@beamnetwork/eco-nest-authz

nest-authz is a NestJS authorization module based on casbin

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nest-authz

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A access control library for NestJS which built on node-casbin.

Casbin is a powerful and efficient open-source access control library. It provides support for enforcing authorization based on various access control models like ACL, RBAC, ABAC. For detailed info, check out the official docs

How to use

Installation

$ npm install --save nest-authz

Define Access Control Model

Firstly, you should create your own casbin access control model. Checkout related docs if you have not.

Initialization

Register nest-authz with options in the AppModule as follows:

AuthZModule.register(options)

options is an object literal containing options.

  • model is a path string to the casbin model.
  • policy is a path string to the casbin policy file or adapter
  • usernameFromContext (REQUIRED) is a function that accepts ExecutionContext(the param of guard method canActivate) as the only parameter and returns either the username as a string or null. The AuthZGuard uses username to determine user's permission internally.
  • enforcerProvider Optional enforcer provider
  • imports Optional list of imported modules that export the providers which are required in this module.

There are two ways to configure enforcer, either enforcerProvider(optional with imports) or model with policy

An example configuration which reads username from the http request.

import { TypeOrmModule } from '@nestjs/typeorm';

@Module({
  imports: [
    AuthZModule.register({
      model: 'model.conf',
      policy: TypeORMAdapter.newAdapter({
        name: 'casbin',
        type: 'mysql',
        host: 'localhost',
        port: 3306,
        username: 'root',
        password: 'password',
        database: 'nestdb'
      }),
      usernameFromContext: (ctx) => {
        const request = ctx.switchToHttp().getRequest();
        return request.user && request.user.username;
      }
    }),
  ],
  controllers: [AppController],
  providers: [AppService]
})

or

import { TypeOrmModule } from '@nestjs/typeorm';
import { ConfigModule, ConfigService } from './config.module';
import { AUTHZ_ENFORCER } from 'nest-authz';

@Module({
  imports: [
    ConfigModule,
    AuthZModule.register({
      imports: [ConfigModule],
      enforcerProvider: {
        provide: AUTHZ_ENFORCER,
        useFactory: async (configSrv: ConfigService) => {
          const config = await configSrv.getAuthConfig();
          return casbin.newEnforcer(config.model, config.policy);
        },
        inject: [ConfigService],
      },
      usernameFromContext: (ctx) => {
        const request = ctx.switchToHttp().getRequest();
        return request.user && request.user.username;
      }
    }),
  ],
  controllers: [AppController],
  providers: [AppService]

The latter one is preferred.

Checking Permissions

Using @UsePermissions Decorator

The @UserPermissions decorator is the easiest and most common way of checking permissions. Consider the method shown below:

  @Get('users')
  @UseGuards(AuthZGuard)
  @UsePermissions({
    action: AuthActionVerb.READ,
    resource: 'USER',
    possession: AuthPossession.ANY
  })
  async findAllUsers() {}

The findAllUsers method can not be called by a user who is not granted the permission to read any user.

The value of property resource is a magic string just for demonstrating. In the real-world applications you should avoid magic strings. Resources should be kept in the separated file like resources.ts

The param of UsePermissions are some objects with required properties actionresourcepossession and an optional isOwn.

  • action is an enum value of AuthActionVerb.
  • resource is a resource string the request is accessing.
  • possession is an enum value of AuthPossession.
  • isOwn is a function that accepts ExecutionContext(the param of guard method canActivate) as the only parameter and returns boolean. The AuthZGuard uses it to determine whether the user is the owner of the resource. A default isOwn function which returns false will be used if not defined.

You can define multiple permissions, but only when all of them satisfied, could you access the route. For example:

@UsePermissions({
  action: AuthActionVerb.READ,
  resource: 'USER_ADDRESS',
  possession: AuthPossession.ANY
}, {
  action; AuthActionVerb.READ,
  resource: 'USER_ROLES,
  possession: AuthPossession.ANY
})

Only when the user is granted both permissions of reading any user address and reading any roles, could he/she access the route.

Using AuthzRBACService or AuthzManagementService

While the @UsePermissions decorator is good enough for most cases, there are situations where we may want to check for a permission in a method's body. We can inject and use AuthzRBACService or AuthzManagementService which are wrappers of casbin api for that as shown in the example below:

import { Controller, Get, UnauthorizedException } from '@nestjs/common';
import {
  AuthZGuard,
  AuthZRBACService,
  AuthActionVerb,
  AuthPossession,
  UsePermissions
} from 'nest-authz';

@Controller()
export class AppController {
  constructor(private readonly rbacSrv: AuthZRBACService) {}

  @Get('users')
  async findAllUsers() {
    const isPermitted = await this.rbacSrv.hasPermissionForUser();
    if (!isPermitted) {
      throw new UnauthorizedException(
        'You are not authorized to read users list'
      );
    }
    // A user can not reach this point if he/she is not granted for permission read users
  }
}

Example

For more detailed information, checkout the working example in nest-authz-example

License

This project is licensed under the MIT license.

Contact

If you have any issues or feature requests, contact me. PR is welcomed.

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