gp
gift-pegjs
npm i gift-pegjs
gp

gift-pegjs

Development of PEG grammar to support GIFT (quiz) format

by Christopher (Cris) Fuhrman

0.2.1 (see all)License:MITTypeScript:Built-In
npm i gift-pegjs
Readme

GIFT-grammar-PEG.js

Status

Build Status

Development of PEG grammar to parse GIFT (quiz question) file format. The goal is to find an intuitive and fun way to create quiz questions.

Initial hacking done using pegjs.org/online. The GIFT.pegjs file goes on the left and the test GIFT goes on the right. Note that nothing is saved in this environment (you must copy-paste back to your own files).

GIFT parser (npm package gift-pegjs)

The PEG.js grammar in this repo is used to generate a parser for GIFT. You can see how it works in this online editor.

Software using the parser

For developers

Install

For simple web applications, copy the pegjs-gift.js file into your project.

For modern Javascript development, install the library using npm:

npm install gift-pegjs

Usage

Importing the NPM library in ES6+ Javascript (recommended):

import { parse } from "gift-pegjs";

const question = "What is the value of pi (to 3 decimal places)? {#3.141..3.142}."

const quiz = parse(question)

Importing the library for simple web applications:

import { parse } from "./pegjs-gift"; // Change path depending on where the file is copied.

const question = "What is the value of pi (to 3 decimal places)? {#3.141..3.142}."

const quiz = parse(question)

Importing the NPM library in CommonJS (for use in Node.js applications):

const parse = require("gift-pegjs");

const question = "What is the value of pi (to 3 decimal places)? {#3.141..3.142}."

const quiz = parse(question)

Using the optional Typescript types:

import { parse, GIFTQuestion } from "gift-pegjs";

const question: string = "What is the value of pi (to 3 decimal places)? {#3.141..3.142}."

const quiz: GIFTQuestion[] = parse(question)

Example

import { parse } from "gift-pegjs";

let sampleQuestion = `
Is this True? {T}

Mahatma Gandhi's birthday is an Indian holiday on {
~15th
~3rd
=2nd
} of October.

Since {
  ~495 AD
  =1066 AD
  ~1215 AD
  ~ 43 AD
} the town of Hastings England has been "famous with visitors".

What is the value of pi (to 3 decimal places)? {#3.141..3.142}.
`;

const quizQuestions = parse(sampleQuestion);
console.log(quizQuestions);

Tests

There are easily extendible tests using Mocha from sample GIFT/JSON files in ./test/questions/.

To be able to run the tests, you must set up your environment:

  • Install node.js

  • Clone this repo.

  • Install the node.js dependencies for this project. Inside the root directory of this repo, type:

      npm install .
    
  • Run the regression tests with the following command:

      npm test
    
  • Output will look something like this:

    $ npm test
    
    > gift-grammar-pegjs@1.0.0 test C:\Users\fuhrm\Documents\GitHub\GIFT-grammar-PEG.js
    > mocha tests --recursive
    
      GIFT parser harness:
         parsing GIFT question: ./tests/questions/description1.gift
         parsing GIFT question: ./tests/questions/essay1.gift
         parsing GIFT question: ./tests/questions/giftFormatPhpExamples.gift
         parsing GIFT question: ./tests/questions/matching1.gift
         parsing GIFT question: ./tests/questions/mc1.gift
         parsing GIFT question: ./tests/questions/mc2.gift
         parsing GIFT question: ./tests/questions/mc3.gift
         parsing GIFT question: ./tests/questions/mc4.gift
         parsing GIFT question: ./tests/questions/mc5.gift
         parsing GIFT question: ./tests/questions/multiLineFeedback1.gift
         parsing GIFT question: ./tests/questions/numerical1.gift
         parsing GIFT question: ./tests/questions/options1.gift
         parsing GIFT question: ./tests/questions/shortAnswer1.gift
         parsing GIFT question: ./tests/questions/tf1.gift
         parsing GIFT question: ./tests/questions/tf2.gift


      15 passing (225ms)
  • To create a new test GIFT file, just name it foo.gift in ./test/questions/. The JSON file foo.json should exist (expected output) and can be easily generated from the output at https://pegjs.org/online. Note: any undefined values from that output must be declared as null in the JSON file.

GIFT format

General Import Format Technology (GIFT) is described at several places, but it's hard to know what the definitive source is.

This table is not sufficient to understand everything. Please see Moodle's documentation and this reference for many more details.

SymbolsUse
// textComment until end of line (optional)
::title::Question title (optional)
textQuestion text (becomes title if no title specified)
[format]The format of the following bit of text. Options are [html], [moodle], [plain] and [markdown]. The default is [moodle] for the question text, other parts of the question default to the format used for the question text.
{Start answer(s) -- without any answers, text is a description of following questions
{T} or {F}True or False answer; also {TRUE} and {FALSE}
{ ... =right ... }Correct answer for multiple choice, (multiple answer? -- see page comments) or fill-in-the-blank
{ ... ~wrong ... }Incorrect answer for multiple choice or multiple answer
{ ... =item -> match ... }Answer for matching questions
#feedback textAnswer feedback for preceding multiple, fill-in-the-blank, or numeric answers
####general feedbackGeneral feedback
{#Start numeric answer(s)
    answer:toleranceNumeric answer accepted within ± tolerance range
    low..highLower and upper range values of accepted numeric answer
    =%n%answer:tolerancen percent credit for one of multiple numeric ranges within tolerance from answer
}End answer(s)
\characterBackslash escapes the special meaning of ~, =, #, {, }, and :
\nPlaces a newline in question text -- blank lines delimit questions

Source for above table

Background information

See these discussions in the Moodle forums:

See this test file from Moodle's code base.

Class model for Moodle questions (quiz) format

The following UML class diagram is an interpretation of the XML format for Moodle quiz import/export. Note that the XML format is naive, e.g., the QUESTION tag is overloaded using TYPE= and as such can't easily be schema-tized. The interpretation below aims to facilitate the understanding of the content and relations. It's a domain model reverse-engineered from a data model.

UML class diagram (domain model) loosely based on XML structure

Railroad diagram of the grammar

Check out the railroad diagram for this project's PEG.

Testing the editor locally

  • In a terminal of the cloned repo: node server.js
  • Point a browser to http://localhost:8181/docs/editor/editor.html

Downloads/wk

23

GitHub Stars

22

LAST COMMIT

9mos ago

MAINTAINERS

1

CONTRIBUTORS

10

OPEN ISSUES

3

OPEN PRs

0
VersionTagPublished
0.2.1
latest
9mos ago
No alternatives found
No tutorials found
Add a tutorial