change-propagation

Mirror of https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/g/mediawiki/services/change-propagation. See https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Developer_access for contributing.

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Change Propagation

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A RESTBase queuing module for Apache Kafka

The purpose of the change propagation service is executing actions based on events. The service listens to kafka topics, and executes handlers for events according to configurable rules. Currently, a rule could issue HTTP requests, produce new messages, or make an HTCP purge request. The list of supported actions is easily expandable by creating new modules with internal HTTP endpoints and calling them from the rules.

Features

  • Config-based rules for message processing. For more information about rules configuration see [Configuration](##Rule configuration) section.
  • Automatic limited retries
  • Global rule execution concurrency limiting
  • Metrics and logging support

Rule Configuration

A Rule is a semantically meaningful piece of service functionality. For example, 'Rerender RESTBase if the page was changed', or 'Update summary if RESTBase render was changed' are both rules. To specify the rules, you need to add a property to the kafka module config template property. Each rule is executed by a single worker, but internal load-balancing mechanism tries to distribute rules to workers equally.

The rule can contain the following properties:

  • topic A name of the topic to subscribe to.
  • match An optional predicate for a message. The rule is executed only if all of the match properties were satisfied by the message. Properties could be nested objects, constants or a regex. Regex could contain capture groups and captured values will later be accessible in the exec part of the rule. Capture groups could be named, using the (?<name>group) syntax, then the captured value would be accessible under match.property_name.capture_name within the exec part. Named and unnamed captures can not be mixed together.
  • match_not An optional predicate which must not match for a rule to be executed. It doesn't capture values and doesn't make them accessible to the exec part of the rule. The match_not may be an array with the semantics of logical OR - if any of the array items match, the match_not matches.
  • exec An array of HTTP request templates, that will be executed sequentially if the rule matched. The template follows request templating syntax. The template is evaluated with a context that has message global property with an original message, and match property with values extracted by the match.

Here's an example of the rule, which would match all resource_change messages, emitted by RESTBase, and purge varnish caches for the resources by issuing an HTTP request to a special internal module, that would convert it to HTCP purge and make an HTCP request:

    purge_varnish:
      topic: resource_change
      match:
        meta:
          uri: '/^https?:\/\/[^\/]+\/api\/rest_v1\/(?<rest>.+)$/'
        tags:
          - restbase
      exec:
        method: post
        uri: '/sys/purge/'
        body:
          - meta:
              uri: '//{{message.meta.domain}}/api/rest_v1/{{match.meta.uri.rest}}'

Testing

For testing locally you need to setup and start Apache Kafka and set the KAFKA_HOME environment variable to point to the Kafka home directory and KAFKA_VERSION environment variable to specify the desired Kafka version (1.1.0) Here's a sample script you need to run:

export KAFKA_HOME=<your desired kafka install path>
export KAFKA_VERSION=1.1.0
echo "KAFKA_HOME=$KAFKA_HOME" >> ~/.bash_profile
echo "PATH=\$PATH:\$KAFKA_HOME/bin" >> ~/.bash_profile
npm install
npm run install-kafka

Apart from the above you need to have a running Redis server locally on your machine.

Before starting the development version of change propagation or running test you need to start Zookeeper and Kafka with start-kafka npm script. To stop Kafka and Zookeeper tun stop-kafka npm script.

Testing against local schemas

To run tests against local schemas one must be using Node 7.6.0 or higher and set DEV_BASE_URI to the directory of the schemas:

export DEV_BASE_URI=<directory_of_schemas>
npm test

Running locally

To run the service locally, you need to have to have kafka and zookeeper installed and run. Example of installation and configuration can be found in the Testing section of this readme. After kafka is installed, configured, and run with npm run start-kafka command, copy the example config and run the service:

cp config.example.yaml config.yaml
npm start

Also, before using the service you need to ensure that all topics used in your config exist in kafka. Topics should be prefixed with a datacenter name (default is default). Also, each topic must have a retry topic. So, if you are using a topic named test_topic, the follwing topics must exist in kafka:

 - 'default.test_topic'
 - 'default.change-prop.retry.test_topic'

Bug Reporting

The service is maintained by the Wikimedia Services Team. For bug reporting use EventBus project on Phabricator or #wikimedia-services IRC channel on freenode.

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