Timezone specific manipulation of datetime strings





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Timezone specific manipulation of datetime strings

Designed to be used on top of another library. Initial implementation is build on top of moment-timezone


This is a set of minimal operation needed to deal with timezone in javascript. It focuses on only having one canonical representation of a time, namely an ISO8601 string.


see docs.mli file


var Timezone = require("browser-tz")
var timezoneData = require("moment-timezone/moment-timezones.json")

var tz = Timezone(timezoneData)

var today = new Date().toISOString()
// convert an ISO GMT string to an ISO string with the correct
// offset for that time in New York
var todayInNewYork = tz.IsoString(today, "America/New_York")

// To a timezone operation of adding a day to a day
// within a given time. This either add's a GMT day or +-1 hour
// based on whether a DST change happens during that day in
// new york
var tomorrowInNewYork = tz.addDay({
  iso: todayInNewYork,
  timezone: "America/New_York"
}, 1)

var timeString = tz.format(tomorrowInNewYork, "hh:mm A")

The timezone strategy

To make dealing with times and timezones easier this module exposes the minimal number of data types and the minimal number of operations on times, dates and timezones.

Generally in your server you should be storing times as ISO8601 strings, preferably in GMT.

Clientside rendering

For rendering these times you want to render that GMT ISO8601 time in a specific timezone. This means you should probably pass tuples of { iso: String, timezone: String } to your templates or views and they should use the IsoString function to format that tuple correctly. Once formatted as a correct ISO8601 string with the correct offset for that datetime and timezone you should be able to pass it into any formatting or time related view component.

If you pass the IsoString function an ISO string without an offset. i.e. no Z and no -04:00 it will assume that it's a time in the timezone you give it and just add the correct timezone offset for that datetime and timezone.

If you don't pass a timezone that it's already a correct ISO8601 string so it will just be returned

Computing future events from a users point of view

If a user wants to do a recurring event at a time in his timezone or a user wants to do an event next Monday at 9am in his timezone then you need the ability to add some time offset to a time or compute a certain time in his timezone in the future.

The doing an event next Monday at 9am is just another usage of the IsoString function where you ask it to give you the local ISO8601 representation of that Monday 9am in the users timezone

If you wanted to compute a recurring weekly schedule you can use the addWeek function to take a time and a timezone and compute the ISO8601 string for that that a time a week later in the users timezone. Using this function reprects DST change. So if a DST change happens and the week is actually 7 days + 1 hour in GMT it will add 7 days and 1 hour to the time (i.e. return next weeks time with the offset changed).

Dealing with ambigious local times

A user might ask you for 1am on a day of DST where the hour goes back and you actually have 1am twice because 2am goes back to 1am. If a user asks for this local time then the IsoString function will return the first 1am.

A user might ask you for 2am on a day of DST where the hour goes forward and 2am becomes 3am. This means 2am local time does not actually exist. In this case 3am is returned and 2.30am also turns into 3.30am.


npm install browser-tz


  • Raynos

MIT Licenced

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