github.com/fastbill/httperrors
go get github.com/fastbill/httperrors

github.com/fastbill/httperrors

Elegant HTTP error handling in Go

by fastbill

v1.0.0 (see all)License:MIT
go get github.com/fastbill/httperrors
Readme

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Description

This package introduces a new error type that combines an HTTP status code and a message. It helps with two things:

  1. Other packages/modules that make HTTP requests like go-request can return this error type in case an HTTP error code was returned. The consumer of the package can then check for the type httperrors.HTTPError and react depending on the status code or pass on the error as is.
  2. When working with frameworks like Echo this error type can be returned in the HTTP handler and handled in the general error handler of the framework. For example you could log all 5xx errors but not invalid requests (400). Of course the error type provided by the framework could also be used for this. But the separate error type allows for a framework independent request client while still being able to just "pass on" HTTP errors if needed.

The httperrors.HTTPError type implements the error interface but also includes a WriteJSON(w http.ResponseWriter) method that allows to convert the error into an HTTP response. It will set the HTTP status code and write the message as JSON to the response body like this:

{
  "message": "missing field: username"
}

Example

Creating an HTTPError

func myHandler(c framework.Context) error {
    if c.FormValue("user") == "" {
        return httperrors.New(http.StatusBadRequest, "missing field: username")
    }
    
    // ...
}

Handling an HTTPError

func generalErrorHandler(err error, c framework.Context) {
    httpError, ok := err.(httperrors.HTTPError)
    // Alternativly a type switch can be used to identify the HTTPError.
    if ok {
      httpError.WriteJSON(c.ResponseWriter)
      return
    }

    // Handle other error types here ...
}

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VersionTagPublished
v1.0.0
1yr ago
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