An easy to use ECS lib (Entity Component System) for gamedev





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2yrs ago








Type Definitions







This is a work in progress!

All major features are there, but this library isn't optimized yet.




This project is an attempt to make a small and easy to use ecs for web game.


  • World: This is where all the magic happens. Each time its process method is called, all the registered systems are executed.
  • Entity: It's just an id, it represents anything you'd like.
  • Component: The «data» of your entity, the component is attached to one (and only one) entity.
  • System: You place the logic of your game in this beast. A system can process a set of entities that match a certain configuration of components.
  • Aspect: This will help you define what kind of entities your systems should process.
  • Manager: This handles the linking between components and entities.

Example with code

You can find an example of game using ept-ecs on github


How to create a new world?

import {World} from 'ept-ecs'
let world: World = new World();

in order to work, we need to:

  1. register all the component's managers
  2. add every systems to the world
  3. initiate the world

Registering a component manager

world.registerComponent(managerName, default);

managerName: is the name of the manager (two managers cannot have the same name).
default: is an instance of Component, this will be the default component's value when adding this component to an entity.

Add a system to the world

world.addSystem(system, enable);

system: is an instance of System, a «System» holds the «logic» of the world.
enable: set this to false if you don't want the world to process this system rigth away.

Initiate the world


The entire world creation's process can be chained up as such:


Running the world

to process the world, you need to call:


delta: is the amount of time between now and the last call to process(). It can be in second or millisecond, it's up to you. However, you should stick to the unit you choose and use the same for all your systems.

How to create a custom component?

Instances of Component are simple structures that contain the data of our game.

// in Explosive.ts
import {Component} from 'ept-ecs'
class Explosive extends Component {
    public fuseLength: number;
    constructor(fuseLength: number = 100) {
        this.fuseLength = fuseLength;

// in Activate.ts
import {Component} from 'ept-ecs'
class Activate extends Component {

You should never put logic inside your components. This is what systems are made for!

How to work with components?


In this library, entities are only uniq ids. To attach any king of data (components) to them, you need to use Managers. Each components registered to the world has one. To fetch a specific manager:

import {World, Manager} from 'ept-ecs'
let world: World = new World();
    .registerComponent("explosive", new Explosive(10))
let entityId: number = world.create();
let explosiveManager: Explosive = world.getComponentManager("explosive");
// add the default component to entityId
// add a new component to entityId
explosiveManager.add(entityId, new Explosive(100));
// remove the component

Update the data in the component

Once you have the manager, you can start altering the values of your components.

let explosiveManager: Manager = world.getComponentManager("explosive");
let explosive: Explosive = explosiveManager.fetch(entityId) as Explosive;
explosive.fuseLength = 300;


  • notice the component has been casted as Explosive.
  • VERY Important: the method fetch(entityId) creates a new Component (a clone of the default value) if entityId doesn't have one. If you need to check if an entity has (or not) a component, you must use the has(entityId) method.


Each time you call world.process(delta); every (active) systems are processed sequentially.

There are 6 types of system:

  • System: the most basic, it doesn't handle any entity.
  • EntitySystem: this one handles every entities that match its Aspect (more on that later)
  • DelayedSystem: this system is set with an internal clock that will decrease with the delta you pass to world. It's only processed when its internal clock reaches zero. Like System it doesn't handle any entity.
  • DelayedEntitySystem: A combination of EntitySystem and DelayedSystem.
  • IntervalSystem: this system is executed at a regular interval.
  • IntervalEntitySystem: Same as IntervalSystem, but it will process every entities that match its Aspect


Aspect are used by EntitySystem, IntervalEntitySystem and DelayedEntitySystem. They define what composition of components an entity should (or should not) have in order to be processed by a system.
The aspect is set at the creation of the system.
Let's say we want our system to handle every entities that have the components "explosive" and "activate". This is how you define this combination:

new Aspect().all("explosive", "activate");

Good, now lets say that you want our system to process either a "dynamite" a "tntbox" or a "canon"

new Aspect()
    .all("explosive", "activate")
    .one("dynamite", "tntbox", "cannon");

Finally, we agree that our system cannot process an entity if it's "wet".

new Aspect()
    .all("explosive", "activate")
    .one("dynamite", "tntbox", "cannon");

Code examples:

use of Aspect for an EntitySystem

In this example, the system is handling any entity that is an "active" "explosive" that can either be a "dynamite" or a "tntbox" but who isn't "wet" nor "defective"

import {Aspect, EntitySystem, Manager, World} from 'ept-ecs';

export class ExplosiveCountDownSystem extends EntitySystem {
    private explosiveManager: Manager;

    public constructor() {
            new Aspect()
                .all("explosive", "activate")
                .one("dynamite", "tntbox")
                .none("wet", "defective")

    public init(world: World): void {
        this.explosiveManager ="explosive");

    public process(entity: number): void {
        let explosive = this.explosiveManager.fetch(entity) as Explosive;
        explosive.fuseLength -=;
        if (explosive.fuseLength <= 0) {


In this example, we have a system that automaticaly destroy any projectile 5 seconds after it has been thrown.
In order to work, this system requires a bit more code. You need to implement the updateEntityDelay function of DelayedEntitySystem.
The updateEntityDelay returns true or false if an entity needs to be process or not.

import { DelayedEntitySystem, Manager } from 'ept-ecs'
import { TimeToLiveProjectile } from '../components/TimeToLiveProjectile';

export class DeleteOldProjectileSystem extends DelayedEntitySystem {
    private ttlProjectileManager: Manager;

    public init() {
        this.ttlProjectileManager ="ttlProjectile");

    updateEntityDelay(entity: number): boolean {
        let ttlProjectile = this.ttlProjectileManager.fetch(entity) as TimeToLiveProjectile;
        ttlProjectile.ttl -=;
        return ttlProjectile.ttl <= 0;
    protected process(entity: number): void {;
        // do other stuf

The component TimeToLiveProjectile:

import { Component } from "ept-ecs";

export class TimeToLiveProjectile extends Component {
    public ttl: number = 1000;


In this example, we need a system that decrease the health of all enemies every 20 seconds:

export class DamageOverTimeSystem extends IntervalEntitySystem {
    private healthManager: Manager;
    private deadManager: Manager;

    constructor(interval: number = 20000) {
            new Aspect()
                .none("dead", "invinsible"),

    public init() {
        this.healthManager ="health");
        this.deadManager ="dead");

    protected process(entity: number): void {
        let health = this.healthManager.fetch(entity) as Health;
        health.amount -= 10;
        if (health.amount <= 0) {


  • The IntervalEntitySystem will process all of its entities every time it's triggered. See the following example if you want to have an interval «per» entity.

IntervalEntitySystem per entity

In order to do a «per» entity interval, you need to use DelayedEntitySystem and reset the entity's timer every time it's been call.

export class IntervalPerEntitySystem extends DelayedEntitySystem {
    private entityIntervalManager: Manager;

    public init() {
        this.entityIntervalManager ="entityInterval");

    updateEntityDelay(entity: number): boolean {
        let entityInterval = this.entityIntervalManager.fetch(entity) as EntityInterval;
        entityInterval.ttl -=;
        return entityInterval.ttl <= 0;
    protected process(entity: number): void {
        let entityInterval = this.entityIntervalManager.fetch(entity) as EntityInterval;
        entityInterval.ttl += entityInterval.interval;

The component EntityInterval:

export class EntityInterval extends Component {
    public ttl: number = 1000;
    public interval: number = 1000;


  • Optimize everything
  • Add a DelayedEntitySystem
  • Add a IntervalSystem & IntervalEntitySystem
  • Battle test the bloody thing
  • Host it on Github
  • Write examples on how to use/implement Systems
  • Write a proper wiki on how to use the lib

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