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mqtt-react-hooks
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mqtt-react-hooks

ReactJS library for Pub/Sub communication with an MQTT broker using Hooks

by Victor Hermes

2.0.3 (see all)License:MITTypeScript:Built-In
npm i mqtt-react-hooks
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Overview

This library is focused in help you to connect, publish and subscribe to a Message Queuing Telemetry Transport (MQTT) in ReactJS with the power of React Hooks.

Flow of Data

  1. WiFi or other mobile sensors publish data to an MQTT broker
  2. ReactJS subscribes to the MQTT broker and receives the data using MQTT.js
  3. React's state is updated and the data is passed down to stateless components

Key features

  • React Hooks;
  • Beautiful syntax;
  • Performance focused;

Installation

Just add mqtt-react-hooks to your project:

yarn add mqtt-react-hooks

Hooks availables

  • useMqttState -> return { connectionStatus, client, message }
  • useSubscription(topic: string | string[], options?: {} ) -> return { client, topic, message, connectionStatus }

Usage

Currently, mqtt-react-hooks exports one enhancers. Similarly to react-redux, you'll have to first wrap a root component with a Connector which will initialize the mqtt instance.

Root component

The only property for the connector is the connection information for mqtt.Client#connect

Example Root component:

import React from 'react';

import { Connector } from 'mqtt-react-hooks';
import Status from './Status';

export default function App() {
  return (
    <Connector brokerUrl="wss://test.mosquitto.org:1884">
      <Status />
    </Connector>
  );
}

Example Connection Status

import React from 'react';

import { useMqttState } from 'mqtt-react-hooks';

export default function Status() {
  /*
   * Status list
   * - Offline
   * - Connected
   * - Reconnecting
   * - Closed
   * - Error: printed in console too
   */
  const { connectionStatus } = useMqttState();

  return <h1>{`Status: ${connectionStatus}`}</h1>;
}

Subscribe

Example Posting Messages

MQTT Client is passed on useMqttState and can be used to publish messages via mqtt.Client#publish and don't need Subscribe

import React from 'react';
import { useMqttState } from 'mqtt-react-hooks';

export default function Status() {
  const { client } = useMqttState();

  function handleClick(message) {
    return client.publish('esp32/led', message);
  }

  return (
    <button type="button" onClick={() => handleClick('false')}>
      Disable led
    </button>
  );
}

Example Subscribing and Receiving messages

import React from 'react';

import { useSubscription } from 'mqtt-react-hooks';

export default function Status() {
  /* Message structure:
   *  topic: string
   *  message: string
   */
  const { message } = useSubscription([
    'room/esp32/testing',
    'room/esp32/light',
  ]);

  return (
    <>
      <div style={{ display: 'flex', flexDirection: 'column' }}>
        <span>{`topic:${message.topic} - message: ${message.message}`}</span>
      </div>
    </>
  );
}

Tips

  1. If you need to change the format in which messages will be inserted in message useState, you can pass the option of parserMethod in the Connector:
import React, { useEffect, useState } from 'react';
import { Connector, useSubscription } from 'mqtt-react-hooks';

const Children = () => {
  const { message, connectionStatus } = useSubscription('esp32/testing/#');
  const [messages, setMessages] = useState < any > [];

  useEffect(() => {
    if (message) setMessages((msgs: any) => [...msgs, message]);
  }, [message]);

  return (
    <>
      <span>{connectionStatus}</span>
      <hr />
      <span>{JSON.stringify(messages)}</span>
    </>
  );
};

const App = () => {
  return (
    <Connector
      brokerUrl="wss://test.mosquitto.org:1884"
      parserMethod={msg => msg} // msg is Buffer
    >
      <Children />
    </Connector>
  );
};

Contributing

Thanks for being interested on making this package better. We encourage everyone to help improving this project with some new features, bug fixes and performance issues. Please take a little bit of your time to read our guides, so this process can be faster and easier.

License

MIT ©

Downloads/wk

1.5K

GitHub Stars

53

LAST COMMIT

7mos ago

MAINTAINERS

1

CONTRIBUTORS

7

OPEN ISSUES

12

OPEN PRs

6
VersionTagPublished
2.0.3
latest
1yr ago
2.0.0-beta.0
beta
2yrs ago
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