freddie

Front end development server

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freddie freddie

Front end development server

Getting started

Launch the server from the document root of your project (where the index.html is placed)

$ cd /path/to/prj
$ freddie

server listening on port 3000

Check your project at http://localhost:3000

Features

By default, freddie acts as a static server, serving the files placed in the directory from where it is launched

It has, however, 3 main features built-in, covering the full development cycle:

  • static server for static demos
  • fixtures server for prototyping when the back end is not released yet
  • proxy server for redirecting requests to a back end

Install

$ [sudo] npm install -g freddie

For grunt users there is a grunt-freddie plugin available

Usage

$ freddie [server, ...] [options]

freddie looks inside the current directory looking for a .freddie.json config file.

If there is no config file, the default static server is launched

[server, ...]

$ freddie dev doc

dev listening on port 3000

doc listening on port 3001

List of named servers to launch.

Only names matching the ones in config file will be launched

[options]

--help, -h

$ freddie --help

Show documentation

--version, -v

$ freddie --version

Show version

--config, -c

$ freddie --config /path/to/nondefault/config.json

Use the specified file as server configuration instead of the default .freddie.json

--noconf

$ freddie --noconf

Ignore the .freddie.json config file in the current directory

Useful when used with the server-related options like --root

The following options will be passed through directly to the freddie library

For further information see the API documentation below

Priority over config file

The command-line options get priority over the config file options

In a path with a .freddie.json file, running freddie with server-related options overrides the ones specified in the config file

If the config file has multiple servers, the command-line options will override every server definition

In this particular cases, its useful the --noconf flag

--root, -r

$ freddie --root /path/to/document/root

Path where the files you want to serve are stored

The root is defined following this priority order:

  1. CLI parameter
  2. config's root property
  3. current directory

--port, -p

$ freddie --port 8080

Port to listen for incoming requests

You will need to use sudo to launch servers listening on well known ports (those below 1024)

.freddie.json

Single server configuration

To configure a single server you can declare server-related options directly as a JSON object

{
  "root": "public",
  "port": 8080
}

The object will be passed through directly to the freddie library

For a list of the options that can be used see the API documentation below

(note that because functions cannot be used in JSON, some options from the API are just accessible through JavaScript)

Multiple server configuration

To configure multiple servers simply use an array of single configurations

Its recommended to use the name option to recognize the servers in the common log

[
  {
    "name": "dev",
    "root": "build",
    "port": 4000,
    "fixtures": {
      "/api": "test/fixtures"
    }
  },
  {
    "name": "pre",
    "root": "bin",
    "port": 8080,
    "proxy": {
      "/api": "http://backend:4567/app"
    }
  },
  {
    "name": "doc",
    "root": "doc",
    "port": 5000
  }
]

API

freddie(config?)

Launches a single server instance.

Optionally you can pass a config object to the freddie() function to define custom settings, otherwise defaults will be applied

Here is an example using the same config as the default settings

var freddie = require('freddie');

freddie({
  name: 'server',
  root: process.cwd(),
  port: 3000
});

Which is the same as calling freddie() without any configuration object

The defaults are merged with the config passed so you can configure just the name, for instance, and the default port and root will be applied

Multiple servers

You can launch multiple servers from the same script, each with its own configuration, by calling freddie() several times passing the settings you want on each call

Available middlewares

There are 4 available middlewares built-in, which handles the requests with the following priority order:

  1. proxy middleware
  2. fixtures middleware
  3. static middleware
  4. notfound middleware

The request handling is exclusive. If the 1st middleware (the proxy middleware) can handle the request the other ones are not called at all. If the middleware cannot handle the request, it is passed to the next middleware (the fixtures middleware) and so on...

config.root

root: '/path/to/document/root'

(String) Path where the static files are placed

The server will only allow access to files inside this directory

Usually this is the directory where index.html is placed

The path can be absolute or relative to the current directory

(Defaults to) process.cwd() (the current directory)

config.port

port: 3000

(Number) Port to listen for incoming requests

freddie looks for a free port to listen. If the specified port is busy, the port number is incremented and tried again until a free port is reached

(Defaults to) 3000

config.name

name: 'foo'

(String) Name of the server to be used in logs

This is useful when launching several servers from the same script to recognize which logs are emitted from which server

(Defaults to) 'server'

config.fixtures

fixtures: {
  '/api': '/path/to/fixtures'
}

({ context: path }) A map of request contexts to paths with JSON fixtures

The path can be absolute or relative to the current directory

Multiple mappings can be defined here

This middleware reply to every request that matches the specified context regardless of the HTTP method used (GET, POST, ...)

The request is modified adding a .json at the end

  • Having a /path/to/fixtures/endpoint.json fixture
  • Having a fixtures: { '/api': '/path/to/fixtures' } configuration
  • All requests to /api/endpoint would be replied with the contents of endpoint.json

(Defatults to) undefined

Comments

Fixtures are parsed with json-strip-comments which allows to add c-like comments in the json

Random content

Fixtures are rendered using dummy-json which allows to generate random data from a handlebars extended JSON file

Resonse configuration

By default, freddie will treat the json contents as response data

{
  "foo": 123
}

But you can wrap the previous response in a body attribute:

{
  "body": {
    "foo": 123
  }
}

By doing so you can specify response metadata such as status code or headers

{
  "headers": {
    "Access-Control-Allow-Origin": "*"
  },
  "body": {
    "foo": 123
  }
}

The following properties can be specified

  • status: HTTP response status code. Defaults to 200
  • headers: HTTP response headers. Defaults to { 'Content-Type': 'application/json' }
  • latency: Delay in milisecons before sending the response. Defaults to 0

URL params

Currently there is no support for defining URLs with params

/api/item/:id/data

For this kind of requests we have to use directories representing the variable part (:id)

/path/to/fixtures/item/10/data.json
/path/to/fixtures/item/20/data.json

Then use the defined ids (10, 20, ...) in your fixtures so future requests can be matched against the fake directory structure

[
  {
    "id": 10,
    "name": "foo"
  },
  {
    "id": 20,
    "name": "bar"
  }
]

config.proxy

proxy: {
  '/api': 'http://backend:8080/prj'
}

Multiple mappings can be defined here

All requests to /api/endpoint would be redirected to http://backend:8080/prj/endpoint

({ context: url }) A map of request contexts to backend urls

  • Support both HTTP and HTTPS protocols

(Defatults to) undefined

config.notfound

notfound middleware settings

It can be used to define a custom 404 error page

notfound: {
  path: 'file.html',
  status: 404
}

status defaults to 404

notfound: { path: 'file.html' }

It can also be useful while serving angular applications with html5mode enabled

root: 'build',
notfound: {
  path: 'build/index.html',
  status: 200
}

(Defatults to) undefined

config.onListen

onListen: function (serverName, port) {
  console.log(serverName, 'listening on port', port);
}

(function (serverName, port)) Called once the server starts listening

This is used by the grunt-freddie plugin to release the async task

(Defaults to) console.log (like in the sample above)

License

The MIT License (MIT)

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