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github.com/bytewatch/ddl-executor
go get github.com/bytewatch/ddl-executor
de

github.com/bytewatch/ddl-executor

a golang library can parse and execute MySQL DDL statements

by ByteWatch

v0.0.0-20191006051259-3983fa694bf8 (see all)License:Apache-2.0
go get github.com/bytewatch/ddl-executor
Readme

About ddl-executor

The ddl-executor is a golang library that can parse and execute MySQL DDL statements. The library maintains schema structures in memory, for examples: creates a new schema structure when a CREATE statement executed, modifys a schema structure when a ALTER statement executed.

What can it be used for ?

This library may be used for DDL analysis, binlog stream's schema tracking (like binlog_row_metadata=FULL in MySQL 8) and so on.

Usage

Here is an example, execute "CREATE TABLE test1" and "ALTER TABLE test1 ADD COLUMN" statement, and finally print the schema info of test1:

executor := NewExecutor("utf8")
err := executor.Exec(`
    create database test;
    create table test.test1(
        id int unsigned auto_increment primary key,
        name varchar(255) CHARACTER SET utf8 not null default '' unique key
    ) CHARACTER SET gbk;
`)
require.Nil(t, err)
 
err = executor.Exec(`
    alter table test.test1
        add column addr varchar(255),
        add column phone int not null unique
`)
require.Nil(t, err)                                                                                                                        
 
tableDef, err := executor.GetTableDef("test", "test1")
require.Nil(t, err)
 
for _, columnDef := range tableDef.Columns {
    fmt.Printf("%s.%s %s %s %s %s\n", 
        tableDef.Name, columnDef.Name, columnDef.Type, columnDef.Key, columnDef.Charset, columnDef.Nullable)
}

Internals

This library use TiDB 's parser to parse MySQL statement to generate AST(abstract syntax tree). Base on different AST result of different DDL, ddl-executor executes particular logics (like MySQL's DDL logics) to maintain schema structures in memory. For different DDL statements:

  • CREATE DATABASE, DROP DATABASE
  • CREATE SCHEMA, DROP SCHEMA
  • CREATE INDEX, DROP INDEX
  • CREATE TABLE, DROP TABLE
  • ALTER TABLE
  • RENAME TABLE
  • ALTER DATABASE

What statements it supports ?

This library support 99% MySQL DDL statements.The ddl-executor can execute statements same as MySQL 5.7 identically, such as complicated statement like this:

# -----------------------------------------------
# It should be impossible to rename index that doesn't exists,
# dropped or added within the same ALTER TABLE.
#
alter table t1 rename key d to e;
alter table t1 drop key c, rename key c to d;
alter table t1 add key d(j), rename key d to e;
 
# -----------------------------------------------
# It should be impossible to rename index to a name
# which is already used by another index, or is used
# by index which is added within the same ALTER TABLE.
#
alter table t1 add key d(j);
alter table t1 rename key c to d;
alter table t1 drop key d;
alter table t1 add key d(j), rename key c to d;
 
# -----------------------------------------------
#
# Rename key is handled before add key, so, it would be error because 'key f not exsits'
alter table t1 add key d(j), add unique key e(i), rename key c to d , rename key f to d;
 
# -----------------------------------------------
# It should be possible to rename index to a name which
# belongs to index which is dropped within the  same ALTER TABLE.
#
alter table t1 add key d(j);
alter table t1 drop key c, rename key d to c;
drop table t1;

Those statements above come from MySQL' s test suit, and is part of our compatibility test cases.

What statements it doesn't support ?

Some DDL statement that are infrequent:

  • ALTER with 'convert charset': ALTER TABLE t1 CONVERT TO CHARACTER SET latin1;
  • ALTER with 'order by': ALTER TABLE t1 add column new_col int, ORDER BY payoutid, bandid;
  • DDL with geo types: ALTER TABLE t1 ADD b GEOMETRY, ADD c POINT, ADD SPATIAL INDEX(b);
  • CREATE TABLE with 'SELECT' clause;
  • Some others unfrequent statement we don't know now;

Those statements above will raise error when executing whit this library.

Compatibility tests

You can have a look on 'github.com/bytewatch/ddl-executor/compatibility_test', which is a cmd line tool to test compatibility between this library and MySQL. Type command like this, will execute hundreds of DDL statements in file ddl_cases.sql using this library and MySQL. The command will print a diff between output of this library and MySQL's, tells what is not compatible.

go build
./test.sh ddl_cases.sql latin1 172.17.0.2 3306 root passwd123456

Of course, replace MySQL connect info by yourself, and replace 'latin1' with your MySQL's charset_server.

License

Apache License 2.0

GitHub Stars

11

LAST COMMIT

3yrs ago

MAINTAINERS

0

CONTRIBUTORS

2

OPEN ISSUES

2

OPEN PRs

2
VersionTagPublished
v0.0.0-20191006051259-3983fa694bf8
3yrs ago
v0.0.0-20190123135826-00acd083c12d
3yrs ago
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