MonetDB RESTful Proxy





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MonetDB RESTful Proxy

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A proxy for MonetDB that provides a RESTful interface and extended documents support. It currently intended for as an experiment, rather than a complete replacement of the MonetDB SQL interface and MAPI protocol. Having said that, the proxy is meant to be extensible (see below).

Installation and start

Run npm install [-g] monetdb-rest to install any dependencies

Run npm start to start the MonetDB RESTful Proxy. The Node.js process will start on port 8888.


Database management

HTTP methodURI pathBodyDescription
GET/database/_allList all attached databases
PUT/database/<database-name>Content-Type: application/json
"host" : "<hostname>",
"port" : <port>,
"user" : "<username>",
"password" : "<password>"
Attach a database with the specified name and connection
DELETE/database/<database-name>Detach the database with the specified name
GET/database/<database-name>/_connectionShow the database connection info
GET/database/<database-name>/_apiList all available endpoints at database level

Data management

HTTP methodURI pathBodyDescription
GET/database/<database-name>/schema/_allList all schemas
GET/database/<database-name>/schema/<schema-name>/_apiList all available endpoints at schema level
GET/database/<database-name>/schema/<schema-name>/table/_allList all available tables for the schema
POST/database/<database-name>/schema/<schema-name>/table/Content-Type: application/json
"table" : "<table-name>",
"columns" : {
"<column-name-1>": "<data-type-1>",
"<column-name-2>": "<data-type-2>"
Create a new table with the specified name and columns
GET/database/<database-name>/schema/<schema-name>/table/<table-name>/_infoShow table info
GET/database/<database-name>/schema/<schema-name>/table/<table-name>/_allGet all rows and columns
POST/database/<database-name>/schema/<schema-name>/table/<table-name>Content-Type: application/json
"values": [<value-1>, <value-2>]
Insert values into table
POST/database/<database-name>/schema/<schema-name>/table/<table-name>Content-Type: application/json
"values" : {
"<column-name-1>": <value-1>,
"<column-name-2>": <value-2>
Insert values into the specified columns on a table
GET/database/<database-name>/schema/<schema-name>/table/<table-name>?columns=<column-name-1>,<column-name-2>Get all values for the specified columns
GET/database/<database-name>/schema/<schema-name>/table/<table-name>?filter_<column-name>=<value>Get all matching the filter
GET/database/<database-name>/schema/<schema-name>/table/<table-name>?orderBy=<column-name>Order the results but a column-name
GET/database/<database-name>/schema/<schema-name>/table/<table-name>?limit=<value>Limit the results to the specified number of first values
PUT/database/<database-name>/schema/<schema-name>/table/<table-name>?filter_<column-name>=<value>Content-Type: application/json
"<column-name-1>": <updated-value-1>,
"<column-name-2>": <updated-value-2>
Update the records matching the filter with the specified values
DELETE/database/<database-name>/schema/<schema-name>/table/<table-name>Delete the records matching the filter
GET/database/<database-name>/schema/<schema-name>/view/_allShows all views for the specified schema
POST/database/<database-name>/schema/<schema-name>/view/Content-Type: application/json
"view": "<view-name>",
"query": "<SQL-query>"
Create a view with the specified name and SQL query
GET/database/<database-name>/schema/<schema-name>/view/<view-name>/_infoGet the view info
GET/database/<database-name>/schema/<schema-name>/view/<view-name>Get the view records
DELETE/database/<database-name>/schema/<schema-name>/view/<view-name>Delete the view
GET/database/<database-name>/query?q=<query>Executes the URI-encoded SQL query
POST/database/<database-name>/queryContent-Type: text/plain
SQL Query
Executes the raw SQL query in the body
GET/database/<database-name>/function/<function-name>?a=<value-1>&b=<value-2>Calls the SQL function with the provided parameters

Strings, spaces and nulls

  • String values with white space in a path parameters need to be URL encoded, e.g. /database/demo/schema/sys/table/cities?filter_city=Amsterdam%20Zuid
  • JSON null values are passed to the database as null values.

Document management

To start working with document one must first create a schema documents and a table documents with the following columns: _id int, body json. If the schema and table are no found in the attached database, the proxy can create them with a POST to /database/<database-name>/document/_init.

HTTP methodURI pathBodyDescription
POST/database/<database-name>/document/_initInitialise the document storage schema and table
GET/database/<database-name>/document/_allList all documents
POST/database/<database-name>/document/Content-Type: application/json
Document body
Store a document with a auto-generated ID
PUT/database/<database-name>/document/<document-id>Content-Type: application/json
Document body
Store or update a document with the specified document ID. If the document exits, replace it
GET/database/<database-name>/document/<document-id>Get the document with the specified document ID
DELETE/database/<database-name>/document/<document-id>Delete the document with the specified document ID
GET/database/<database-name>/document/<document-id>/_find?<key>=<value>Get all documents matching the specified filter


The MonetDB RESTful Proxy is designed to be extensible, allowing developers to write their own endpoints and interfaces and dropping in place.

Routes are handed by the Express Node.js framework router. The routes directory contains all the URL path routes and endpoints in hierarchical order. Each directory contains an index.js file which scans the directory contents and registers all files as routes, ignoring only the entries prefixed with _. Endpoints or sub-routes are defined in each of the files or sub-directories. If you want to add another level to the route, use the addRoutes function from lib/router-loader.js, to add a new set of endpoints at the desired level.

For example, the routes directory contains an index.js that scans the directory and a database.js file (added by the index) for database level operations - like creating a new database connection. In database.js a new rotue is added using addRoutes, referring to routes/_database directory and its contents. This adds the document, function, query and schema routes, which all appear as URL paths for specific database, as seen in the API documentation above.

If you want to add a new route, e.g. join, you need to write a join.js, following the example of another 'query.js', and drop the file in routes/_database. After restarting the database you will be able to execute queries to the defined endpoints at /database/<database-name>/join.

Alternatively, if you want to extend the search operations that can be performed on all documents, you need only work on the routes/_database/_document/find.js file.

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