kon

konfiga

Parses command line arguments and environment variables into a frozen object.

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konfiga

The purpose of Konfiga is to read a bunch of stuff off of the command line and environment, and compile them into a read-only object that you can then serve as global config for your app.

The Schema

Konfiga accepts a schema that allows you to define a bunch of options and what their related names are on the command line and in the environment.

Here's an example schema being passed to Konfiga

var konfiga = require('konfiga');

var config = konfiga({
    appPort: {
        defaultValue: 3000,
        envVariableName: 'APP_PORT',
        cmdLineArgName: 'port',
        type: Number
    }
});

module.exports = config;

The above, assuming no values are read from the command line or your environment, will assign config the following:

{
    appPort: 3000
}

The object returned by Konfiga is frozen and thus read-only. Also notice that the appPort option in the above schema has 4 properties defined. Every option in in your schema should have them defined. Here's what they mean.

defaultValue

The value used if nothing is specified on the command line or in your environment.

envVariableName

The name of the environment variable that maps to this option. If the environment variable has a value then it is used instead of the default.

cmdLineArgName

The name of the command line argument that maps to this option. For example, if you were to start your app with node . --port 4000 then 4000 would be used as the value for appPort.

Values from the command line trump both the option's default value and the value from its environment variable.

required

When this option is true a value for it must be found in the environment or as a command line argument. If no value is given, konfiga will throw an error.

type

The only optional property. The type to cast any values into. Everything you get from the command line or environment is a string. Sometimes it can be useful/necessary to cast values into a more appropriate type.

Acceptable types are:

  • String
  • Number
  • Boolean
  • Array

If you do not specify a type, the value is cast to a string.

Support for arrays is rather limited. If you specify a type as Array it will accept comma delimited values from the command line and/or environment. You can also specify your default as an JavaScript array too. For example.

var config = konfiga({
    optionalFeatures: {
        defaultValue: [],
        envVariableName: 'OPTIONAL_FEATURES',
        cmdLineArgName: 'optional-features',
        type: Array
    }
});

Starting your app with the following

node . --optional-features feature1,feature2,feature3

will assign the following to config.

{
    optionalFeatures: ['feature1', 'feature2', 'feature3']
}

Konfiga Options

Konfiga accepts a second parameter consisting of an options object. argv and env are the only acceptable options.

argv

If you don't like the way minimist parses stuff from the command line, you can pass your own pre-parsed object to konfiga as the argv option like so:

var config = konfiga(schema, { argv: myOwnParsedArgs });

env

By default, Konfiga get values from the enviroment using the process.env global. I'm not sure why you'd ever need to pass in your own equivilant object, but since I added the option for command line args, I felt I should add one for this too.

parsers

Konfiga comes with default parsers. To add more parsers, or override existing parsers, this array can be used. For example, to add a Set type:

var config = konfiga(schema, {
    parsers: [
        {
            Type: Set,
            parser: function(value) {
                if (!value) {
                    return new Set();
                }

                if (Array.isArray(value)) {
                    return new Set(value);
                }

                return new Set(value.toString().split(','));
            }
        }
    ]
});

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