowed drop effect
    dndEffectAllowed: EffectAllowed;
    
    // conditionally disable the dropzone
    dndDisableIf: boolean;
    dndDisableDropIf: boolean;
    
    // if draggables that are not [dndDraggable] are allowed to be dropped
    // set to true if dragged text, images or files should be handled
    dndAllowExternal: boolean;
    
    // if its a horizontal list this influences how the placeholder position
    // is calculated
    dndHorizontal: boolean;
    
    // set the class applied to the dropzone
    // when a draggable is dragged over it
    dndDragoverClass: string = "dndDragover";
    
    // set the class applied to the dropzone
    // when the dropzone is disabled by [dndDisableIf] 
    dndDropzoneDisabledClass = "dndDropzoneDisabled";
    
    // emits when a draggable is dragged over the dropzone
    readonly dndDragover: EventEmitter<DragEvent>;
    
    // emits on successful drop
    readonly dndDrop: EventEmitter<DndDropEvent>;
}

Touch support

Install the mobile-drag-drop module available on npm.

Add the following lines to your js code

import { polyfill } from 'mobile-drag-drop';
// optional import of scroll behaviour
import { scrollBehaviourDragImageTranslateOverride } from "mobile-drag-drop/scroll-behaviour";

polyfill( {
  // use this to make use of the scroll behaviour
  dragImageTranslateOverride: scrollBehaviourDragImageTranslateOverride
} );

// workaround to make scroll prevent work in iOS Safari > 10
try {
  window.addEventListener( "touchmove", function() { }, { passive: false } );
}
catch(e){}

For more info on the polyfill check it out on GitHub https://github.com/timruffles/mobile-drag-drop

Known issues

Firefox

Why?

HTML Drag-And-Drop API implementations are not behaving the same way across browsers.

The directives contained in this module enable declarative drag and drop that "just works" across browsers in a consistent way.

Credits go to the author and contributors of angular-drag-drop-lists.